>> lets get to the point.
there were over 300,000 peoplewho have died from covid.
this week, these firstvaccinations against the
coronavirus were given.he will speak with a doctor who
received the vaccination.will you get the vaccine or talk
to -- we talked to one personuber dissipated in the moderna
test -- who participated in themoderna test.
he is now part of the newcabinet.
--tell us how to make a hit that
lasts half of a century.we begin now.
♪>> lets get to the point.
al punto with jorge ramos.♪
>> at the getting of this week,--
in addition to the pfizervaccine, another vaccine by
moderna was authorized, whichmeans millions of people will be
inoculated at a moment when over300,000 people have died with
covid-19.one of the first people to
receive the vaccine last mondaywas dr. paula eckardt.
thank you for being with us.>> thank you very much, it is a
pleasure.>> what arm did you get the
vaccine in, and how do you feel?>> in my left arm, because i use
it less.i got it on monday.
i feel good.the truth is, i have not felt
differently.i cant say i have felt bad.
>> why were you chosen?>> i am they had of infectious
diseases at memorial hospitaland since march, -- i am the
head of infectious diseases atmemorial hospital and i was one
of the first to see the firstpatient arrive at the hospital,
so i was always involved.the important thing for me was
to give an example, especiallybeing a latino woman, it is
important i be among the firstto get the vaccine.
>> it is interesting you aretalking about setting an
example, because according to asurvey, 22% of latinos do not
want the vaccine.>> what happens is there is a
lot of disinformation on socialmedia, also culturally.
also in my family, there are alot of people who are afraid.
people read in different socialmedia.
ethic it is important to see --i think it is important to see
the latino community -- ratesare -- disproportionately high
for latinos, and we tend to havesevere complications.
-- it is one of the mosteffective communities.
we need to not be so afraid.we can avoid death in our
community by getting thevaccine.
>> would you please let me knowhow the vaccine works?
does that mean the virus cannotaffect you?
does that mean you do get thevirus and your body reacts
differently?how does that work?
>> in the trial that pfizer did,that included over 40,000
people, and there was anappropriate percentage of
latinos.what it does is we form
antibodies against a specificparticulate in the virus.
what was shown is that 95% ofpatients who were inoculated
with the vaccine do not developan illness serious enough to
require hospitalization.what we dont know right now is
if -- and this might happen withthe influenza vaccine as well,
that we might still beinfective, -- infected, but we
will have a less serious illnessand the other question would be,
if we have the disease, if wecould still be contagious or
not.definitely, it did protect
people from having an illnessthat would take them to the
hospital, and that is what weneed right now, because we are
seeing many people hospitalized.>> that is to say you were
vaccinated, but we dont know ifyou might still be contagious.
>> we believe that is not thecase.
that if i were to be infected, iwould have a disease that would
be i would not have viral loadto be contagious.
but to answer your question, westill do not have at this
moment.>> with his massive -- with this
massive vaccination, do youbelieve the number of
hospitalizations and the numberof deaths in the united states
will diminish, or do we need tocontinue to protect ourselves?
>> it will not dropautomatically.
we need to continue using masks,we need to continue practicing
social distancing.but as people develop immunity
and more of us are vaccinated,we will reach a point that we
want to get to.it is a process that will not be
fast, but we have a light at theend of everything we have
excipients.>> dr. paula exckardt, thank you
for talking with us.mike pence was vaccinated on
friday.donald trump will not be
vaccinated until the medicalteam recommends -- donald trump
was diagnosed with covid-19 atthe beginning of october.
president-elect joe biden sayshe will be vaccinated this week,
and former presidents george w.bush and barack obama will also
be vaccinated soon.you and your family will be able
to get a vaccine if you want itbut before that, we know you
have a lot of questions.we asked a public health
specialist and a professor atthe university to answer your
questions.before we get to the questions,
i would like to ask, do you knowif you got the vaccine or the
placebo from the modernacompany?
