>> tonight come on a special
edition of "aqui y ahora,"doctors and nurses trying to
avoid risks and chaos.>> i understood i was a danger
to my own family.>> racial and social tensions
have exacerbated because ofunemployment and an economy that
has collapsed and an epidemicthat has left hundreds of
thousands of deaths.veterans reveal a culture of
sexual harassment that they haveendured in silence.
>> what can you do?>> i could not scream, because
he covered my mouth.>> it is the threat against our
health and our oceans, damagingmarine life and contaminating
what we eat.>> nano plastics are so small
that they can get betweentissues and cells.
>> as though it were a noahsark, a zoo prepared itself the
best they could for thepandemic.
now, they have other challenges.>> it was difficult.
we could not let people in.we lost a lot of money, $2.7
million loss.>> the stories of 2020.
>> the year has affectedeconomies, brought us to our
knees, and caused ruptures inour habits and our lives. hello,
i am teresa rodriguez.ilia: hello.
i am ilia calderon.welcome to "aqui y ahora."
new york was the epicenter ofthe crisis be what follows is a
compilation of some of thereports prepared for univision
about the pandemic that haschanged us.
>> the decline in the curve ofcovid-19 is not visible at this
ambulance company, where secondsfeel like minutes, with hundreds
of calls a day.they have their hands full.
>> we have got to see if thepatients need oxygen.
peggy: the motto of the team isto take the emergency room to
patients.when they arrive at one of these
homes, they find the firemenwere already there.
their protective suits indicatethe danger that all of them are
facing.>> a woman who could barely
breathe next to her infectedhusband.
>> your oxygen right now isdoing well.
it has gone up it it was 95.now, it is 98.
ok?you want to go to the hospital?
>> yes.i just want to be safe.
peggy: the patient was lucky andwas taken to the hospital.
other times, up to eight peoplemight be declared dead in a
single day by a paramedic.a good day for them is when they
do not have any deaths.those days are few,
unfortunately.michael knows what the virus can
do after becoming sick himself.he says the job is now much more
personal.>> to understand what they are
going through is very emotional.peggy: for ernesto, the
question is not when they willget sick.
they continue to evaluate therisks.
>> they are considered heroes,but health workers like diana
torres, for her, the truth isbittersweet.
>> my mother died, and life goeson.
peggy: every new covid-19patient keeps her from her
family, isolated in the attic,where she gets ready to go to
work.she has not hugged her three
children in over one month,confined on the first floor of
the house with her husband.meanwhile, her mother-in-law is
quarantined on the second floor.diana: it was a difficult
decision to be with my family,but when you see the possibility
of what i could do, it was toolate.
i had been exposed at such alevel that i knew i was a danger
to my family.peggy: she works more than
12-hour shifts.and socialization is limited to
sharing a donated meal with hercolleagues who, like her, could
be infected without knowing it.it is the only human contact
that her patients have when theydie.
diana: one of them died on me,and when i asked for someone to
n and -- a patient dead,the doctor came in, and the
first thing i said to her isthat he had not died alone.
peggy: diana says one of hermost difficult tasks is to clean
the bodies of her patients andput them in special body bags
and send them to this morgue.it makes her cleaning routine
when she returns home much morecomplicated.
before she goes into the atticfor a few minutes, she is able
to be a mother.diana: make sure you brush your
teeth and go to bed soon.peggy: for now, her only
satisfaction is seeing a patientrecover, but she fears that this
could be lost with another surgein infections, and her family
would have to pay the priceagain.
the peak of the pandemic is adark time in new york.
here, over 800 deaths werereported in a single day.
overburdening hospitals andfuneral homes.
and pushing thousands offamilies into grief.
they were unable to hug theirloved ones because of the
restrictions.♪anchor: looking for bodies is
how omar rodriguez spends hisdays.
he went to jackson heights,queens, the so-called epicenter.
he was not able to give thebereaved a date for the
cremation.>> we are backed up.
the crematoriums in queens donot have any space for another
20 days.>> other days, they have to look
for bodies in morgues, which ismore difficult.
