Immigration

Salvadorans with TPS are a powerful economic engine with strong family ties in the U.S.

Many of these immigrants have been in the U.S. for almost 20 years and 88% participate in the labor force. They have created thousands of jobs and have about 273,000 U.S.-born children.
11 Ene 2018 – 12:01 PM EST

A recent analysis by the Center for Migration Studies provides a demographic and statistical profile of the almost 200,000 Salvadorans in the U.S. under Temporary Protected Status (TPS). The program, established in 2001, was canceled Monday by the Trump administration.

Where do they live?

The 195,000 Salvadorans covered by TPS life mostly in California (49,100), Texas (36,300), Virginia (21,500), Maryland (19,800) and New York (16,200). They are concentrated in the metropolitan areas of Washington, Los Angeles, New York, Houston and Dallas.

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria: 32,359

1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim: 30,415

2

New York, Newark-Jersey City: 23,168

3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land: 16,991

4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington: 7,749

5

Salvadorans with TPS

0-10,000

20,000-40,000

10,000-20,000

+ 40,000

WA

NY

3

NE

NV

IL

UT

1

CO

CA

VA

NC

2

TN

NV

GA

5

TX

4

FL

Source: Center for Migration Studies and Center

for American Progress (Tom Wong).

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria: 32,359

1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim: 30,415

2

New York, Newark-Jersey City: 23,168

3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land: 16,991

4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington: 7,749

5

Salvadorans with TPS

0-10,000

20,000-40,000

10,000-20,000

+ 40,000

WA

NY

3

NE

NV

IL

UT

1

CO

CA

VA

NC

2

TN

NV

GA

5

TX

4

FL

Source: Center for Migration Studies and Center for

American Progress (Tom Wong).

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

32,359

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

16,991

1

4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

30,415

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

7,749

2

5

New York, Newark-Jersey City

23,168

3

WA

NY

3

NE

NV

IL

UT

1

CO

CA

VA

NC

2

TN

NV

TX

GA

5

4

FL

Salvadorans with TPS

0-10,000

20,000-40,000

10,000-20,000

+ 40,000

Source: Center for Migration Studies y Center for American Progress (Tom Wong).

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

32,359

New York, Newark-Jersey City

23,168

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

7,749

1

3

5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

30,415

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

16,991

2

4

WA

NY

3

NE

NV

IL

UT

1

CO

CA

VA

NC

2

TN

NV

TX

GA

5

4

FL

Salvadorans with TPS

0-10,000

10,000-20,000

20,000-40,000

+ 40,000

Source: Center for Migration Studies and Center for American Progress (Tom Wong).

+ SEE ALL STATES
California
49,100
Texas
36,300
Virginia
21,500
Maryland
19,800
New York
16,200
New Jersey
6,800
North Carolina
5,900
Nevada
5,700
Georgia
5,700
Massachusetts
5,000
Florida
4,500
Colorado
3,000
Washington
1,900
Utah
1,600
Nebraska
1,500
Illinois
1,300
Tennessee
1,100
Arizona
1,000

Where do they work?

TPS recipients from El Salvador participate heavily in the labor force (88%) when compared to the U.S. average (62.7%). In addition, 10% are self-employed workers who have created a total of at least 17,000 jobs for themselves and others.

SALVADORANS IN THE LABOR FORCE: 171,100 (88%)

What they contribute to the economy

A number of studies show the negative impact that expelling these U.S. workers from the country would have on the economy. According to the Center for American Progress and the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, impacts would include:

• The U.S. would lose $164 billion in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over the next decade.
• The loss of $6.9 billion in contributions to Social Security and Medicare over a decade.
• Business owners who currently employ those with TPS would lose $967 million in the effort to replace these workers.

Education and Health

Education-level
Just 37% of Salvadorans with TPS have completed high school or higher. Just 13% have university or post-graduate degrees.
English-language speaking ability
A very high proportion (85%) speak at least a little English. Just 48% speak it well, very well or speak English as their only language.
Healthcare
56% of Salvadorans protected by TPS have health insurance.

2 million Salvadorans in the U.S.

At just over 2 million, Salvadorans are the fourth largest group of Hispanics in the U.S., after Mexicans (35 million), Puerto Ricans (5.3 million) and Cubans (2.1 million). The following county map shows where they live:

Salvadorans in the U.S., by county

0 - 1

1 - 1,000

1,000 - 10000

+ 50,000

10,000 - 50,000

WA

ND

MN

MT

VT

ME

WI

OR

ID

SD

MI

NH

NY

WY

IA

PA

NE

NV

CA

OH

IN

WV

UT

IL

CO

MO

VA

KS

KY

AZ

NC

TN

OK

NM

SC

AR

TX

MS

GA

AL

LA

FL

AK

HI

TOTAL

Los Angeles (California)

Harris (Texas)

Montgomery (Maryland)

Prince George's (Maryland)

Suffolk (New York)

Dallas (Texas)

Fairfax (Virginia)

Nassau (New York)

Prince William (Virginia)

San Bernardino (California)

416,887

151,433

69,809

68,836

64,246

53,982

53,087

51,513

33,675

32,956

Source: Census Bureau (2016).