>> it is a pleasure to be here.we see the letter and it will
tell us in the next couple ofweeks, letting us know if we
received a placebo, and we willget a vaccine, or if we do not
need the vaccine anymore.>> if you got the placebo, you
may get the actual vaccine?>> yes, that is what the
volunteers were told.>> i am a worker without health
insurance.how can i get the covid vaccine?
>> if he doesnt have healthinsurance, can he get the
vaccine?>> what they havent said yet is
that the vaccine is notrestricted to anybody.
it is in the natural -- it is inthe national interest that we
all get vaccines.i would tell him to go to the
closest vaccination center to doit.
>> will it also be free?>> yes.
the federal government has saidthe covid-19 vaccine in the
united states will be free.>> the second question is from
patricia.>> i am a street lander.
when can i get my vaccine?i own my own business and do not
have health insurance.>> where can people without
health insurance go?perhaps with another doctor or a
pharmacy?what did they do?
>> -- what do they do?>> for this vaccination plan,
they are going to start makingcalls out.
they dont have enough vaccinesyet, and the few we do have ours
-- are going to specific groups.for instance, health care
professionals and professionalsin the health care system, and
older people in assisted livingfacilities and nursing homes.
we also need to be aware, whenpeople say that people with
certain risk factors like highblood pressure, obesity, it is
their turn, that is when theywill start announcing where
these vaccinations will takeplace.
what i would tell the lady is toplease pay attention to see
where she will have to go.>> the next question comes from
juan.who is eligible?
who can have an allergicreaction?
how might we know how manystudies or how can i know if the
vaccine is going to affect meand my organisms?
>> the question is veryappropriate.
two people who received thepfizer vaccine got major
allergic reactions.how do we know that we wont
experience that type ofreaction?
>> that is a good question.there is no way to know if you
will have that kind of reactionor not.
the cdc said last week when theyapproved the vaccine that people
who have had an allergy to aninjection to speak with their
doctor because it is likely thatthere arent -- there are
certain chemicals in the liquidthat are causing these allergic
reactions.i would say that we are all
candidates, but the cdc isdetermining that we are starting
first with people working in thehealth care system, then older
people in nursing homes andassisted living facilities,
because they only have 6% of thecases but 40% of the deaths.
ultimately, we will all bevaccinated at the right moment.
>> olivia is also a worker, andshe has the next question.
>> what worries me about thevaccine is that it may not be
effective and may cause moreharm.
>> how do we know if the vaccineis effective, if what we are
getting will protect us?>> that is an excellent
question.for that, we have the phase 1, 2
and three clinical trials.these phase three clinical
trials with pfizer and modernahave been analyzed by
independent scientists.they are a group that consults
with the fda.these independent scientists say
it is 95% or more, for pfizerand 94% or more for the dharna
-- for moderna.i ask people to please trust
what these scientists are doing.these vaccines were designed
with the scientific method andthe reason they have come out so
soon is not because they cutcorners but because much of the
preclinical phase had alreadybeen done when they worked
against sars and mers.the other thing, the three
phases have already happened, sowe have to believe in these
vaccines.>> the next question is from
mario.>> one of the questions that our
community has is what is in thevaccine?
there is a lot of information insocial media.
some people think that thevaccine has the same virus that
is battling against -- that itis battling against.
>> that is a good question.on social media, there are a lot
of conspiracy theories that arefalse and information that is
completely false.so what is in the vaccine?
>> these new approved vaccinesare innovative because they have
the genetic code, little bits ofthe code of the virus, that the
virus uses to develop antennae.when you get the vaccine, your
body gets those things, and itproduces antibodies.
another kind of vaccine usesantigens.
others use the entire virus.others use a cold vaccine that
have received portions of thisvaccine to provoke a defense
response.none of these four platforms
inject the complete virus.dont believe people who say you
are going to get the virus andbecome sick.
that is not going to happen.on the other hand, there are
people saying with this vaccineparticularly, it will affect
your genome and you will bemutant humans and be a type of
walking chimp.>> and if they are going to
implement -- implant microchips.>> these are like an egg with a
yoke and a white.there is no way these vaccines
can change our genome.>> thank you as always.
