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Aquí y Ahora - 27 de diciembre, 2020

28 Dic 2020 – 12:00 AM EST

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>> tonight come on a special edition of "aqui y ahora,"doctors and nurses trying to avoid risks and chaos.>> i understood i was a danger to my own family.>> racial and social tensions have exacerbated because ofunemployment and an economy that has collapsed and an epidemicthat has left hundreds of thousands of deaths.veterans reveal a culture of sexual harassment that they haveendured in silence. >> what can you do?>> i could not scream, because he covered my mouth.>> it is the threat against our health and our oceans, damagingmarine life and contaminating what we eat.>> nano plastics are so small that they can get betweentissues and cells. >> as though it were a noahsark, a zoo prepared itself the best they could for thepandemic. now, they have other challenges.>> it was difficult. we could not let people in.we lost a lot of money, $2.7 million loss.>> the stories of 2020. >> the year has affectedeconomies, brought us to our knees, and caused ruptures inour habits and our lives. hello, i am teresa rodriguez.ilia: hello. i am ilia calderon.welcome to "aqui y ahora." new york was the epicenter ofthe crisis be what follows is a compilation of some of thereports prepared for univision about the pandemic that haschanged us. >> the decline in the curve ofcovid-19 is not visible at this ambulance company, where secondsfeel like minutes, with hundreds of calls a day.they have their hands full. >> we have got to see if thepatients need oxygen. peggy: the motto of the team isto take the emergency room to patients.when they arrive at one of these homes, they find the firemenwere already there. their protective suits indicatethe danger that all of them are facing.>> a woman who could barely breathe next to her infectedhusband. >> your oxygen right now isdoing well. it has gone up it it was, it is 98. ok?you want to go to the hospital? >> yes.i just want to be safe. >> ok.ok. peggy: the patient was lucky andwas taken to the hospital. other times, up to eight peoplemight be declared dead in a single day by a paramedic.a good day for them is when they do not have any deaths.those days are few, unfortunately.michael knows what the virus can do after becoming sick himself.he says the job is now much more personal.>> to understand what they are going through is very emotional.peggy: for ernesto, the question is not when they willget sick. they continue to evaluate therisks. >> they are considered heroes,but health workers like diana torres, for her, the truth isbittersweet. >> my mother died, and life goeson. peggy: every new covid-19patient keeps her from her family, isolated in the attic,where she gets ready to go to work.she has not hugged her three children in over one month,confined on the first floor of the house with her husband.meanwhile, her mother-in-law is quarantined on the second floor.diana: it was a difficult decision to be with my family,but when you see the possibility of what i could do, it was toolate. i had been exposed at such alevel that i knew i was a danger to my family.peggy: she works more than 12-hour shifts.and socialization is limited to sharing a donated meal with hercolleagues who, like her, could be infected without knowing is the only human contact that her patients have when theydie. diana: one of them died on me,and when i asked for someone to n and -- a patient dead,the doctor came in, and the first thing i said to her isthat he had not died alone. peggy: diana says one of hermost difficult tasks is to clean the bodies of her patients andput them in special body bags and send them to this makes her cleaning routine when she returns home much morecomplicated. before she goes into the atticfor a few minutes, she is able to be a mother.diana: make sure you brush your teeth and go to bed soon.peggy: for now, her only satisfaction is seeing a patientrecover, but she fears that this could be lost with another surgein infections, and her family would have to pay the priceagain. the peak of the pandemic is adark time in new york. here, over 800 deaths werereported in a single day. overburdening hospitals andfuneral homes. and pushing thousands offamilies into grief. they were unable to hug theirloved ones because of the restrictions.anchor: looking for bodies is how omar rodriguez spends hisdays. he went to jackson heights,queens, the so-called epicenter. he was not able to give thebereaved a date for the cremation.>> we are backed up. the crematoriums in queens donot have any space for another 20 days.>> other days, they have to look for bodies in morgues, which ismore difficult. >> some of these morgues arebuses or trucks, and they have people who died in march beneaththe bodies into -- of those who died in april, and they willkeep putting them in these trucks until we can find thesebodies. >>s telephone does not stopringing. between phone calls come heexplains to families that, unfortunately, funeral servicesare no longer an option. his chapel is now a repositoryfor bodies. >> watch my my back. >> with this truck, the mortuarysciences professor, david, helps families in new york.>> what we try to do is bring comfort to the grieving andbereaved. >> one of the biggest nightmaresfor someone who has lost a loved one to coronavirus is that theycannot have them cremated quickly, making bodies build upat crematoriums. -- crematoriums.