Salvadorans in the U.S., by county

0 - 1

1 - 1,000

1,000 - 10000

+ 50,000

10,000 - 50,000

WA

ND

MN

MT

VT

ME

WI

OR

ID

SD

MI

NH

NY

WY

Suffolk

IA

PA

NE

NV

CA

OH

IN

WV

Nassau

UT

IL

CO

MO

VA

KS

KY

AZ

NC

TN

OK

NM

SC

AR

TX

MS

GA

Los Angeles

416,887

AL

LA

Dallas

FL

Harris

151,433

Montgomery

Prince George

Fairfax

Prince William

AK

HI

% OF THE

POPULATION

OF THE COUNTY

COUNTIES WITH THE

MOST SALVADORANS

TOTAL

Los Angeles (California)

Harris (Texas)

Montgomery (Maryland)

Prince George's (Maryland)

Suffolk (New York)

Dallas (Texas)

Fairfax (Virginia)

Nassau (New York)

Prince William (Virginia)

San Bernardino (California)

416,887

151,433

69,809

68,836

64,246

53,982

53,087

51,513

33,675

32,956

4.1

3.4

6.8

7.7

4.3

2.1

4.7

3.8

7.6

1.6

Source: Census Bureau (2016, 5 years estimates).

Salvadorans in the U.S., by county

0 - 1

+ 50,000

1 - 1,000

1,000 - 10000

10,000 - 50,000

WA

ND

MN

MT

VT

ME

WI

OR

ID

SD

MI

NH

NY

WY

Suffolk

IA

PA

NE

NV

CA

OH

IN

Nassau

WV

UT

IL

CO

MO

VA

KS

KY

AZ

NC

TN

OK

Montgomery

Prince George

Fairfax

Prince William

NM

SC

AR

Los Angeles

416,887

TX

MS

GA

AL

LA

Dallas

FL

Harris

151,433

AK

HI

% OF THE POPULATION

OF THE COUNTY

COUNTIES WITH THE MOST SALVADORANS

TOTAL

Los Angeles (California)

Harris (Texas)

Montgomery (Maryland)

Prince George's (Maryland)

Suffolk (New York)

Dallas (Texas)

Fairfax (Virginia)

Nassau (New York)

Prince William (Virginia)

San Bernardino (California)

416,887

151,433

69,809

68,836

64,246

53,982

53,087

51,513

33,675

32,956

4.1

3.4

6.8

7.7

4.3

2.1

4.7

3.8

7.6

1.6

Source: Census Bureau (2016, 5 years estimates).

Salvadorans in the U.S., by county

0 - 1

+ 50,000

1 - 1,000

1,000 - 10000

10,000 - 50,000

WA

ND

MN

MT

VT

ME

WI

OR

ID

SD

MI

NH

NY

WY

Suffolk

IA

PA

NE

NV

CA

OH

Nassau

IN

NJ

WV

UT

IL

CO

MO

VA

Montgomery

KS

KY

Prince George

Los Angeles

416,887

AZ

NC

TN

OK

Fairfax

NM

SC

AR

Prince William

TX

MS

GA

AL

LA

San Bernardino

Dallas

FL

Harris

151,433

AK

HI

% OF THE POPULATION

OF THE COUNTY

COUNTIES WITH THE MOST SALVADORANS

TOTAL

Los Angeles (California)

Harris (Texas)

Montgomery (Maryland)

Prince George's (Maryland)

Suffolk (New York)

Dallas (Texas)

Fairfax (Virginia)

Nassau (New York)

Prince William (Virginia)

San Bernardino (California)

416,887

151,433

69,809

68,836

64,246

53,982

53,087

51,513

33,675

32,956

4.1

3.4

6.8

7.7

4.3

2.1

4.7

3.8

7.6

1.6

Source: Census Bureau (2016, 5 years estimates).

Source: Census Bureau (2016, 5 year estimate) Demographic and statistical profile (Center for Migration Studies), demographic data (Census Bureau), economic data from the U.S. (Bureau of Labor Statistics), data on the economic impact of ending TPS (Center for American Progress and Immigrant Legal Resource Center). Icons from Noun Project (iconesia, Federico Panzano, Presenttas, corpus delicti, Gan Khoon Lay, Aiden Icons, Makarenko Andrey, Manohara, iconic).
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