>> some of these morgues arebuses or trucks, and they have
people who died in march beneaththe bodies into -- of those who
died in april, and they willkeep putting them in these
trucks until we can find thesebodies.
>>s telephone does not stopringing.
between phone calls come heexplains to families that,
unfortunately, funeral servicesare no longer an option.
his chapel is now a repositoryfor bodies.
>> watch my back.watch my back.
>> with this truck, the mortuarysciences professor, david, helps
families in new york.>> what we try to do is bring
comfort to the grieving andbereaved.
>> one of the biggest nightmaresfor someone who has lost a loved
one to coronavirus is that theycannot have them cremated
quickly, making bodies build upat crematoriums.
-- crematoriums.>> crematoriums do bodies
individually.it takes hours per person.
>> to ease their burden come hefills out paperwork to track
every body that the funeral homehas identified, and
meticulously, he loads dozens ofcadavers into this rented truck
with the help of students.he told us it was very important
to put the heaviest bodies atthe bottom, because the boxes
are made of cardboard and cangive under the weight of the
bodies.once organized, they are
transported to crematoriums intoupstate new york or
pennsylvania, where they arecremated in days rather than
weeks.then, the ashes are returned to
the loved ones by mail.>> thank you very much.
i appreciate it.peggy: it does not help them
with their grieving process ifthe dead is not taken to their
place of rest.so i am just doing what i have
been trained to do my entirelife.
peggy: the professor who worksas a volunteer hopes that the
bereaved can close a sadchapter.
>> a lot of hope is placed onvaccinations that are being
distributed this month, thistitanic effort that will take
organization and time.>> that is right, ilia.
many months will pass before wehave heard immunity and many
more before we can go back toour normal activities.
>> on may 25, four white policeofficers were involved in the
homicide of an african-americanman.
this unleashed protests in theunited states and the rest of
the world.angie sandoval takes us through
the final eight minutes and 36seconds of the life of george
floyd, unlike others on video.angie: in minneapolis, may 25,
scene the day was ending likeany other.
police had what seemed likeanother arrest, outside a store,
a man suspected of passing outcounterfeit money who died after
resisting arrest.additionally, the report
indicated that he needed medicalattention, but a few hours
later, these images, recorded bya pedestrian, told a very
different story.the video showed a police
officer pressing his left kneeonto the neck of an
african-american man who hadbeen handcuffed.
on several occasions, he said hecould not breathe.
the following day, the imageshad become viral, and the death
of george floyd at the hands ofagent derek chauvin took the
country from the pandemic toremember once again the racist
pandemic in the united states.>> being black in the united
states should not be a deathsentence, said the minneapolis
mayor, jacob frei, with chauvinand the three officers within
fire, but for many inminneapolis, this was not
enough, and they took to thestreets.
the protests, which beganpeacefully, turned violent.
there was looting, and somebusinesses were burned.
george floyd his brother askedfor justice and demanded that
the agents, the police officers,be arrested, because he said his
brother had been executed in thelight of day.
other details came to livethanks to recordings by security
cameras that called intoquestion the initial report.
it all began a little after 8:00p.m., when two police officers
arrived on the scene, and one ofthem spoke with floyd, who was
behind the wheel of thismercedes-benz suv with other
passengers.after that, there was an
altercation, and floyd washandcuffed and taken out of the
vehicle.this angle from a security
camera shows when policeofficers take floyd to the
sidewalk and sit him down.authorities say that the
arrested man had fallen a fewtimes and seemed to be under the
influence of some substance, butno camera showed floyd resisting
arrest violently.at 8:17, the situation changed.
according to reports, officerchauvin and george floyd may
have known each other from othercircumstances.
both had been security guards ata latino bar in minneapolis
until last year, where,according to the owner, floyd
was a person beloved bycustomers and fellow employees
alike.on may 25, chauvin behaved with
floyd as though he was acomplete stranger.
as these images show, after heput him in the squad car, floyd
tried to escape.it does not let you see what
happened because of the door,but he ended up on the ground at
the back of the police car.from this angle, we see two
agents near floyd, who washandcuffed and asking for help.
one of them, chauvin, had hisknee on his neck.
