A group of deported Guatemalans are received at the Guatemala City airport.

Despite increased arrests, Trump deported fewer undocumented immigrants than Obama did in the same period last year

Despite increased arrests, Trump deported fewer undocumented immigrants than Obama did in the same period last year

On Wednesday ICE announced a record number of detentions of undocumented immigrants as a sign that Trump was meeting his goals to protect the U.S. border. But official figures obtained by Univision reveal that deportations have actually gone down. Pro-immigrant organizations recognize that deportations could increase in the coming months.

A group of deported Guatemalans are received at the Guatemala City airport.
A group of deported Guatemalans are received at the Guatemala City airport.

While the number of detentions of undocumented immigrants rose during President Donald Trump's first 100 days in office, deportations fell, according to official government data requested by Univision. That contradicts claims made by the administration on numerous occasions.

Between January 20 and April 29, 57,735 undocumented immigrants were deported. That's 8,749 fewer than the 66,484 deported in the same period in 2016, or a 13 percent decrease, according to Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the federal agency that carries out deportations.

On Wednesday ICE announced that immigration arrests had shot up 38 percent in the first three months of the Trump administration compared with the same period last year, suggesting that the president's hardline policy was having quick results.

Lea esta nota en español.

From January 20 to April 29, ICE officers arrested 41,318 people, compared with 30,028 over roughly the same period in 2016, the data showed.

“These statistics reflect President Trump’s commitment to enforce our immigration laws fairly and across the board,” said Thomas Homan, the acting director of ICE, on a phone call with reporters.

Of those deported in the first 100 days, 32,719 (57 percent) had a criminal record. In the same period in 2016, almost 60 percent had criminal records.

During the presidential campaign, Trump promised to deport 11 million undocumented immigrants.

On January 25, the president signed two immigration executive orders in which he decreed that undocumented immigration was a threat to the public and national security of the United States.


"We are resisting"

Immigrant rights advocates say they are concerned by the numbers, though they see signs that their campaigns to resist the new administration's immigration policy are working.

"What ICE statistics tell us is that Trump is implementing the policy he announced against immigrants during his campaign. And we can assume he was not playing around. That is why there are more arrests, but we are resisting," said Juan José Gutiérrez, executive director of the Latin American Movement in Los Angeles, California.

"The fact that there are a greater number of arrests and imprisonment of undocumented immigrants and less deportations than under Obama indicates that the measures we have taken are working ... More people now know their rights, ask to speak with a lawyer and are not signing voluntary departures," he said.

Gutiérrez warned, however, that the numbers could change in the months to come. "We must continue to fight, teaching people what to do if they are detained and to know their rights thoroughly. Everyone is protected by the Constitution and we must demand the fulfillment of due process in immigration procedures."

Collapsed Courts

Trump's immigration policy is not only of concern to immigrant advocates. A report from the Syracuse University-based Transactional Records Information and Access Center (TRAC) revealed this week that in the past 18 months immigration courts have hired 79 new judges, but the accumulation of cases by the end of April had reached 585,930.

"We are dismayed by the numbers," says Lilia Velasquez, an associate professor at the University of California, San Diego. "We thought the new hires would alleviate the problem, but they are not. The new immigration policies are straining the system," she added.

Many people with asylum cases know they probably won't be able to see their case through court and will likely receive a deportation order. In that case, Velásquez says the waiting times "are favorable" because in the meantime they can stay, some even with a work permit.

"But in other cases of immigrants seeking a benefit and only waiting for the final decision of a judge, they have to wait four or more years, sometimes deprived of their liberty. It is a nightmare that they are suffering," she said.

Some courts are handing out appointments for July 2022. Courts with the fewest delays are located in ICE detention centers and prisons where the government has sent undocumented immigrants who are in the process of being deported.