>> thank you.>> to continue with this topic,
for now you cant get a specificdate of when you will be
vaccinated, but univision.comhas a reference to how the
vaccine might be distributed inthe area where you live.
open your cell phone camera anduse this code.
select the state where you live.lets use california.
also choose the county.lets say los angeles county.
the third step is to select thegroup you belong to.
essential workers would bevaccinated during phase two.
it is estimated that there areover 400,000 essential workers
in los angeles, and before then,1.5 million people would have
received the vaccine.there are four phases and we are
barely in the first one.go to univision.com/mivacuna to
see when you could get thevaccine.
next, we will talk to a doctoraristoteles sandoval.
>> all latino people in congressare part of the hispanic caucus.
he has been in congress since2012.
he is part of the new latinopower, congressman and dr. raul
ruiz is with us.thank you for being with us.
>> it is a pleasure.>> i would like to ask you about
your new post in congress, butlets talk about california,
your state.what went wrong?
>> the same reason things arebad everywhere in the country.
there are many people who gottogether on thanksgiving, and
they are still getting togetherduring these holidays.
>> what needs to be done?do you think that the vaccine is
enough, or do you estimate therewill be another two or three
months but will be difficult inthe country?
>> we will have another two orthree months that will be very
difficult.we know the vaccine wont have
an effect until a month, maybesix weeks after the vaccine is
administered, because it needstwo doses.
it is also a process that willtake place in phases.
most people will not be able toget the vaccine for another
month or two.>> you are one of the few
members of congress who is apolitician and a doctor.
when will you get vaccinated?>> i will get vaccinated during
phase three, because i donthave chronic illness.
but people, especially latinoswho are at high risk, who are
not in nursing homes, forexample or who are not doctors,
people with diabetes, asthma,people who work in high-risk
jobs which is a majority oflatinos, they will be dave --
they will be able to obtain avaccine during phase two.
>> im going to set aside thepandemic topic and talk about
politics.donald trump is leaving.
what will his legacy be?>> donald trumps fame will come
from the mistake and the crimesagainst humanity he has
committee -- committed, not justchildren on the border, but
attacking democracy, and takingus to the breaking point,
challenging our trust ingovernment.
>> what does joe biden need todo, to restore faith among those
who did not vote for him?>> he needs to extend a hand,
and show people how presidentdonald trump damaged our country
and our democracy.we also need to do something
about the media, because thereis a cycle, where they are only
listening to one point of view,news from an extreme minority in
our country.we need to put out more
information based on truth, notlies.
we need to be transparent, sopeople can see what we need to
do is protect our democracy.we need to promote movements to
benefit the people, not just therich and powerful like president
trump.>> you have just been named
president of the hispaniccaucus.
congratulations on that post.what is your primary challenge?
your voice will be heard morethan before.
>> the first thing we need to dois save lives, and as a doctor
and as a public healthprofessional, we need to bring
the necessary resources to thelatino community to save lives,
to give treatment, to gettesting, to have access to
quarantine, to help thecommunity.
not just with the vaccine, butalso to promote education and
have more access to the internetand money for our families and
small business owners.we also need to begin changing
the laws, changing the executiveorders that president trump
enacted.we will work very hard with
president-elect biden to undosome of those damaging executive
orders.>> dr. and congressman raul ruiz
, thank you for being with us.>> a police state cannot rule
with brute force.they will not confiscate
journalism, never.it will not stop the free press
from informing people.and showing you what you are to
the nicaraguans and the world.>> these are words from
nicaraguan journalist, carlosfernando chamorro.
authorities stopped a protest hewas holding two years ago.
his newspaper, confidencial canbe found online.
carlos tells us he will not besilenced.
it is good to see you.to say that in nicaragua is
saying a lot.>> thank you.
>> what happened?we saw the video where security
forces put you -- pushed youaway from the building, which
was confiscated two years ago.>> we were expelled by force.
we gave this press conferencefor about 15 minutes.
that is the measure of freedomthat this dictatorship will
tolerate.15 minutes of freedom of
expression, of assembly.20 police officers arrived, and
they pushed us away.>> you managed at confidencial
in 2017, to prove extrajudicialkillings of over 300 people.
is this what has bothered thegovernment of nicaragua?