>> get in the car.>> i will.
>> get in the car.>> one officer was asking him to
stand up, but floyd said hecould not.
he said his stomach hurt, andhis neck hurt.
>> get in the car.get up and get in the car.
>> little by little, his voiceweakened while he asked for his
>> at 8:22, the police officerscalled for an ambulance.
>> come through.>> they called the incident a
"code blue," indicating that thesuspect was having respiratory
problems.despite this, the police officer
kept his knee on floyds neck.some passersby asked the
officers to remove his knee, butthey were told to not get
involved.the ambulance finally arrived
and takes him, according to thecriminal complaint against
chauvin, he kept his knee ongeorge floyds neck for 8:46
even after he lostconsciousness.
floyd died after 9:00 p.m. atthe hospital.
>> he is in custody and chargedwith murder.
>> days later, the announced thearrest of officer derek chauvin
for third-degree murder andinvoluntary homicide.
>> asking for police reform, thegeorge floyd case brought to
light the injustice and racialdisparity in the country and the
world.we will be back after a break.
>> when we return, accusationsfrom womenision♪
anchor: on april 22, vanessaguillen was seen for the last
time at fort hood in texas.her death unleashed a wave of
accusations of harassment, womenwho are both women and latinas
in the military.>> gigi was a young mother, at
the age of 18 in the bronx, newyork, and with a baby in her
arms, or possibility seeminglimited.
>> i started my first semesterin school, and there was a
recruiter there.>> the door that was opening in
front of her was the u.s. army.when she was admitted, she was
sent to fort hood, texas, whereshe faced which he calls
discrimination.gigi: they told me that i was
going to cook.they said, "the mexican woman is
here.she is going to cook for us."
teresa: discrimination is apattern that the investigator
recognizes that she has seen.>> 60% is latino or hispanic and
the military.teresa: among those, the largest
growth in the last two years hasbeen women.
in 1973, has women were 1.6% ofthe armed forces.
now, they are more than 16%, butthey see that their voices are
not always hurt, and at manybases, there is a code of fear
and silence.>> nancy rodriguez also joined
the army at 18.she dreamt of being a military
police officer.because of her gender and
appearance, she said that shewas harassed.
nancy: if i did something right-- there were some men and some
women who would say she got thatbecause she was pretty.
>> it is something that botheredher, but she never complains.
during one training session,nancy was hurt, and she was sent
to another department.under another supervisor.
nancy: i saw him almost like afather.
teresa: that supervisor was 50years old and had a family, but
that did not stop him fromflirting with nancy.
>> he would say, "you are verypretty, and given all of the
time we have spent together, iam starting to feel attracted to
you."i was surprised, and i said,
"that is not right."i said, "you are married."
teresa: while nancy dealt withharassment at the military base,
gigi was sent on a missionabroad.
her unit had 250 men and onlysix women.
gigi: we went from kuwait toerect.
it was days of driving.we arrived very tired.
we all fell asleep.teresa: in the middle of the
darkness, she woke up abruptlywhen someone covered her face
with a bag.gigi: i was being suffocated,
and somebody kissed me.i did not know who, and they
touched my private parts.>> what did you do?
>> i could not scream, becausemy mouth was covered.
>> she said no one around hernew what happened, but in her
memory, gigi remembers a screentgigi: i smell like what a
mechanic smells, so i know itwas a mechanic.