After the Trump administration announced the end of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which shields 800,000 young undocumented immigrants from deportation, French artist JR led a project that captured portraits of Dreamers across the U.S. Two photo-booth trucks made several stops so that undocumented youth could add their faces to the series. Univision News followed the journey.
Pedro is one of thousands of undocumented immigrants who work in chicken processing plants in Gainesville, Georgia. In a county where police work in tandem with immigration authorities and more than 72% of citizens voted for Donald Trump, many immigrants live in fear.
Presidents don't usually pardon criminals until they have been sentenced or have at least expressed some regret, but this was not the case with Arpaio, who spoke to Univision News two weeks after being forgiven by his ally, Donald Trump.
During a meeting in the Oval office Friday, the president was asked by reporters about the future of DACA, to which he responded that a decision was coming soon. "We love the dreamers, we love everyone," he added.
Nilsa Huete is an undocumented Honduran immigrant living in Key West, Florida. In the last five months, five of her family members have been arrested by agents from the Monroe County Sheriff's Office. Now she’s fighting against the deportation of her daughter and brother.
The former Arizona sheriff pardoned by President Trump is one of the most unpopular figures in the Hispanic community. For 24 years he was sheriff of the fourth largest county in the country and was convicted in July 2017 of ignoring a court order to stop his officers from racial profiling of Hispanics.
The former Republican presidential candidate says a Senate immigration proposal that would cut immigration in half is flawed, but he backs idea of merit-based points system.
The footage shows a man wearing a badge, apparently from the local sheriff’s department, and claiming to be bail bonds agent. A lawyer then rebukes and questions his authority.
Maty Muy, a Guatemalan immigrant, went to renew her work permit at an ICE office and ended up facing a nightmare. Authorities placed a GPS monitor on her ankle and sent her husband to a detention facility. Now, she has taken over the family business – a tire and auto repair shop – while facing deportation.
Maty Muy, una inmigrante guatemalteca, fue a renovar un permiso de trabajo a una oficina de ICE y acabó viviendo una pesadilla: le pusieron un grillete y a su esposo lo detuvieron. Ahora, cambia llantas y lucha para evitar la deportación.
This is what Greek artist Eleni means when she speaks about the power of the voice. She improvises a sing-along with a group of immigrants, refugees and allies in Boston's Urbano Project and the result was just beautiful.
Eleni Arapoglou uses new sounds and rhythms to preserve her roots. Eleni is part of the U-Lab 'Immigrant Sounds' sessions that celebrate World Refugee Day and Immigrant Heritage Month.
There has always been movement of people, and as we commemorate World Refugee Day on June 20th a group of musicians, activists and community members got together at The Urbano Project​ in Boston to share their experiences and reflect on the diversity that makes up American society: "The direction of where the world is going is encouraging us all, almost forcing us all, to break down those walls."
La cantante Eleni interpreta 'Milo mou kai mantarini', grabada en exclusiva para U-LAB Music como parte de las sesiones 'Immigrant Sounds' en honor al Mes de la Herencia del Inmigrante y al Día Mundial del Refugiado. Featuring Vasilis Kostas en el laúd.
Artist Nora Valdez and youth in the Boston community are sharing their stories one suitcase at a time at The Urbano Project. At U-LAB Music we documented their process as part of our 'Immigrant Sounds' series.
Nestor Duarte was driving his car in Key West, Florida, when Monroe sheriff deputy David Lariz pulled him over and asked for his papers. Lariz is the same officer who recently asked a Honduran man who had been hit by a car if he was "illegal."
Abogados de Marjorie de Sousa y Julián Gil no han podido llegar a un acuerdo, pero existe una propuesta
A pocos días de que se sepa el resultado de la prueba de paternidad hecha a Matías, abogados de ambas partes dejaron claro que aún no han llegado a un acuerdo, pero sí existe una propuesta, por lo cual podríamos ver pronto el fin de esta batalla legal.
La modelo del polémico video de Gerardo Ortiz confiesa que aún mantiene amistad con el cantante
Tracy Sáenz, quien fuera la modelo del polémico video 'Fuiste mía' de Gerardo Ortiz, declara que el cantante es una buena persona y que no se merece toda la mala fama que le han hecho, además de dejar claro que él sigue siendo su amigo.
La abuelita de Thalía y Laura Zapata confesó (en su festejo de 100 años) quién es su nieta favorita
Doña Eva Mange apagó las velitas de su pastel de cumpleaños número 100, y llena de vida nos confesó quién es su nieta favorita, ¡y hasta nos cantó!
Luis Gutiérrez: “Creo que nos debemos preparar para el cierre del gobierno”
El congresista demócrata por Illinois dice que para definir las votaciones en el Congreso hay que tener las 80,000 visas para los soñadores con un camino hacia la ciudadanía. “Yo no quiero tener un gobierno abierto que abusa y hace vivir a las personas en esta incertidumbre”, aseguró el funcionario.
Agentes investigan el hallazgo de un hombre sin vida en Guaynabo
Oficiales se encuentran en la escena ubicada en la carretera 834. Se descarta la posibilidad de un asesinato y se presume que la víctima pudo ser atropellada.
'Miami en un Minuto': arrestan a la madre de un niño de un año de edad que murió por aparente maltrato
En un minuto también te informamos que se entregó a las autoridades un hombre que disparó al aire y se atrincheró en su apartamento. Entre tanto, cuatro personas fueron arrestadas en medio de una redada realizada por diferentes autoridades de Miami-Dade.
'Nueva York en un Minuto': Día decisivo para DACA en Washington
En un minuto también te informamos que miles de dreamers agilizan sus trámites para renovar sus permisos y no perder los beneficios de DACA. Entre tanto, el gobierno de El Salvador recordó a los beneficiarios del TPS que deben reinscribirse antes del próximo 19 de marzo para extender sus permisos hasta septiembre de 2019.
Estudiante indocumentado vive su experiencia en una cárcel de inmigración
Luis Mora permaneció casi tres semanas en la cárcel, donde padeció de malos tratos e incertidumbre. Ahora, agradece tener la oportunidad de luchar por su futuro en una corte federal.
Guardiola felicita a Alexis Sánchez por su fichaje con el Manchester United
Sin que aún sea oficial, el técnico del Manchester City, felicitó al chileno y al acérrimo rival por lo que considera será su próximo club.
Sporting Kansas City fortalece su poderosa zaga defensiva con el joven argentino Emiliano Amor
El defensor central de Vélez Sarsfield fue adquirido a préstamo con opción a compra. Amor llegaría directamente a la pretemporada en Arizona.
El mundo, en vilo por la salud de Pelé: medios aseguran que fue hospitalizado, su representante lo niega
Según un comunicado de la FWA (Asociación de Periodistas Deportivos de Inglaterra), el astro brasileño fue ingresado de urgencia a un hospital y se encuentra bajo supervisión médica.
El mundo, en vilo por la salud de Pelé: medios aseguran que fue hospitalizado, su representante lo niega
Según un comunicado de la FWA (Asociación de Periodistas Deportivos de Inglaterra), el astro brasileño fue ingresado de urgencia a un hospital y se encuentra bajo supervisión médica.