publicidad
In November, this family's home was vandalized with racist messages: "USA, USA," and "GO BACK."

Six months of hate: how anti-immigrant sentiment is affecting Latinos in the United States

Six months of hate: how anti-immigrant sentiment is affecting Latinos in the United States

Since the presidential election, Univision has received nearly 200 reports of hate and bias perpetrated against our readers and viewers, who have been the victims of racist slurs and harassment, intimidation, vandalism and even assault.

In November, this family's home was vandalized with racist messages:...
In November, this family's home was vandalized with racist messages: "USA, USA," and "GO BACK."

Marvin del Cid wakes up to find the words "fu**ing Mexicans, get out" spray painted on the side of his trailer.

Dreamers Justino Mora, Iván Ceja and Belen Sisa endure weeks of threatening messages — and even death threats — online after posting on social media about being undocumented.

Kids plead with their parents not to send them to school after chants of "build the wall."

In recent months, hate incidents and hate crimes have targeted Latinos around the country, in small towns and big cities, coast-to-coast. Though the weeks immediately before and after the presidential election saw the most reports, incidents have continued at a steady tick.

Lea esta nota en español.

Since the presidential election, Univision has received nearly 200 reports of hate and bias perpetrated against our readers and viewers, sent to us through the Documenting Hate project (' El reporte del odio'). From those reports, we have interviewed dozens of Latinos who have been the victims of racist slurs and harassment, intimidation, vandalism and even assault.

Here are some of the trends we've observed:

"Go back to your country"

"Send them back to their own f**king country," a woman is heard saying in the direction of a Hispanic family in a video recorded earlier this month at a Sears in New Jersey. According to onlookers, the woman grew angry after the family used coupons and delayed the checkout line.

In a climate of xenophobia, in which immigrants are often characterized as being the source of the country’s problems, calls to "go back to your country" have been among the insults most commonly reported by Univision’s audience.

Relacionado
Anti-immigrant protest in California
'Go back to your country': Immigrants report a wave of insults and slurs

On a Saturday morning in February, Carlos Hernandez was at an outdoor flea market in Middletown, Pennsylvania, where he sells mobile phone accessories, when a customer approached him and lashed out with racist insults and threats. "He said to me … 'you need to go back to your country,' "you shouldn’t be here,'" Hernandez, 39 and a legal resident, told Univision.

"I felt really bad," Hernandez told us. "I felt destroyed inside."

Many of those who have been targeted in this way are actually American-born.

"Speak English"

On February 15, Ana Martinez, 46, returned a call from an unknown number. She reached a collections agency, and an automated message explaining she had an open case against her. Anxious to learn more, she requested to speak to a customer service agent in Spanish, her native language. The agent angrily told her no one was available to speak in Spanish.

publicidad

"He said 'I tell you what, go to school to learn English and when you speak English call us back or go ahead and get back to your country,'" Martinez told us, holding back tears.

That's just one of more than a dozen reports we have received from people berated for speaking Spanish in public in recent months.

"One day I went shopping with my kids and we were speaking in Spanish," wrote one woman from Sterling, Virginia. "A woman began to yell at us 'here only English' and 'go back to your country.'"

Rocío Inclán, director of the Human & Civil Rights Department at the National Education Association, says the insult cuts deep for Latinos. "Language is about culture. It's about identification," she says. "We as a country really lose out when there is this reversal towards 'America first.' It incites the otherness in our country, so people think you're an other if you speak a language besides English - that you're not fully American."

Inclán, who lives in Washington, D.C., was recently targeted for speaking Spanish to her mom on the phone. "I was in Whole Foods, in a very liberal area of Washington, speaking to my mom who is in Mexico," she says. "An older white woman comes up to me and says 'this is America, you need to speak English.'"

The internet is a meeting place for hate groups -- and a constant source of threats and insults

"Piece of s**t."

