Un pueblo de Texas es ejemplo de como los latinos cambian ese país con su trabajo y su cultura, venciendo muchos retos las personas demuestran que ayudan a la economía.
20 Sep 2021 – 12:00 AM EDT
>> tonight on a special edition
of "aqui y ahora," a texas townis an example of how latinos are
changing this country.>> neighborhoods have grown,
many stores, many streets.>> overcoming many challenges.
latino families in phoenixturned it into the fifth largest
latino city in the country.>> there is a lot of
construction, it is helping theeconomy.
>> many are asking if thepresence of more immigrants will
be reflected in the influenceand power of immigrants.
>> we are the future of theunited states of america.
>> for many, having their ownhome is the culmination of one
of their bigger streams.>> we should not be afraid of
our dreams but we should find away to make them come true.
>> how do latinos measure thesuccess they have achieved in
the last decade?>> hard workers are the ones who
xl, who make us strong in thiscountry.
>> how have they grown and whatrole will hispanics have in the
future of the united states?the nation that we are.
>> we are a nation that isreinventing itself.
that is indicated by the newdata from the census -- the
population census.latinos are the group that has
most grown in the last decade.i am teresa rodriguez.
vax i am patricia janiot,welcome to "aqui y ahora."
this is evident in a texas town.andy sandoval takes us to a
place where many forms havebecome urbanized and in the
streets, you can see a countrythat is increasingly diverse.
>> when we came here, it was asmall town.
you could get anywhere veryquickly.
you could see the fields.>> anna gloria fernandez
remembers when she arrived withher husband in the year 2000 to
open a restaurant.>> it has grown, there are more
neighborhoods, more stars, manystreets.
it is not the same town anymore.>> for her, becoming a pioneer
was never on the menu.>> all the people who have been
with us come from differentplaces.
mexico, south america,guatemala, el salvador.
they like this town a lotbecause of the tranquility we
have here.>> with 90,000 inhabitants, this
town near san antonio is thethird with the largest
demographic growth in the unitedstates.
according to the census office,this town is an example of what
is happening throughout thecountry.
>> the white, non-hispanicpopulation continues to be the
largest group, but i nextlargest group is the hispanic
group and in third place, wefind the black or
african-american population.>> this could be the motto of
the town -- lif is beautifulhere.
you see that on the water tank.the founders were german
immigrants who arrived over 170years ago.
in 1845, a man was reminded somuch of germany that he bought
this territory.for many people now, it is very
different from where they camefrom.
>> i like this place because itis calm.'
public schools are good.>> according to jose, this town
has given him the opportunity togrow and prosper.
>> i went to texas state insand marcos and that allowed me
to be able to dialogue with thepublic.
>> in 10 years, holly stowe,holly so, mexico went from being
a dishwasher to being a managerof this restaurant, and a
compass men that he admits wasnot easy to admit -- to achieve.
>> compared to now, people backthen in this town did not accept
a lot of people who are notamerican or german.
now, we can say that latinos arewelcome and they are given
opportunities.>> the possibility of a better
future and the investment ofmillions of dollars in
infrastructure has generated aneconomic boom not seen before in
the history of this town.in this german bakery, almost as
old as new braunfels, applestrudel and artisanal pastries
fly off the shelves.a number of hispanic businesses
have been opened to satisfy bothrecent arrivals and established
residence.>> i see a lot of hispanics, a
lot of americans, and i seefewer germans but they have
opened their doors to us.>> fernandez has seen her family
grow here in new braunfels.she is the owner of four
businesses that employ over 80people.
many, she says, are latinos thatcome from the most populous
cities in the country looking toimprove their quality of life.
>> we are grateful to all ofthese people who enjoy our food.
>> another side of the economicexperience is the high demand
for homes.according to official data, over
10,000 homes have been built innew braunfels since 2010 and
just last year, permits wereapproved for 1400 more.
this has made home prices riseand it has given immigrants like
antonio more work.>> my work includes
construction, remodeling.we do a little of everything.
>> he is 29 years old.until recently, he thought he
would continue working on hisfamilys ranch, until he heard
of new braunfels and packed hisbags.
