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In photos: The ex-Panamanian strongman and tool of the CIA who became a U.S. nightmare.

Manuel Antonio Noriega ruled Panama from 1983 to 1989 when U.S. troops invaded the country and arrested him on drug charges. After 20 years in jail in Miami he was extradited to France on money laundering charges. Three years later he was sent back to Panama and imprisoned for murder and corruption. He died late Monday aged 83.
30 May 2017 – 10:02 AM EDT
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Manuel Antonio Noriega in 1985. Born in Panama City in 1934, he graduated from military school in Peru. Noriega became intelligence chief to Gen Omar Torrijos who seized power in a coup in 1968. Noriega secretly collaborated with the CIA, which was gathering intelligence on the spread of communism in Latin America. Efe
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Manuel Antonio Noriega in 1988. The lack of democracy in Panama under Noriega's military rule became a major issue as the U.S. prepared tio turn over control of the Panama Canal in the late 1980s. Noriega was formally indicted in Miami in February 1988 for drug trafficing. The country fell into a deep economic recession and demonstrations against the government were brutally repressed. Crédito: CARLOS SCHIEBECK/Getty Images
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Panama City, Panama - Noriega greets supporters in May 1989, days before elections. Denouncing a fraud, supporters of the opposition candidate, Guillermo Endara protested in the streets. Noriega annuled the elections for "foreign interference." Crédito: MANOOCHER DEGATHI/Getty Images)
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On October 3, 1989, rebel forces attempted a military coup against Noriega. Several coup leaders were later killed in suspicious circumstanecs. The National Assembly of Panama formally named Noriega as head of government. In the photograph, General Noriega leaves his headquarters in the city of Panama after the failed coup. Crédito: BOB SULLIVAN/AFP/Getty Images
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May 10 1989: Opposition vice-presidential candidate Guillermo 'Billy' Ford attacked by members of pro-Noriega Dignity Battalion in Panama's Old City district during a march demanding recognition of election results. Crédito: RON HAVIV/AFP/Getty Images
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Dawn December 20, 1989 the U.S. military launched an invasion of Panama, dubbed Operation Just Cause. President George H. W. Bush announced that the U.S. military was seeking to detain Noriega and protect "US interests" in the country. Crédito: Getty Images
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Santiago, Panama: U.S. soldiers run for cover following their landing in December 1989 in Panama. The military operation, codenamed 'Just Cause', involved 26,000 US troops and lasted two weeks. At least 400 Panamanian civilians and military were killed, and 23 U.S. military. The invasion was condemned by the UN and the OAS. (MANOOCHER DEGHATI/AFP/Getty Images) Crédito: MANOOCHER DEGHATI/Getty Images
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General Noriega took refuge on Christmas Eve in the Papal Nunciature, where he surrendered 10 days later on Jan 3 to U.S. authorities. Troops surrounded the Vatican embassy for three days and nights bombarding it with rock music. In the photograph, American soldiers in front of the Vatican embassy, where Noriega hoped to obtain asylum. (JONATHAN UTZ/AFP/Getty Images) Crédito: ONATHAN UTZ/AFP/Getty Images
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Howard Air Force, Panama: On January 3, 1990 General Noriega surrended to U.S. forces and was turned over to the DEA before boarding a US military plane to face drug charges in Miami. (Photo STF/AFP/Getty Images) Crédito: Getty Images
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In April 1992 Noriega was convicted in a Miami trial on eight charges of drug trafficking and money laundering. Crédito: Efe
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In April 2010 Noriega was extradited to France at the end of his U.S. jail sentence. Noriega, seen here on his arrival in Paris, had been convicted in France of money laudering. Crédito: THOMAS COEX/AFP/Getty Images)
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A year later in 2011 Noriega was sent back to Panama where he faced 60 years in jail for a prior conviction - in absence - for corruption, as well as the murder of opposition leader Hugo Spadafora and the assassination of former army officers, In the phonto he arrives, aged 77, at Renacer jail, December 11, 2011. RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images
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On June 24, 2015, Noriega publicly asked for forgiveness from jail. "I apologize to any person who feels offended, affected, harmed or humiliated by my actions or those of my superiors in fulfilling orders or those of my subordinates during the time of my civilian government and military."
Crédito: Guillermo Cochez/Wikicommons
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On January 28, 2017, Noriega is taken to an apartment owned by his daughter, under a temporary house arrest granted for his state of health, before being operated for a brain tumor. The surgery on March 7 left him in critical condition. He died May 30. EFE/Alejandro BolÌvar
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RELACIONADOS:Latin America

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