>> what did you think when itwas like a dream that someone
had abused you?>> even now, i am in therapy.
i am on medication.my sex life does not exist with
my husband.it is terrible.
teresa: gigi says she reportedthe abuse to her supervisors.
gigi: i complained, but i didnot say someone raped me.
i said someone is bothering me.teresa: why not, gigi?
gigi: because i knew nothingwould happen, and i was also in
the middle of a war.these are my brothers in combat.
i cannot have enemies.they have to defend me.
teresa: the people who needed toprotect nancy also abused their
positions of power.she says, referring to her
supervisor --nancy: when i went to pick
something up at his desk, hecame up to me, and he kissed me.
teresa: what was your reaction,nancy, when he kissed you?
nancy: i was disgusted.teresa: nancy complained and was
transferred to another militarybase, but her previous
supervisor did not give up.nancy: he persisted, and he
tried facetiming me, and i hadto block him on the phone.
teresa: sexual violence anddiscrimination against women in
the armed forces seemed to be apart of military culture, a cold
and to researcher campos palma.>> there is no justice.
43% of the women who reportedalso said there were
repercussions, right?they were punished.
>> she knows this firsthand,because she also served for a
decade in the forces.>> as a woman and latina, you
were also a victim.>> i was a victim of violence,
of racism.last year, i testified before
congress about racism, as well,in the army.
>> i, myself, experiencedassault multiple times.
>> it took me years toacknowledge what i went through.
i was at a christmas party withpeople i worked with, and i had
a man touch me under the table.i was one not at a high rank,
and the man who did that wasvery high ranking where we
worked in the army.>> what would you recommend to
women who are interested injoining the armed services,
armed forces?>> my advice would be until
there is justice, we should notenlist in the army.
>> we asked for an interviewwith the army, but they declined
to participate.nancy now takes care of her
children.since leaving the armed forces,
no one has bothered her again.now, on social media, she is
thankful for the intervention ofher superiors, who did
everything possible to keep heraway from the person who was
harassing her.gigi retired recently, but she
says her memories follow her.>> the man, his beard, that
brings back memories.i feel anxiety.
teresa: you have not spokenpublicly about what happened to
you.>> my son is here, listening.
he is 19 years old, and he hasnever heard any of this story.
my husband knows about it.my mother does not know
anything.my father, who died, never knew
anything.teresa: her message?
it is strong.gigi: i do not regret doing it,
but i regret the rules thatexist against women.
teresa: is there discriminationin the army?
>> definitely.teresa: sexual harassment?
>> definitely.teresa: many women continue
sharing their stories whileofficers recognize that they
have a lot to do to gain backtheir trust of women and their
families.we will be back with more of
2020.>> what came to make♪
anchor: plastic pollution in theoceans is alarming, according to
greenpeace.700 marine species have been
affected.every year, over one million
birds and 100,000 mammalsbecause a plastic resin news
that make their way -- residuesthat make their way to the
oceans.this stories presented earlier
this year show that we aredrowning in plastic.
♪>> every year in the world, we
produce the equivalent of allhumans on earth, 13 million tons
of plastic making it to ouroceans every year.
and every minute, a garbagetruck full of plastic is dumped
into the oceans of the world.>> i would rather die of thirst
than buy a plastic bottle.>> the sea used to be cleaner,
less plastic.now, there is fewer fish and
more plastic.>> there are studies that show
that nano plastic is so small,so tiny, it can fit between
tissue and cells.>> from the 1950s, when plaster
became popular to make our liveseasier, we got used to many
products coming in plastic.it is cheaper, and since
disposable, we believe we canjust throw it away, but that is
relative, because plastic nevercompletely leaves our lives.
plastic does not degrade, and inone way or another, it returns,
but not for us to use.it comes back to live in our
organisms, according to auniversity study at newcastle.
every week, we ingest andbreathe the equivalent of a
credit card in plastic.the problem is in every corner
of our planet.our investigation begins in july
2019, when we toured the mayanriviera in mexico.
in addition to plastic bottles,the ocean has brought to this
beach other products, likedeodorant, for instance, beach
sandals.we have also found a lighter, an
inhaler for people withrespiratory illness, all of
these products made of plastic.♪
>> the mayan riviera is one ofthe most beautiful areas in
mexico, right, and it is one ofthe most important ones in terms
of economic resources.>> why have things become so bad
in mexico?>> i think it is we do not have
the capacity to sustain so manytourists.