>> i would like to build myfuture here with my family.
the town has been growing, ithas been progressing year after
year.i would like to stay here.
>> this brick layer works for aconstruction company run by a
young entrepreneur who is only22.
>> i have employees fromhonduras, mexico.
i think life with them haschanged a lot.
>> he was born in mexico but hisparents brought him here when he
was young.>> when i went to school, i
think that there were maybe 10of us in my class who spoke
spanish.>> according to him, new
braunfels back then wasdifferent.
>> that pushed me to learnenglish, because there were not
a lot of people to talk to.>> he says that he quickly
assimilated, and like the germanimmigrants, he fell in love with
this place.>> you could say it was a small
town before.there was a couple stores and
now we have many stores.we have jobs everywhere.
>> according to him, remainingin new braunfels has been one of
the best decisions of his life.today, he is closer to achieving
one of his goals.>> i bought a plot of land, the
perfect place to build myfuture.
the plan is to build 10 to 20homes and start an airbnb
business.it >> many people who have lived
here their whole life fear thatthe growing population of new
braunfels will change theessence of this small town.
>> i feel like i am in myhometown, my country.
we all know each other.>>, for them -- >> for them,
fernandez has the followingresponse.
>> we open our arms, we hope youwill continue visiting us.
>> she says there is more thatwe have in common than what
separates us.>> later, families respond to
whether their life has improvedin the last 10 years, but before
, what is the city of phoenixdoing to♪
>> in the last 10 years,phoenix, arizona, which saw the
largest growth in the countryaccording to the 2020 census,
surpassed philadelphia and it isnow the fifth largest city in
the united states.hispanics are largely the reason
why.there will be a new great city
in the middle of the desert.>> extreme heat, low humidity,
and three digit temperatures.despite this, jessie says he is
happy.he recently moved here and is
one of the newest residence.backs you can tell the
difference -->> you can tell the difference,
maybe because of the climate.it reminds me of tijuana.
>> jesse was born in tijuana andfrom the age of seven, she helps
her mother at a fruit stand.>> we sold breakfast to the
people who work there.and she works at a fruit and
vegetable stand.>> that is how she met jose.
>> he asked for permission tovisit me at my house.
after we took another step, heasked for permission to be my
formal boyfriend.>> years passed until one day --
>> i realized i was pregnant.>> the newborn baby did not
survive.>> he lived nine days.
>> it is a pain that she says,10 years later, still hurts deep
in her heart.after a while, who is a migrated
to the united states to work inthe construction industry and
jesse got some other news,another baby was on the way.
>> i stayed in to one until iwas five months pregnant, when
he was able to gather enoughmoney to pay for my weight and.
>> they settled in chicago forwork.
that is where matalin and jaclynwere born.
>> things are more expensive.>> the economic situation was
difficult and they found a jobin phoenix.
>> i sold everything i had.the only thing i brought with me
was clothing and my daughters'toys.
she ended up in an apartment.she never imagined everything
phoenix had in store for her.>> maribel and tony garcia are
community leaders who lived inthe city for 20 years.
they see a big transformation interms of infrastructure since
they arrived.public transportation buildings
and this park in theirneighborhood which had been
abandoned and is now one oftheir favorites.
backs -- >> there have been manychanges because before, there
were not many latinos.>> they say the political
climate has also changed.without share of joe arpaio and
president donald trump out ofpower.
>> people used to be afraid allthe time with them in power, but
now that community does not feelthat fear anymore.
that fear of going out andenjoying time with your
children.that fear has ended.
we feel more peace in our dailylives as hispanics.
>> they have seen transformationin the last few years.
backs in terms of construction,things are growing.
it is helping the economy.now it is not even enough --
there is not even enough labor.>> maribel and tony say friends
from other states are comingwhom they had not seen since
they lived in mexico or yearsbefore.
nancy is one of them.she moved to fort worth many
years ago.>> we met taking our children to
kindergarten.>> then what happened?
>> we have a beautifulfriendship.
>> nancy moved to texas becauseof work.
>> why did you return?>> because we preferred here in
phoenix than in texas.>> the problem is when she
returned, it was difficult,impossible to buy a new house.
>> we have been looking forproperty for a year.
but the prices are too high andrentals are also very expensive.