"I hope a death squad comes for you."

publicidad

"Hope they send your nasty wetback ass back home, you nasty cunt."

These are some of the messages that immigration activists Justino Mora, Iván Ceja and Belén Sisa received on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook after the presidential election.

Relacionado
Nazis are seeking to expand their web reach throughout Spain and Latin A...
Spanish version of neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer recruits writers among internet forums

They say people feel emboldened by President Trump’s anti-immigrant messaging.

Experts say social media engagement by hate groups is on the rise, with most activity focused on anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim sentiment. The anti-semitic internet, led by sites like The Daily Stormer, is even expanding into Spanish.

Undocumented immigrants who are open about their immigration status are increasingly threatened online.

In March, Sisa, a 23-year-old Argentine recipient of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), wanted to prove that she pays taxes despite being undocumented. So she posted a photo on Facebook with her 1040 tax form, noting that she paid $300 in taxes.

After her post was shared on social media dozens of people threatened to send her information to immigration authorities, she told us.

publicidad

"I have reported you to [immigration] and screenshotted your posts where you identified yourself as an illegal alien," someone wrote.

Belen Sisa, an undocumented 'Dreamer,' posted a photo on Faceboo...
Belen Sisa, an undocumented 'Dreamer,' posted a photo on Facebook of her tax form and received messages of hate.

Threads on the forums 4chan and Reddit also encourage users to seek out immigrants that are posting about being undocumented online — such as through the Twitter hashtag “undocumented and unafraid" — and denounce them to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

Kids targeted at school

Schools were a particularly common location for hate incidents during the 2016-17 school year. In the weeks after the election, over 10,000 K-12 teachers, counselors, administrators and others who work in schools indicated to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) that the election had a "profoundly negative impact" on their institutions and students.

The teachers described an increase in slurs and derogatory language, along with incidents involving swastikas, Nazi salutes and Confederate flags. Among respondents, 672 mentioned incidents involving the word "deportation," and 476 "build the wall."

Relacionado
Just at the presidential election spurred an uptick in hate-filled incid...
Schools face a climate of hate, and struggle to respond

In the weeks following the election, we received reports from a number of parents worried about anti-Latino rhetoric being directed at their children at school.

One November afternoon, Kate DeStefano-Torres’ son arrived home from school upset. The sixth-grader, whose father is Puerto Rican, had clashed with another student during free time, he told his mom.

At his school in Mantua Township, New Jersey, a girl in fifth grade told him, “No Mexicans allowed.” Then, pointing to a moveable wall in the all-purpose room, the girl said, “Trump built this wall. You’re outta here.”

Hate crimes against immigrants and undocumented people are underreported

A young, undocumented man contacted Documenting Hate to share the story of his assault on a California highway. A few days later, he changed his mind and was no longer willing to speak to us. "Many people have advised me not to go further because later I could get deported," he told us.

publicidad

It’s just one example of why hate crimes against immigrant communities are vastly under-reported by victims and local law enforcement.

In its Hate Crime Statistics report, the F.B.I. cataloged a total of 5,818 hate crimes in 2015, including assaults, bombings, threats and property destruction against minorities, women, the LGBT community and others. That’s the most recent year for which data is available.

But the Department of Justice estimates that some 250,000 hate crimes are committed every year.

Marvin del Cid found this message on his home in February.
Marvin del Cid found this message on his home in February.

Why the discrepancy? The FBI relies on voluntary reports from local law enforcement agencies, thousands of which choose not to report their data. As a result, thousands of hate crimes are likely left off official records every year.

Many immigrants don't report hate crimes because of language barriers and mistrust of police.

Police around the country have reported that Trump's immigration dragnet has led to lower crime reporting, including reports of sexual assaults, due to fears among undocumented immigrants that they might be reported to authorities and deported.

Though many experts say the country is experiencing the most turbulent moment for race relations since September 11, 2001, we likely won’t have reliable enough statistics to truly understand the scope of the problem.