>> i think it is resistant fromthe -- resistance from the
independent press, not to submitto brute force.
censorship in television, whichwe have defeated on social
media, and their campaigns ofintimidation and pressure.
we were exiled, we returned andhere we are, doing journalism.
>> you were in costa rica andnow you are back in nicaragua.
are things worse now than theywere a year ago?
>> there is a serious situationin the government, which is a
tendency to normalize violence.and we represent, not just at
confidencial but beingindependent press, we represent
a resistance to not acceptingwhat is going on now.
what we saw on monday is apolice state that does not allow
freedom of expression orassembly.
>> there are people who are alsoprotesting this, but it looks
like you are taking theleadership role.
journalists are leaders indemocracy.
>> i would say we representleadership in the fight for
truth.we cant make political change.
we cant produce an electoralreform that would help
democracy, but during thisstruggle, the first thing we
need is to suspend the policestate.
the liberation of politicalprisoners.
the press is on the front line.>> you spoke during this
interview that this is adictatorship.
are you in danger?this will be seen all over the
country and in nicaragua.>> we have no guarantees to the
right of freedom or liberty orour lives, but that is not just
me.that happens to all citizens.
we are not being given ourfreedom, we are taking it back.
>> in venezuela, people havebeen talking about the end of
the dictatorship, first withhugo chavez and now with nicolas
maduro.what is the way out with daniel
ortega?>> we only get out by exerting
more pressure, primarilynational pressure.
i think the large businessowners in nicaragua need to
apply more pressure.citizens have been doing that.
we need to get to a negotiation,with or without ortega.
there is no leadership.there arent big organizations.
but the majority could winelection at any point.
>> you and other journalists arefighting for freedom of
expression.thanks to social media and the
internet, you continue topublish.
where can they read>> there are markets and
markets.mariana van zeller has gone to
the most dangerous ones in theworld.
they even spoke with members ofa cartel in mexico.
she works for nationalgeographic and has a new series
called trafficked.she is with us from los angeles.
thank you for being with us.>> thank you.
>> in your series, you showtraffickers of all types,
edison, arms, animals --medicine, arms, animals.
what did you learn?>> i learned a lot.
the informal market, the graymarket is more than half of the
global market.we know very little about these
markets, so that is why it isimportant for us to get in and
have that unique access tomarkets.
i have learned a lot.they often operate out in the
open.they are very widespread.
they are in large cities andsmall towns.
you can find these black marketsin all of these places.
>> something i found interestingis that when you have access to
the cartels in mexico, they arevery dangerous, how were you
able to speak with them?>> i think ego was a big part of
it.the people who do it feel that
they are the best ones doingthat.
that they have the best peoplewho packed the drugs, smugglers,
all of that.sometimes their own families
dont know what they are doing,and we are giving them the
opportunity to disguise theiridentity and get to talk to us.
they can do all of that withimpunity.
there is no downside in speakingwith national geographic.
what is most important is thatthe way we reach them is say
that what we are doing is not tojudge them, but with empathy.
we want to truly listen to whythey are doing it, how they do
it, to hear their stories.i think that is a big reason why
we had that access.>> an important part of the
series is when you go to limaand find people who make
counterfeit money.are there good and bad
traffickers?>> i say that most of the people
we speak with, the reason theydo what they do is because of a
lack of opportunities.of course, there are bad people,
people who do it out of greedalone, but the motivation is a
big reason i wanted to do this.to learn their motivations.
without knowing theirmotivations, without knowing why
people enter these blackmarkets, we will never be able
to do anything to combat theseblack markets.
