publicidad
Latinos en power
Back to home

Latinos en power

Hispanic students perform better when their teachers and administrators are Latino, too

Hispanic students perform better when their teachers and administrators are Latino, too

Texas schools show Latino student performance improves when there are more Hispanic teachers and members of boards of education.

Student Latinos En Power Foto

Ever since she came to the United States at age one, Denisse Cordova, 16, hasn't been able to escape the label “undocumented Mexican.”

Her parents never finished high school. And like many of her friends at the Aldine School in Houston, Texas, she comes from a low-income family.

Lea esta nota en español

And yet Cordova has an ambitious dream. “I want to go to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT] and become a researcher and physicist,” she says. “Other students who graduated from Aldine now go to MIT. Knowing that has helped me to believe that I can do it, too."

According to new research, there is one thing that could help her achieve this: Latino teachers.

There is hard scientific evidence that the presence of Hispanics in public-sector jobs has a positive impact on Hispanics, beyond simple symbolism or pride. The same seems to be true about education, especially in Texas.

Several studies show that more Latino students pass standardized tests, attend classes, register for advanced courses, take university entrance exams and get better grades when there are more Latinos on school boards – all of which increase students' chances of getting into college.

Hispanic teachers have an even stronger positive impact on Latino students. That’s according to a study by Kenneth J. Meier, a Texas A&M political scientist and one of the leading researchers in the academic field known as “representative bureaucracy.”

En general, los estudiantes latinos, como Denisse Córdova, tienen mejor...
Latino students like Denisse Cordova have better success rates when their teachers are Hispanic.

The study found that Latino teachers have an impact on Latino students passing standardized tests and taking advanced classes and college admissions exams.

Meier says the improved results are due to direct contact between teachers and students. School boards matter, too, he explained. “Members of school boards play a role in hiring the superintendent, who influences the hiring of teachers,” he says.

Unfortunately, that’s rarely the case across the United States. According to the U.S. Department of Education, only 7.8 percent of teachers in the United States are Latino. About 13.3 million Hispanics are enrolled in U.S. public schools this year, or 26 percent of all students.

When asked how many Hispanic teachers she had in the past three years, Cordova said she could not remember a single one.

publicidad

FINDING ALLIES

Aldine isn't a wealthy town. Almost three-quarters of students in the district are Latino, and about 82 percent are economically disadvantaged. In Texas overall, Hispanics make up 51.3 percent of the student population, and 60.2 percent are economically disadvantaged.

Meier has identified Aldine as “a place where Hispanic teachers are consistently doing an excellent job.”

That's praise for Viola García, vice president of the school board and one of Cordova's “allies.”

The administrator “makes me feel there's someone on the board who understands Hispanics students,” said Cordova.

García joined the Aldine school board in 1992, when her daughters were students in the district. She says her presence on the board had an impact at the beginning, when the majority of the students were white and less attention was paid to minority students.

“We asked ourselves questions like, 'Who were the members of the selection committees?' 'Do we have representation from all the students?' 'Are we selecting administrators, counselors and teachers who have the cultural background to relate to the students and understand their needs?' 'Do we have literature that is adequate for all our students?'” García said.

“It was nothing dramatic, but asking those questions led the board to review those factors,” she added.

Hispanic teachers and administrators bring an important element to the table: empathy.

We asked ourselves questions like, 'Who were the members of the selection committees?' 'Do we have representation from all the students?' 'Are we selecting administrators, counselors and teachers who have the cultural background to relate to the students and understand their needs?'

They recognize cultural differences, can seek out bilingual employees to offer better services and expand classes for advanced students.

“Sometimes clients respond better to services offered by someone who knows their reality," said Meier. "Citizens tend to look for and trust bureaucrats who share their experiences. Latino students see Latino teachers as examples to follow.” And that applies not only to education, but to other areas like health services and public administration.

Nicolás Perla, who teaches Spanish, has been teaching in the Aldine district for 17 years.

“Some of my students are Salvadoran, and they immediately connect with me. Not just because I'm Salvadoran, but also because I'm Latino,” he said.

“I think they see themselves in me, there's a connection. They know I understand them,” he said. “I think they see me and say, 'Well, if he can be a teacher, then I can be a teacher, or a doctor or an engineer. Why not?' They have a model they can follow.”

publicidad

INCREASING THE NUMBER OF LATINO TEACHERS

Despite the positive impact that Hispanic teachers can have on their communities, the numbers remain relatively low.

While the percentages of both minority students and teachers have both increased, student growth far outpaced that of Hispanic teachers.

Nationwide, Hispanic and African American applicants for teaching jobs are hired at rates lower than those of white candidates, according to a Brookings Institution study.

Some of my students are Salvadoran, and they immediately connect with me. Not just because I'm Salvadoran, but also because I'm Latino.