>> nancy says there were otherreasons to move back.
>> we are happy she returned tophoenix because we really
appreciate her and her family.>> maribel and her family mean a
lot to us.>> whatever the reason, latinos
who have come here havetransformed the local economy,
but they do not have a greatershare of political
participation.>> 46% of the population in
phoenix identifies as hispanicor latino compared to 42.5% of
the population that identifiesas white, non-hispanic.
that makes hispanics have anarrow majority.
according to juan, manager ofthe economic development
department in phoenix,everything changed after the
2008 recession when the economyimproved.
>> people who come here find iteasy to either start a business
or find a job.finding a job here is easy.
>> although prices areincreasing, he says that the
city continues to be attractive.>> when we compare it to other
states, we are an alternative tomany other businesses.
>> according to the experts, thefuture of the city is promising.
the average age of thepopulation is 37.
before she moved here, she wasconcerned for two reasons.
>> it was very hot and we wereafraid of not being accepted.
>> when she moved here, makingrent was a constant concern.
>> we just had a couch and atable and little by little, we
acquired more things.>> she says, a year later, they
had a big opportunity.>> we had the opportunity to buy
something.we dont have enough for a
$30,000 down payment for aregular house.
my husband said we should startsomewhere.
>> that is how they acquiredthis mobile home on a piece of
land that they rent.she is excited when she sees the
journey they have had.>> it means we are advancing.
we have not stagnated.my daughters have a place to run
and play.with god and the virgin, we are
always grateful to them.i also say, i think -- i feel
think for to god because --thankful to god because i have
the opportunity to be the motherto that little angel, although
he left too soon, he came with apurpose.
he did not last very long here,but he brought his father and me
together.and he helped us get ahead.
>> do you feel him with you inphoenix?
>> wherever i go, i feel he iswith me.
ask when we return, some win andsome lose.
how the results of the censuswill change the influence and
power of latinos♪
>> knowing how many of us thereare, important issues like
comedy congresspeople a statewill have, what percentage the
health budget will go to thecity and how many new skills
will be billed.carmen escobosa tells us how
data from the census will definehow latinos are represented
throughout the country.♪
>> according to the new census,six states got an additional
representative in the house ofrepresentatives.
texas, colorado, florida, northcarolina, california -- and
seven lots one, california,michigan, pennsylvania, and west
virginia.>> so far, we have lost a
representative in the congress.>> kevin is a congressman in the
los angeles 14th district.he says although they have not
lost a seat in california, itwill probably happen because in
the results that have beenrevealed so far, they have not
counted everyone who is there,he says.
he cites his district as anexample.
>> it is in undercount.particularly of latino
immigrants who are undocumented.>>s district includes parts of
los angeles and communities likeeagle rock, highland park, and
lincoln heights, among others,as well as the iconic boyle
heights community.>> for me, it is the cradle of
mexicanness at the nationallevel, the way harlem is for
african-americans in new york.backs is also one of the poorest
-- >> it is also one of thepoorest and with a lower
population.>> i am worried that we will
lack federal funds, particularlyfor the poorer areas.
>> aggravating the currentsituation.
>> los angeles is the capital ofthe homeless population in our
country, but my district, number14, is the epicenter.
i have more immigrants in mydistrict event any city in our
country, with the exception ofnew york.
>> were they counted properly,he asks himself.
his district also has thehighest amount -- number of
immigrants from central andsouth america.
>> although they are notcitizens or legal residents,
they are human beings whodeserve dignity and respect.
>> juan is a politicalconsultant.
>> the american country hasgrown little in the last few
years.we are seeing that in this
decade, it only grewapproximately 7.4%.
but we grew, we were responsiblefor over half the population
growth.>> for him, the conclusion is
easy.>> we are the future of the
united states of america.>> fernandes comes from texas,
one of the states that earned aseat.
>> we are talking about placeslike san antonio where we are no
longer a minority, we are 55%.hispanics are in san antonio, in
los angeles we are 45%.in dallas, 30%.
in new york, 24.6%.chicago, 22%.
and miami, 66%.>> i asked, can i be counted?