The experience of hate is traumatic

Although hate varies in intensity from insults to assault, incidents have led our readers to feel frightened, intimidated or depressed. Some say they no longer feel welcome in the United States.

publicidad

"It’s unpleasant and demoralizes you, it causes psychological trauma," a cashier told us after a man asked her if she was "illegal."

Relacionado
Passengers travel in the New York City subway
Hate on the train: Racial aggressions increase on New York City subway, including towards Latinos

"The only thing I can say is that at that moment you feel like a despicable and useless being with the desire to disappear from the planet for a few minutes," said one man who was told "Go back to your country."

Marvin del Cid told Univision in May that he's had trouble eating since his trailer was vandalized with racist slurs in February.

"I didn’t know how to respond," says Julio, who, along with his two young sons, was the butt of racist jokes in a Dallas donut shop earlier this month. “Now I feel humiliated. I don’t know what to say to my kids. I can’t do anything.”

In January, Maycon Martinez Cruz, a DACA beneficiary of Mexican origin, was attacked on the New York City subway while on his way home from working a shift at a restaurant in Lower Manhattan.

"If I could, I would leave the United States today, but I have nowhere to go," the young man told us three months after the incident. "When you are discriminated against, something in you changes."

publicidad

Have you been the victim of or witness to a hate incident or crime? Share your story.