Four years after graduating, 19.3 percent of the white applicants had worked as teachers, but the percentage dropped to 16.3 percent for African Americans and 17.6 percent for Hispanics.

Many Hispanic students in Aldine excel in Texas’ standardized exams. From 2003 to 2011, for example, the percentage of Hispanics passing the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test rose from 45 to 77 percent.

Aldine's success earned the district a prize as the best urban U.S. school district in 2009, when the low-income Hispanic students in all grades scored better in reading and math than their counterparts around the state.

But since 2012 – when the more difficult STAAR test was launched – the overall performance of the students in the district has declined.

The problem is made worse by the arrival of low-income students from immigrant families or students who speak another language and are just learning English, according to an analysis by the consulting firm Education First.

publicidad

During the 2014-2015 school year, when Aldine had 4,235 teachers, 25 percent of them were Hispanic. Meanwhile, the student body was 71 percent Hispanic.

Aldine now has more than 3,900 teachers. The district did not respond to Univision News’ questions about how many of those are Hispanic.

And while the percentage of Latino teachers in Aldine had risen since 2004, the gap with Hispanic students is now even bigger. Ten years ago, 19.5 percent of Aldine's teachers and 44.7 percent of its students were Hispanic.

Texas school boards now have 1,050 Hispanic members, double the number they had 20 years ago and nearly half the 2,344 Latinos on all U.S. school boards, according to a database from the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO).

But those numbers have not led to a sufficient increase in the number of Latino teachers in Texas schools. The state has the third biggest gap in the nation between the percentages of Latino students and teachers, behind New Mexico and California.

“The opportunities are there, but there are too few of us Hispanic teachers for an immense population of Latino students,” Perla said.