>> ever since i have known you,you have always been interested
in drug trafficking.you have focused some of your
reporting on fentanyl.what is fentanyl, and how is
that smuggled?>> fentanyl is the most
dangerous drug in the world.it kills more people in the
united states, and every day,there is more fentanyl all over
the united states.for the series, we see how
fentanyl comes to the unitedstates.
we film from the moment theyprecursor chemicals, barrels of
them are placed into the ocean,and we see how they are taken to
a laboratory, how they producethe fentanyl.
then we see a mule smuggling thedrugs.
we saw the entire process fromthe beginning to the
distribution here.>> it took you two years to make
this series.how did you work in the middle
of a pandemic?how did your way of working
change?>> we finished the first season
at the end of march.we thought there would be a
second season in july.what we saw, what we witnessed
is that there has been anexplosion in black markets
around the world because ofcovid.
when there is an economicdownturn, when people are unable
to find work.they often turn to the black
markets.we think now more than ever, the
opportunity, the most relevanttime is now for a series like
trafficked.>> mariana,to>> it is difficult
but it has been 50 years sincejosé feliciano first sang "feliz
navidad."since then, it has been one of
the most played and recordedsongs.
that 19 word song is so popularthat josé feliciano has created
a new version of the song, with30 friends, including lin-manuel
miranda and others.we are joined now by feliciano
and rudy perez -- by joséfeliciano and rudy perez.
"feliz navidad" is 50 years old.josé, i wanted to begin with
you.it is a song that only has 19
words.16 in spanish and three -- and
some are in english.what were you hoping to do?
>> i didnt want any radiostation to reject this song,
because it had lyrics in spanishand english.
i think that we showed theamerican public how to speak
spanish.>> rudy, you have worked with
some of the best performers inthe world.
what makes a song like this onebecome a hit?
not just that, it is one of the10 most heard songs in the
world.what makes a song a hit?
>> a song, i think, needs toreach the hearts of people.
this song has definitely reachedmany people,>> josé, we know the
concert this sunday.what will it be like, and how
has the pandemic affected you?>> thanks to god, the pandemic
has not affected me.im going to have a lot of
energy, and i want the public,this sunday at 7:00, i want them
to be with us, so that i thinkthis is going to be the best
virtual concert, lets call itthat, because we have many songs
in spanish, and i think it isgoing to go well.
>> rudy, what is the challengein bringing together so many
performance -- performers toparticipate in a concert?
>> that was the hardest thing ofall.
it was extremely difficult, themost difficult thing i have done
in my career.to get lin-manuel miranda, some
did not have access to aprofessional studio.
they had to record on their cellphones.
then i got the audio.there is the delay from zoom.
it was very chaotic, but we wereable to work on it in the
studio, to make it sound likeeveryone was in a studio with
josé.>> that is why it is zoom, zoom,
>> it is great to listen to you,josé.
in addition to this song, "feliznavidad," you wrote a song, "i
am america."did you imagine that when you
came to the united states, thatyou would have the success and
renowned you have now?-- and renown you have now?
>> i think everything ispossible in life.
i never thought i would be afamous musician.
i am happy.>> rudy, what do you think?
what have you learned?>> in my case, i came from the
poorest aber hoods in miami --neighborhoods in miami.
like everyone, every youngperson, sometimes you get
involved in things you shouldntbe doing.
i did my part, but to be able toget ahead through music.
it is a blessing, a tremendousblessing.
i am very grateful, especiallyto this country that gave us the
opportunity.>> let me finish with this.
josé, i dont want to get intopublic -- and the politics, but
after this terrible 2020, we aregoing to have a new president.
what do you want to do in 2021that you did not do in 2020?
>> i want to stay quiet.>> why?
>> because i am not apolitician.
i dont care about politics.and that is how i am.
>> very well.how about you, rudy?
what did you want to do in 2020that you will do in 2021?
>> i wanted to travel.i wanted to see friends.
i had projects in europe i wasnot able to complete.
i am welcoming 2021 with openarms, with love and a lot of
hope.>> rudy perez, josé feliciano,
thank you both for being here.merry christmas.
>> thank you, jorge.it is because --
>> i have done interviews withyou, and the memories i have of
those interviews have alwaysbeen good.
>> thank you, josé.thank you.
that is 50 years of "feliznavidad," and this week was
filled with news that willimpact our future.
what better way to do it thanwith the music of scissor minas
-- cesar munos?♪♪
♪videos at univision.com/alpunto.
we will see you next week, wenttogether, we will get to the