>> many years ago, consuelo camefrom el salvador to the san
fernando valley.she is 30 miles from district 14
and in contrast, there is alarge increase of inhabitants
there.she said she has never felt so
much fear because of being animmigrant when she heard that
there would be a citizenshipquestion on the senses.
she got concerned.>> i thought i would be
deported.>> consuelo bought a house
behind another property.>> i thought the only counted
citizens or legal residents orpeople who live in front.
>> the last thing they wantedwas to run a risk of being
counted.>> the fear that our communities
live with here is very deep.>> she is a political scientist.
>> i felt frustrated saying thatmy latino community did not want
to be counted.on the other hand, you
understand their fears.>> she worked so her community
would overcome their fear andfill out the census forms.
she planted a seed of doubt inconsuelo.
>> she says, it has nothing todo with this.
immigration is not involved inthe census.
>> trump putsch to includequestions about citizenship
status.>> it was a question that in the
end was not included, but thefear had been planted.
to kevin, there is no doubt thatthe proposed question fulfilled
its intention.>> donald trump is trying to do
everything he could to producethe funds detonated -- funds
destined for our lower incomeneighborhoods.
areas that have a largeconcentration of latinos.
>> we can pay with 1, 5, or 10.>> in east l.a., there was also
a drop in the population of atleast 6%.
>> the -- did you respond to thecensus?
>> no, i couldnt and i did notwant to.
>> why?>> it is a personal decision.
you do what you want to do.if it does not affect me, i
dont have to get involved.it is my life.
>> he says that theredistricting that will take
place in january 2022 will be acomplicated process, but that
latinos should work in that aswell.
>> becoming involved inredistricting and not allowing a
single party to district intheir favor.
>> she gave texas as an example.>> in dallas-fort worth, there
is a district that begins indallas, then it goes up, goes
back down, then turns around,just to keep enough people from
a single party.that is not fair.
>> she hopes she will get thebenefits of a large population
in san fernando.lisa has friends that worry
about this.and congressman deleon says the
battle for a precise count isjust beginning.
>> it is explosive.>> fernandes says people should
participate and vote.>> it needs to be celebrated.
>> after break, what are somefamilies doing to fulfill their
dream of having♪
>> in the last 10 years,homebuilding has increased close
to 7% according to the 2020census.
the biggest increase was intexas and north dakota, while in
texas many homes were lostbecause of the natural disasters
and economic crisis.next, a story of two families
looking for their dream.>> we met roberto, a mexican
immigrant, and his twograndchildren, both 12, in front
of the shelter where they havebeen staying for the last week.
>> the kids are all right here.>> he has lived in the united
states for over 30 years andworked in construction.
he was able to raise hisgrandchildren with that job.
>> their parents were deported,they only have me.
>> like so many people whosuffered personal and economic
losses during the pandemic,roberto and his children -- his
grandchildren are among the 1%increase in the poverty rate.
>> we have a large unemploymentrate, especially among latinos
and african-americans.in many cities, we might see
mass evictions.>> i was working well until
2020, when covid came.my wife died of covid in 2020.
>> he says that last december,he had an accident on a jobsite
when he stepped on a screw.>> it began to get infected, it
got black.>> did you have health
insurance?>> i was told i did not have
health insurance and i was toldthat the owner of the company
might send me -- might report meto immigration.
so he would not be responsible.i did not do anything.
>> because he was diabetic, thesituation worsened.
>> in january, my foot wasremoved.
>> he shows the prosthetic heuses to walk.
>> i could not work anymore.i could only pay the rent.
>> the three lived in thishouse.
he owed several months of rent.>> one day, i came home and
everything was outside.ask what little they were able
to save -- >> what little theywere able to save, the store in
this car borrowed from a friend.on the other side, there were
many people who were able to buytheir first house, particularly
in the suburbs of big cities.>> people want more space, it is
normal.when we have more money, we want
more space.when you have access to more
land, the pandemic may haveincreased the push towards the
suburbs.>> both hispanics continue to
live in states near the border,like california, arizona, new
mexico, and texas, but there arealso high concentrations in new
york and florida.this woman is of human origin
and is the mother -- singlemother of a five-year-old.
a year ago, she began lookingfor a home.