They grew up in Chicago and their husbands, the Flores twins (aka ‘Los Mellizos’), worked for the Sinaloa cartel. The twins later became DEA informants in Mexico who helped bring down El Chapo Guzman. They have written a book, Cartel Wives, telling their story as a lesson to others not to fall for the narco life, and they regret what they put their families through. "Our fathers put on their suit of armor and their badge, and they are going out there on the streets of Chicago,” Mia confesses. “It’s the very same streets that our husbands were flooding with drugs.”
Tras el escándalo que se desató con el productor de cine Harvey Weinstein, quien fue denunciando de acoso sexual por varias actrices famosas de Hollywood, La actriz Alyssa Milano utilizó el hashtag para que las mujeres denuncien el acoso sexual en Twitter y el movimiento ha crecido.
La asambleísta Christina García, quien forma parte a la campaña contra el acoso sexual en el trabajo y promueve la página wesaidenough.com, dijo sobre la medida en los centros educativos que es una manera de cambiar la cultura de la siguiente generación. El Departamento de Salud del Distrito Escolar Unificado de Los Ángeles informa que se enfocan en el desarrollo de la empatía.
La reclamación fue hecha por Summer Zervos, quien alega que el mandatario la llamó "mentirosa" durante la campaña presidencial. Zervos, que fue concursante en ‘The Apprentice’, ya había señalado a Trump en 2007 por supuesto acoso sexual.
El Shedd Aquarium está ofreciendo una exposición que utiliza el desperdicio plástico en los océanos y lagos para crear obras de arte. Se estima que la cantidad de escombro de plástico que entra en el Lago Míchigan al año equivalen a 100 piscinas de tamaño olímpico.
Patients with chronic diseases are getting limited treatment in health centers and are still waiting for restoration of power and water supply. Univision News visited several hospitals.
The 1998 hurricane killed 11,000 people in Honduras and Nicaragua and left more than a million homeless. As a result, the United States granted temporary visas to citizens from those countries who were living illegally in the U.S.
El sujeto cayó de la rueda de la fortuna mientras reparaba una de las góndolas, por fortuna no sufrió heridas graves, sin embargo, si causó un gran susto en quienes presenciaron el accidente.
The weather station in Key West, Florida, is sending weather balloons into the atmosphere to measure the powerful category 5 hurricane, which currently has winds of 175 miles per hour.
The Trump administration on Tuesday rescinded the DACA program that President Barack Obama introduced to protect the young undocumented immigrants known as Dreamers. Sessions said the program would be phased out over six months to allow Congress time to have another go at passing legislation.
Two brothers graduated from Harvard and Middlebury. They grew up in Houston and are practicing Christians. "Like "good Americans," they like Taco Bell. They have lived most of their lives in the United States and have a simple request for the president: "Do not get rid of DACA."
During a meeting in the Oval office Friday, the president was asked by reporters about the future of DACA, to which he responded that a decision was coming soon. "We love the dreamers, we love everyone," he added.
Nilsa Huete is an undocumented Honduran immigrant living in Key West, Florida. In the last five months, five of her family members have been arrested by agents from the Monroe County Sheriff's Office. Now she’s fighting against the deportation of her daughter and brother.
El estadio del equipo de béisbol fue el escenario para que múltiples agencias hicieran evidente el trabajo que realizan sin descanso para identificar, detener y enjuiciar a los responsables de estos delitos.
Una cámara de seguridad captó el momento en el que 12 hombres ingresan al negocio y realizan el robo. En otras noticias, amenaza de bomba en un colegio de Los Ángeles resultó ser falsa y Google inicia campaña para luchar contra la depresión.
La ex candidata a la Presidencia de Estados Unidos confiesa en su nuevo libro que en el segundo debate quería preguntarles a los asistentes cuando Donald Trump la seguía si fingirían que él no estaba o le dirían "apártate adefesio, aléjate de mí". 'Lo que pasó' saldrá a la venta el próximo 12 de septiembre.
Un mes después del paso del huracán María, Puerto Rico vive una lenta recuperación y sufre por regresar a la normalidad
Lourdes del Río y María Fernanda López, reporteras de Univision, analizan las acciones de la administración de Donald Trump por ayudar a Puerto Rico y la difícil situación que viven los residentes de la isla que, en su mayoría, no cuentan con servicio eléctrico, ni con suministro de agua potable y que libran una gran lucha por poder sobrevivir.
¿Cuba es la culpable de los ataques sónicos en contra de diplomáticos estadounidenses?
Ninoska Pérez Castelló, comentarista de Radio Mambí, cree que Cuba es la responsable del bienestar de los diplomáticos y deben tener y dar la garantía que este tipo de ataques no se van a repetir. Por otro lado, se analiza cómo se verá afectada la lotería de visas para los residentes de la isla.
Preocupación en el exilio cubano por la difícil situación con Estados Unidos generado por los presuntos ataques sónicos
El presidente Donald Trump aseguró que Cuba es culpable de los ataques sónicos en contra de algunos funcionarios, hecho que también ha generado complicaciones en el proceso de expedición de visas para residentes de la isla que ahora tendrán que viajar a Bogotá, Colombia, para poder obtenerlas. Wilfredo Allen, abogado de inmigración, explica los efectos de esta controversia.
¿Fue necesario declarar estado de emergencia por la visita de Richard Spencer a Gainesville?
El experto en terrorismo y seguridad internacional Arturo Garffer cree que la decisión del gobernador Rick Scott fue la más acertada porque tenía como fin prevenir que las protestas en contra de Richard Spencer se tornaran violentas y provocaran alguna tragedia. Finalmente, Carlos Chirinos explica la importancia que ha logrado tener Spencer en la política del país.
publicidad
Ciencias Naturales
Descubren un ducto de lava similar a una caverna bajo la superficie de la Luna
El descubrimiento fue realizado por un equipo de científicos japoneses y estadounidenses que utilizaron datos de las naves Selene y Grail para mapear acústicamente el enorme ducto de lava que podría ser usado como refugio para los astronautas durante sus misiones lunares.
María y la gasolina
"Puerto Rico poseía una penetración digital del 70 por ciento y la arrogancia en acero inoxidable de los países digitalizados. En pocas horas, María aplastó la arrogancia y la falsa abundancia que la sostenía" así comienza el escritor Héctor Feliciano una serie de crónicas sobre el paso del huracán sobre la isla.
¿Es la corrupción el principal problema de México? El tan tan de César Muñoz
Solo el 6 por ciento de los mexicanos cree que la democracia funciona en México y solo 2 por ciento confía en su gobierno, de acuerdo a datos del Centro PEW.
Cory Booker: "El trabajo de Trump en Puerto Rico no ha sido perfecto"
El senador por Nueva Jersey dice que aún falta mucho por hacer para ayudar a Puerto Rico y dice por qué decidió aprender español.
Arsenal se da un festín a costa del Everton
Los 'Gunners' vapulearon a los azules con una lluvia de goles en los minutos finales del partido.
Brasil tiene una ‘revancha chiquita’, eliminó a Alemania en el ‘Mundialito’
La ‘canarinha’ derrotó a los teutones por marcador de 2-1 y se clasificó a las semifinales de la Copa del Mundo Sub 17 que se celebra en la India.
Se acabó el sueño para el ‘Gullit’ y Herrera en la Copa de Escocia, Rangers fue eliminado
El conjunto que dirige Pedro Caixinha fue eliminado al perder en casa por marcador de 2-0 con el Motherwell.
Roma derrota al Torino con Héctor Moreno de titular
La ‘Loba’ sufrió para sacar el triunfo por la mínima diferencia ante un toro que dio batalla los 90 minutos; el mexicano tuvo su primer partido completo con los romanos.