>> crematoriums do bodies takes hours per person. >> to ease their burden come hefills out paperwork to track every body that the funeral homehas identified, and meticulously, he loads dozens ofcadavers into this rented truck with the help of students.he told us it was very important to put the heaviest bodies atthe bottom, because the boxes are made of cardboard and cangive under the weight of the bodies.once organized, they are transported to crematoriums intoupstate new york or pennsylvania, where they arecremated in days rather than weeks.then, the ashes are returned to the loved ones by mail.>> thank you very much. i appreciate it.peggy: it does not help them with their grieving process ifthe dead is not taken to their place of i am just doing what i have been trained to do my entirelife. peggy: the professor who worksas a volunteer hopes that the bereaved can close a sadchapter. >> a lot of hope is placed onvaccinations that are being distributed this month, thistitanic effort that will take organization and time.>> that is right, ilia. many months will pass before wehave heard immunity and many more before we can go back toour normal activities. ilia:♪ >> on may 25, four white policeofficers were involved in the homicide of an african-americanman. this unleashed protests in theunited states and the rest of the world.angie sandoval takes us through the final eight minutes and 36seconds of the life of george floyd, unlike others on video.angie: in minneapolis, may 25, scene the day was ending likeany other. police had what seemed likeanother arrest, outside a store, a man suspected of passing outcounterfeit money who died after resisting arrest.additionally, the report indicated that he needed medicalattention, but a few hours later, these images, recorded bya pedestrian, told a very different story.the video showed a police officer pressing his left kneeonto the neck of an african-american man who hadbeen handcuffed. on several occasions, he said hecould not breathe. the following day, the imageshad become viral, and the death of george floyd at the hands ofagent derek chauvin took the country from the pandemic toremember once again the racist pandemic in the united states.>> being black in the united states should not be a deathsentence, said the minneapolis mayor, jacob frei, with chauvinand the three officers within fire, but for many inminneapolis, this was not enough, and they took to thestreets. the protests, which beganpeacefully, turned violent. there was looting, and somebusinesses were burned. george floyd his brother askedfor justice and demanded that the agents, the police officers,be arrested, because he said his brother had been executed in thelight of day. other details came to livethanks to recordings by security cameras that called intoquestion the initial report. it all began a little after 8:00p.m., when two police officers arrived on the scene, and one ofthem spoke with floyd, who was behind the wheel of thismercedes-benz suv with other passengers.after that, there was an altercation, and floyd washandcuffed and taken out of the vehicle.this angle from a security camera shows when policeofficers take floyd to the sidewalk and sit him down.authorities say that the arrested man had fallen a fewtimes and seemed to be under the influence of some substance, butno camera showed floyd resisting arrest 8:17, the situation changed. according to reports, officerchauvin and george floyd may have known each other from othercircumstances. both had been security guards ata latino bar in minneapolis until last year, where,according to the owner, floyd was a person beloved bycustomers and fellow employees alike.on may 25, chauvin behaved with floyd as though he was acomplete stranger. as these images show, after heput him in the squad car, floyd tried to does not let you see what happened because of the door,but he ended up on the ground at the back of the police car.from this angle, we see two agents near floyd, who washandcuffed and asking for help. one of them, chauvin, had hisknee on his neck. >> get in the car.>> i will. >> get in the car.>> one officer was asking him to stand up, but floyd said hecould not. he said his stomach hurt, andhis neck hurt. >> get in the car.get up and get in the car. >> little by little, his voiceweakened while he asked for his mother.>> mama. >> at 8:22, the police officerscalled for an ambulance. >> come through.>> they called the incident a "code blue," indicating that thesuspect was having respiratory problems.despite this, the police officer kept his knee on floyds neck.some passersby asked the officers to remove his knee, butthey were told to not get involved.the ambulance finally arrived and takes him, according to thecriminal complaint against chauvin, he kept his knee ongeorge floyds neck for 8:46 even after he lostconsciousness. floyd died after 9:00 p.m. atthe hospital. >> he is in custody and chargedwith murder. >> days later, the announced thearrest of officer derek chauvin for third-degree murder andinvoluntary homicide. >> asking for police reform, thegeorge floyd case brought to light the injustice and racialdisparity in the country and the world.we will be back after a break. >> when we return, accusationsfrom womenision♪ anchor: on april 22, vanessaguillen was seen for the last time at fort hood in texas.her death unleashed a wave of accusations of harassment, womenwho are both women and latinas in the military.