>> mariana works withorganization dedicated to the
search for answers of plasticpollution.
we were with her.>> a lot of this pollution in
the riviera does not come frompeople who live there.
it comes from all over theworld.
it shows us that we live on justone ocean.
it does not matter if youre ineurope or asia.
at the end of the day, youractions have an impact on the
environment, and there are tonsand tons of it.
>> but how is it possible forplastic to travel from one
continent to another?the ocean is always moving, as
is the earth.to help us understand why some
garbage accumulates in specificzones, we spoke with fabiola
with ocean voyages instituteabout the five vertices.
>> these vertices turn.the most important are the north
atlantic, south atlantic, indianocean, north pacific, and south
pacific.>> the wind, the motion of the
earth, they influence theseformations.
that is where the garbage endsup.
>> this group of scientists,fishermen, and environmentalists
are united by one mission,consider the most important
mission of their lives.plastic from the oceans, what we
consume every day.during this trip, their
objective is to get to thepacific, the north pacific,
between hawaii and california.>> there is no magic.
it is as simple as going to takeout the plastic that we put into
the ocean.>> these images correspond to
their first trip to what iscalled the great big garbage
patch in the north pacific.10 years later, in 2019, they
returned for another monumentalcleanup.
the ship, called kuai, was ableto collect 10 tons of garbage
from the ocean, but this is justthe beginning.
imagine the amount of plasticthat accumulates every day.
it seems to be an unendingmission, and if we try to do it
more frequently, the truth isthere is no global commitment
among countries to clean up theplastic that we consume and ends
up in the oceans, which belongto us all.
>> this is plastic soup.this is so far away.
there is so much.it is impossible to clean up.
and i know in life that nothingis impossible.
it just depends on how muchenergy and effort and resources
you are willing to put towardsomething.
>> with the credibility of 115,000 miles she has traveled the
oceans, mary crowley became anexpert on the topic.
the amount of plastic floatingin the ocean that she has found
on her trips motivated her totake action. that is how ocean
voyages institute was born.mary: sailing is certainly an
eco-friendly way.being able to sale gives us
greater range, and it feels likean appropriate way to be trying
to do something.♪
>> perhaps when you go to thebeach or on a boat, you do not
notice it, but the harsh realityis that it is swallowing our
planet, the only one we can liveon.
the plastic that we consume anddiscard finds its way to the
ocean, and the phenomenon isrepeated throughout the world.
mexico is the number oneconsumer of bottled water and
the second largest consumer ofbottled soda, according to
greenpeace.about 90 million bottles of soda
and water end up in the ocean,on the street.
>> some plastic degrades easily.for instance, this one, number
two.this is used to make shampoo
bottles.but this breaks so easily
because of how it degrades whenit reacts with the sun, the
ocean, the saltwater, and itbecomes micro-plastic, and this
ends up in animals.>> the fish?
>> yes.one of the most worrisome
concerns is that micro plasticis a threat to our health and
the health of many otherspecies.
the amount of plastic is so muchthat recycling is not enough.
we need urgent action beforethings are too late.
we will be back after a break.>>♪
anchor: the covid-19 crisisforced many zoos to close their
doors.without visitors and resources,
many took extreme measures.some declared bankruptcy, and
others are navigating difficulttimes.
juan carlos aguiar went to azoo, where they had to implement
practices to prevent that noahsark from sinking in the middle
of the pandemic.juan: they have been together
for almost four decades, sincethey met at the miami zoo.
>> she came here a year after idid.
i got here in 1980, 40 yearsago, and he arrived in 1981.
juan: the passage of time hasnot stopped.
>> i saw a picture of you backthen.
>> yes.>> with a lot more hair.
[laughter]juan: goliath, with slow, firm
steps, walks around his space.>> he is the oldest animal at
the zoo.he is at least 80 years old.
he might live over 150 yearsold.
he is a turtle.>> a tortoise.