publicidad
publicidad
They grew up in Chicago and their husbands, the Flores twins (aka ‘Los Mellizos’), worked for the Sinaloa cartel. The twins later became DEA informants in Mexico who helped bring down El Chapo Guzman. They have written a book, Cartel Wives, telling their story as a lesson to others not to fall for the narco life, and they regret what they put their families through. "Our fathers put on their suit of armor and their badge, and they are going out there on the streets of Chicago,” Mia confesses. “It’s the very same streets that our husbands were flooding with drugs.”
The Rio Abajo bridge was swept away leaving the town of Utuado cut off. Neighbors engineered a pulley system to haul supplies over the river but they wonder when their lives will return to any semblance of normality.
A scene form the new documentary A Long Way From Home about the desegregation of professional baseball.
Mayor Carmen Yulin Cruz reacted to comments on Twitter by President Trump in which he said Puerto Ricans “want everything done for them."
It is estimated that there are almost as many Puerto Ricans living off the island as the 3.4 million that reside there. After Hurricane Maria, almost all communication was lost between those on the island and in the diaspora. Univision sent a reporting team to the island before Maria's arrival. Part of their job now is helping connect families.
Two reporters from Univision News followed the track of Hurricane Maria, starting from the southeast where the eye made landfall all the way to the capital. This is what they saw from the road ...
An "extremely dangerous" Category 4 hurricane, Maria made landfall near Yabucoa in southeast Puerto Rico, causing widespread flooding across the U.S. territory of 3.4 million inhabitants. Maria caused rivers to flood all over the island. This video was taken in Guayama, on the south coast.
After a strong earthquake shook Mexico City, thousands of people evacuated their homes. The epicenter was 7.5 miles southeast of Axochiapan, in the state of Morelos.
Had Irma tracked 50 miles further north along Cuba's coast, the results could have been dramatically different, meteorologists say, causing devastation to the densely populated Greater Miami region. Also by tracking up Florida's west coast close to the shoreline deprived Irma of the warm Gulf water that fuels storms. Here is a compilation of the hurricane satellite images shared by NASA on social media.
The program was established in 2012 by President Barack Obama to protect certain undocumented immigrants from deportation.
Nilsa Huete is an undocumented Honduran immigrant living in Key West, Florida. In the last five months, five of her family members have been arrested by agents from the Monroe County Sheriff's Office. Now she’s fighting against the deportation of her daughter and brother.
Christopher Barker, leader of the 'Loyal White Knights' of the Ku Klux Klan and his wife Amanda Barker discussed their views on President Donald Trump during an exclusive interview for Aquí y Ahora.
That's what Christopher Barker, leader of the KKK's 'Loyal White Knights,' told Univision's late night news anchor in an interview for Aquí y Ahora. "To me you're a ni**er," he added.
Those were the words of Christopher Barker, a leader of the Ku Klux Klan's 'Loyal White Knights' during an interview with Univision's late night news anchor, Ilia Calderon, for the show Aquí y Ahora.
During an interview with Chris Barker, a leader of Ku Klux Klan's 'Loyal White Knights,' the Univision News anchor sought answers to questions about the group's beliefs on race.
Univision got exclusive access to the Border Patrol's only facility in the country where agents train to search for tunnels used to transport drugs and other illicit materials, in Nogales, Arizona.
El hombre más obeso del mundo está en camino a alcanzar su peso ideal
El mexicano Juan Pedro Franco llegó a pesar más de 1,300 libras. Pero, con una cirugía que le realizaron este miércoles, podría llegar a pesar unas 210 libras a mediados de 2018.
El emocionante momento de los primeros pasos de un niño de 4 años que no tiene piernas ni brazos
El menor, que vive en Texas, consiguió esta gran hazaña mientras su familia decoraba el árbol de Navidad. El conmovedor momento se volvió viral en las redes sociales.
En video: El susto de dos pasajeros a bordo de una motocicleta que comenzó a arder en llamas
Las dos personas circulaban por una calle cuando unas llamas comenzaron a salir del motor. La conductora y su pasajera se bajaron a toda prisa de la moto, que siguió ardiendo en el piso.
Aquí y Ahora - 12 de noviembre, 2017
La peor pesadilla que una pareja pudo vivir, un domingo en la iglesia fueron atacados por un hombre decidido a asesinar a todos los presentes, Texas sufre por las pérdidas de aquel día.
publicidad
¿Cómo la lectura impacta su salud?
Un estudio publicado en la Academia Nacional de Ciencia reveló que los adultos que leen regularmente o que hacen juegos que ejercitan su mente son dos veces menos propensos a padecer del mal del Alzheimer. Si es amante a los libros de ficción hay evidencia de que le ayuda socialmente y a que tenga más empatía con los demás.
Incrementó 3.3% el número de viajeros este año en la semana del Día de Acción de Gracias
A medida que avanzan las horas, el tráfico en las vías de Dallas se pone más pesado por los miles de viajeros que decidieron movilizarse por carretera. Expertos aseguran que para tener un viaje placentero debe planificar bien su recorrido. Movilícese con el suficiente combustible, revise la batería, llantas y aceite de su automóvil antes de emprender el viaje, son algunos de los consejos.
Inmigrante que pasó seis meses en un centro de detención de ICE asegura que la lucha continúa
Después de su liberación debido a la fianza otorgada por un juez, este hombre espera dar esperanza a los inmigrantes afectados por las deportaciones.
Con emotivos videos, Renato López ha sido recordado por su novia y hermana durante su primer año de ausencia
Tras el asesinato el año pasado, Renato López sigue presente para familiares, amigos y fans. En múltiples publicaciones en redes sociales su novia y hermana lo han recordado. El móvil del crimen sigue siendo investigado por las autoridades.
Tarjeta amarilla. El árbitro amonesta a Aldo Rocha de Monarcas Morelia
Tarjeta amarilla. El árbitro amonesta a Aldo Rocha de Monarcas Morelia on November 22, 2017
Tiro desviado de Fernando Uribe
Tiro desviado de Fernando Uribe on November 22, 2017
Fernando Uribe vuelve a perdonar a Monarcas con esta jugada clara
El delantero colombiano se paró frente al marco purépecha y acabó sacando disparo ligeramente desviado.
Raúl Ruidiaz pone al frente a Monarcas ante Toluca
Mano de Rodolfo Salinas que convierte perfectamente el atacante peruano.