>> gigi was a young mother, at the age of 18 in the bronx, newyork, and with a baby in her arms, or possibility seeminglimited. >> i started my first semesterin school, and there was a recruiter there.>> the door that was opening in front of her was the u.s. army.when she was admitted, she was sent to fort hood, texas, whereshe faced which he calls discrimination.gigi: they told me that i was going to cook.they said, "the mexican woman is here.she is going to cook for us." teresa: discrimination is apattern that the investigator recognizes that she has seen.>> 60% is latino or hispanic and the military.teresa: among those, the largest growth in the last two years hasbeen women. in 1973, has women were 1.6% ofthe armed forces. now, they are more than 16%, butthey see that their voices are not always hurt, and at manybases, there is a code of fear and silence.>> nancy rodriguez also joined the army at 18.she dreamt of being a military police officer.because of her gender and appearance, she said that shewas harassed. nancy: if i did something right-- there were some men and some women who would say she got thatbecause she was pretty. >> it is something that botheredher, but she never complains. during one training session,nancy was hurt, and she was sent to another department.under another supervisor. nancy: i saw him almost like afather. teresa: that supervisor was 50years old and had a family, but that did not stop him fromflirting with nancy. >> he would say, "you are verypretty, and given all of the time we have spent together, iam starting to feel attracted to you."i was surprised, and i said, "that is not right."i said, "you are married." teresa: while nancy dealt withharassment at the military base, gigi was sent on a missionabroad. her unit had 250 men and onlysix women. gigi: we went from kuwait toerect. it was days of driving.we arrived very tired. we all fell asleep.teresa: in the middle of the darkness, she woke up abruptlywhen someone covered her face with a bag.gigi: i was being suffocated, and somebody kissed me.i did not know who, and they touched my private parts.>> what did you do? >> i could not scream, becausemy mouth was covered. >> she said no one around hernew what happened, but in her memory, gigi remembers a screentgigi: i smell like what a mechanic smells, so i know itwas a mechanic. >> what did you think when itwas like a dream that someone had abused you?>> even now, i am in therapy. i am on sex life does not exist with my is terrible. teresa: gigi says she reportedthe abuse to her supervisors. gigi: i complained, but i didnot say someone raped me. i said someone is bothering me.teresa: why not, gigi? gigi: because i knew nothingwould happen, and i was also in the middle of a war.these are my brothers in combat. i cannot have enemies.they have to defend me. teresa: the people who needed toprotect nancy also abused their positions of power.she says, referring to her supervisor --nancy: when i went to pick something up at his desk, hecame up to me, and he kissed me. teresa: what was your reaction,nancy, when he kissed you? nancy: i was disgusted.teresa: nancy complained and was transferred to another militarybase, but her previous supervisor did not give up.nancy: he persisted, and he tried facetiming me, and i hadto block him on the phone. teresa: sexual violence anddiscrimination against women in the armed forces seemed to be apart of military culture, a cold and to researcher campos palma.>> there is no justice. 43% of the women who reportedalso said there were repercussions, right?they were punished. >> she knows this firsthand,because she also served for a decade in the forces.>> as a woman and latina, you were also a victim.>> i was a victim of violence, of racism.last year, i testified before congress about racism, as well,in the army. >> i, myself, experiencedassault multiple times. >> it took me years toacknowledge what i went through. i was at a christmas party withpeople i worked with, and i had a man touch me under the table.i was one not at a high rank, and the man who did that wasvery high ranking where we worked in the army.>> what would you recommend to women who are interested injoining the armed services, armed forces?>> my advice would be until there is justice, we should notenlist in the army. >> we asked for an interviewwith the army, but they declined to participate.nancy now takes care of her children.since leaving the armed forces, no one has bothered her, on social media, she is thankful for the intervention ofher superiors, who did everything possible to keep heraway from the person who was harassing her.gigi retired recently, but she says her memories follow her.>> the man, his beard, that brings back memories.i feel anxiety. teresa: you have not spokenpublicly about what happened to you.>> my son is here, listening. he is 19 years old, and he hasnever heard any of this story. my husband knows about mother does not know father, who died, never knew anything.teresa: her message? it is strong.gigi: i do not regret doing it, but i regret the rules thatexist against women. teresa: is there discriminationin the army? >> definitely.teresa: sexual harassment? >> definitely.teresa: many women continue sharing their stories whileofficers recognize that they have a lot to do to gain backtheir trust of women and their families.we will be back with more of 2020.