>> another veteran lives nearby.>> he has been here 30 years.
he came from hiroshima.>> goliath and toshi were part
of a zoo that was badly hit bythe quarantine.
>> it was difficult.we did not have money coming in.
we lost that money.the zoo lost $2.7 million during
that time.>> for some, like goliath, it
was easy to adapt to thesolitude.
>> the turtles, they do not domuch.
they sleep.they see some people walk.
that is about it.>> toshi is used to being
spoiled, missed those visits.>> he would getcarrots.
-- he would get carrots.that was a gift for him, so he
would miss people.juan: that is not the first time
he met difficulties.in 1992, he was almost crushed
to death when a crane arrivedand landed near him after a
hurricane.toshi is a survivor.
>> normally, a black rhino likehim only lives 30, 35 years, but
he is 43.juan: like him, all of the
animals at the miami zoo hadtheir routines changed because
of the pandemic, some more thanothers.
[birds chirping]juan: for the first time, ron
magill, who has been thecommunications director for the
zoo, was able to record thesounds of the birds without any
interference.>> there was always a plane, a
car, people talking on theradio, and when there are a lot
of people, birds have to hide inthe trees or on the ground.
juan: it is an opportunity henever managed possible.
ron: for me, it is wonderful tosee these birds acting
naturally, singing, buildingnests, taking care of their
children.juan: what the pandemic was
unable to do or the confinementof humans was to change the
natural cycle of life.this animal was born during the
pandemic.>> the mother took care of him.
when he came out here, there wasno human to see.
juan: this species isendangered.
>> there are fewer than 300 inthe world.
juan: you heard right.there are only about 300 in
their natural habitat in theentire world.
its meat is in high demand.this zoo was close for many
months, one of the largest inthe entire world, and each year,
it welcomes about one millionvisitors.
this time was enough for expertsto see how much these animals
need to interact with humanbeings.
monkeys did not have anyoneapplauding them for their
tricks, and animals were notable to show off their heavy
walks, and no one admired thetranquility of the camels.
>> during this time, when we hadto close everything because of
the quarantine, look at nature.look how nature opened.
birds were singing more.animals were going places they
never did before.juan: the ones who suffered the
lack of visitors the most wherethese giants, used to having
young and old giving them food.>> they were in peace, but they
were looking around, wonderingwhere their leaves or their
carrots were.>> they move slowly.
they push out there longtongues, and they even allow
photographs to be taken of them.2.5 months without any visitors,
no children to learn from them.>> it is very important to plant
that seed, especially inchildren, to take care of
animals, to appreciate animals,do not see these children
connecting with animals, thatwas very hard.
-- to not see them connectingwas very hard.
juan: with a slow return tonormalcy, the zoo reopen their
doors with safety precautions.>> everyone has to wear a mask
to enter the zoo.we have to maintain social
distancing.we have hand sanitizers
throughout.we closed several exhibits that
still have not reopened.juan: the risk is there, and ron
magill, with his experience,knows it.
ron: we are a little scared with70 people coming in.
>> 72 years of existence, thiszoo has been closed several
times.>> we had a big fire.
we have had several hurricanes.irma.
wilma.>> but nothing like what was
experienced in the last fewmonths.
>> when it was close, everythingwas fine.
the sky was blue.the weather was beautiful.
there was not a human beinginside.
that was weird for me.i hope it never happens again.
juan: for now, toshi, goliath,and all of their friends are
enjoying the return of theiradmirers, not knowing exactly
what had happened.anchor: the miami city zoo
continues to be opened withreduced capacity.
the financial losses are above$6 million and will continue to
increase as the crisiscontinues.
the good news is that thet suspe
someone in a wheelchair.>> a special edition of "aqui y
ahora" next sunday.>> that brings us to the end of
this addition.on behalf of everyone who makes
this possible, we wish you ahappy end of the year with your
loved ones.>> and best wishes for 2021.
thank you, truly, for