>> what came to make♪ anchor: plastic pollution in theoceans is alarming, according to greenpeace.700 marine species have been affected.every year, over one million birds and 100,000 mammalsbecause a plastic resin news that make their way -- residuesthat make their way to the oceans.this stories presented earlier this year show that we aredrowning in plastic. ♪>> every year in the world, we produce the equivalent of allhumans on earth, 13 million tons of plastic making it to ouroceans every year. and every minute, a garbagetruck full of plastic is dumped into the oceans of the world.>> i would rather die of thirst than buy a plastic bottle.>> the sea used to be cleaner, less, there is fewer fish and more plastic.>> there are studies that show that nano plastic is so small,so tiny, it can fit between tissue and cells.>> from the 1950s, when plaster became popular to make our liveseasier, we got used to many products coming in is cheaper, and since disposable, we believe we canjust throw it away, but that is relative, because plastic nevercompletely leaves our lives. plastic does not degrade, and inone way or another, it returns, but not for us to comes back to live in our organisms, according to auniversity study at newcastle. every week, we ingest andbreathe the equivalent of a credit card in plastic.the problem is in every corner of our planet.our investigation begins in july 2019, when we toured the mayanriviera in mexico. in addition to plastic bottles,the ocean has brought to this beach other products, likedeodorant, for instance, beach sandals.we have also found a lighter, an inhaler for people withrespiratory illness, all of these products made of plastic.♪ >> the mayan riviera is one ofthe most beautiful areas in mexico, right, and it is one ofthe most important ones in terms of economic resources.>> why have things become so bad in mexico?>> i think it is we do not have the capacity to sustain so manytourists. >> mariana works withorganization dedicated to the search for answers of plasticpollution. we were with her.>> a lot of this pollution in the riviera does not come frompeople who live there. it comes from all over theworld. it shows us that we live on justone ocean. it does not matter if youre ineurope or asia. at the end of the day, youractions have an impact on the environment, and there are tonsand tons of it. >> but how is it possible forplastic to travel from one continent to another?the ocean is always moving, as is the help us understand why some garbage accumulates in specificzones, we spoke with fabiola with ocean voyages instituteabout the five vertices. >> these vertices turn.the most important are the north atlantic, south atlantic, indianocean, north pacific, and south pacific.>> the wind, the motion of the earth, they influence theseformations. that is where the garbage endsup. >> this group of scientists,fishermen, and environmentalists are united by one mission,consider the most important mission of their lives.plastic from the oceans, what we consume every day.during this trip, their objective is to get to thepacific, the north pacific, between hawaii and california.>> there is no magic. it is as simple as going to takeout the plastic that we put into the ocean.>> these images correspond to their first trip to what iscalled the great big garbage patch in the north pacific.10 years later, in 2019, they returned for another monumentalcleanup. the ship, called kuai, was ableto collect 10 tons of garbage from the ocean, but this is justthe beginning. imagine the amount of plasticthat accumulates every day. it seems to be an unendingmission, and if we try to do it more frequently, the truth isthere is no global commitment among countries to clean up theplastic that we consume and ends up in the oceans, which belongto us all. >> this is plastic soup.this is so far away. there is so is impossible to clean up. and i know in life that nothingis impossible. it just depends on how muchenergy and effort and resources you are willing to put towardsomething. >> with the credibility of 115,000 miles she has traveled the oceans, mary crowley became anexpert on the topic. the amount of plastic floatingin the ocean that she has found on her trips motivated her totake action. that is how ocean voyages institute was born.mary: sailing is certainly an eco-friendly way.being able to sale gives us greater range, and it feels likean appropriate way to be trying to do something.♪ >> perhaps when you go to thebeach or on a boat, you do not notice it, but the harsh realityis that it is swallowing our planet, the only one we can liveon. the plastic that we consume anddiscard finds its way to the ocean, and the phenomenon isrepeated throughout the world. mexico is the number oneconsumer of bottled water and the second largest consumer ofbottled soda, according to greenpeace.about 90 million bottles of soda and water end up in the ocean,on the street. >> some plastic degrades easily.for instance, this one, number two.this is used to make shampoo bottles.but this breaks so easily because of how it degrades whenit reacts with the sun, the ocean, the saltwater, and itbecomes micro-plastic, and this ends up in animals.>> the fish? >> of the most worrisome concerns is that micro plasticis a threat to our health and the health of many otherspecies. the amount of plastic is so muchthat recycling is not enough. we need urgent action beforethings are too late. we will be back after a break.>>♪ anchor: the covid-19 crisisforced many zoos to close their doors.without visitors and resources, many took extreme measures.some declared bankruptcy, and others are navigating difficulttimes. juan carlos aguiar went to azoo, where they had to implement practices to prevent that noahsark from sinking in the middle of the pandemic.juan: they have been together for almost four decades, sincethey met at the miami zoo. >> she came here a year after idid. i got here in 1980, 40 yearsago, and he arrived in 1981. juan: the passage of time hasnot stopped. >> i saw a picture of you backthen. >> yes.>> with a lot more hair. [laughter]juan: goliath, with slow, firm steps, walks around his space.>> he is the oldest animal at the zoo.he is at least 80 years old. he might live over 150 yearsold. he is a turtle.>> a tortoise. >> another veteran lives nearby.>> he has been here 30 years. he came from hiroshima.>> goliath and toshi were part of a zoo that was badly hit bythe quarantine. >> it was difficult.we did not have money coming in. we lost that money.the zoo lost $2.7 million during that time.>> for some, like goliath, it was easy to adapt to thesolitude. >> the turtles, they do not domuch. they sleep.they see some people walk. that is about it.>> toshi is used to being spoiled, missed those visits.>> he would getcarrots. -- he would get carrots.that was a gift for him, so he would miss people.juan: that is not the first time he met 1992, he was almost crushed to death when a crane arrivedand landed near him after a hurricane.toshi is a survivor. >> normally, a black rhino likehim only lives 30, 35 years, but he is 43.juan: like him, all of the animals at the miami zoo hadtheir routines changed because of the pandemic, some more thanothers. [birds chirping]juan: for the first time, ron magill, who has been thecommunications director for the zoo, was able to record thesounds of the birds without any interference.>> there was always a plane, a car, people talking on theradio, and when there are a lot of people, birds have to hide inthe trees or on the ground. juan: it is an opportunity henever managed possible. ron: for me, it is wonderful tosee these birds acting naturally, singing, buildingnests, taking care of their children.juan: what the pandemic was unable to do or the confinementof humans was to change the natural cycle of life.this animal was born during the pandemic.>> the mother took care of him. when he came out here, there wasno human to see. juan: this species isendangered. >> there are fewer than 300 inthe world. juan: you heard right.there are only about 300 in their natural habitat in theentire world. its meat is in high demand.this zoo was close for many months, one of the largest inthe entire world, and each year, it welcomes about one millionvisitors. this time was enough for expertsto see how much these animals need to interact with humanbeings. monkeys did not have anyoneapplauding them for their tricks, and animals were notable to show off their heavy walks, and no one admired thetranquility of the camels. >> during this time, when we hadto close everything because of the quarantine, look at nature.look how nature opened. birds were singing more.animals were going places they never did before.juan: the ones who suffered the lack of visitors the most wherethese giants, used to having young and old giving them food.>> they were in peace, but they were looking around, wonderingwhere their leaves or their carrots were.>> they move slowly. they push out there longtongues, and they even allow photographs to be taken of them.2.5 months without any visitors, no children to learn from them.>> it is very important to plant that seed, especially inchildren, to take care of animals, to appreciate animals,do not see these children connecting with animals, thatwas very hard. -- to not see them connectingwas very hard. juan: with a slow return tonormalcy, the zoo reopen their doors with safety precautions.>> everyone has to wear a mask to enter the zoo.we have to maintain social distancing.we have hand sanitizers throughout.we closed several exhibits that still have not reopened.juan: the risk is there, and ron magill, with his experience,knows it. ron: we are a little scared with70 people coming in. >> 72 years of existence, thiszoo has been closed several times.>> we had a big fire. we have had several hurricanes.irma. wilma.>> but nothing like what was experienced in the last fewmonths. >> when it was close, everythingwas fine. the sky was blue.the weather was beautiful. there was not a human beinginside. that was weird for me.i hope it never happens again. juan: for now, toshi, goliath,and all of their friends are enjoying the return of theiradmirers, not knowing exactly what had happened.anchor: the miami city zoo continues to be opened withreduced capacity. the financial losses are above$6 million and will continue to increase as the crisiscontinues. the good news is that thet suspe someone in a wheelchair.>> a special edition of "aqui y ahora" next sunday.>> that brings us to the end of this addition.on behalf of everyone who makes this possible, we wish you ahappy end of the year with your loved ones.>> and best wishes for 2021. thank you, truly, for

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