>> i went to severalinstitutions that helped with
the purchase of a home but icould not qualify because of my
credit rating, because of myeconomic situation, and the time
i had been at my job.ask -- >> an engineering
technician decided to wait andfound a nonprofit organization
that offers workshops for peoplewho want to become homeowners.
>> they told me how to proceedto fulfill all of the
requirements.i needed to work on my credit, i
need to improve my economicsituation, i needed time for the
bank to consider me economicallystable.
>> blood sacrifices if youundergo?
>> the pandemic began at thattime and then i lost my job for
a month.about eight weeks.
so i had expenses.i could not go to the -- i could
not pedicures.>> she learned there was help
out there.>> i did not know that the
government could give you aloan.
for closing costs.lacks the process of -- >> the
process of buying a home tookthree months and she got 3% help
in closing costs which allowedher to finally buy the house she
so wanted.>> the federal reserve dropped
interest rates.it was the perfect opportunity
to buy.also, the pandemic was a time to
reevaluate your decisions.>> what did you learn during
this process?>> i had the luck that i had, a
good team that guided me.i learned nothing was
impossible.>> she said it is reflected in
the face of young isabella.meanwhile, roberto is grateful
that they get three meals a dayand have a place to sleep.
though he and his -- so he andhis grandchildren can get up the
following morning with somethingthat motivates them to continue.
>> what do you want to say toyour grandfather?
ask he is like my father.even though he is my
grandfather, he is like afriend.
>> he taught me everything.>> roberto says that this gives
him the strength he needs.>> i have to work.
i live for these children.>> eileen shares that same
reason.having a home is the treasure
she never imagined.>> it is wonderful, i feel
happy.it is a big accomplishment for
me.something good for me and my
family.i feel free.
one should not be afraid ofones dreams.
>> according to the census, theethnic group with the highest
increase in homeownership in thelast two years -- few years is
the hispanic community.>> how do you see the future for
hispanics in the united statesand economic terms, in terms of
homeownership?ask hispanics in general -- >>
hispanics in general cancontinue getting an education,
and as they get betterprofessions, i see no reason why
they cannot continue to prosper.>> when we return, latino♪
>> the pandemic became the worstenemy for the advances that
latino families had made in theunited states in the last 10
years.these data show that juan carlos
aguiar spoke with two familieswho talk about their hope for a
better future.>> since he arrived in the
united states, pedro has workedthe land.
>> you can accomplish anything.those of us who grew up working
in the farms, especially.>> it started 30 years ago from
the bottom when he came frommexico and soon discovered the
secret to getting ahead in theunited states.
>> i would say success is notdeciding what you want and
working hard, very hard all thetime and have a lot of faith,
never those your faith.>> destiny smiled upon him.
but in the last 10 years, lifehas become harder.
>> people who earn an hourlywage earned that money and then
have to pay it.when you have children or
family, you dont have a lot towork with.
>> this person deals with thatreality.
she lives 50 miles from theranch.
>> it has always been up anddown.
when a woman falls, it is hardfor us to get ahead.
>> she ended up without a home,living in a shelter, separated
temporarily from her daughters.>> seeing them asleep in the
shelter, it was terrible.>> she has fallen and she has
gotten back up only to fallagain, and keep struggling.
>> i remember sleeping in thecar with my son at a parking lot
with all of my belongings in thecar thinking about what i would
do.>> nothing has destroyed the
hope of this immigrant whoarrived as a child.
>> i have been a waitress.i have driven.
i was an assistant for peoplewith limited mobility.
i have done everything to helpmy children so they can be with
me and so we would not be on thestreets.
>> for this economist, thehispanic strength in the united
states is people do not give upin the face of adversity.
>> history in the united statesis about overcoming challenges.
if we think of the essence ofcoming to the united states, it
is coming to improve.>> the last decade, with its
seat -- with its economicsetbacks, by 2020, 70% of
hispanics was living and -- 70%of hispanics was living -- 17%
of hispanics was living inpoverty.
>> things have not improved inthe way we all would have liked.
>> this person agrees.>> in the last 10 years, it has
been difficult.>> these economic blows have
affected minorities the most.among them, hispanics.
>> the sectors most affected aresectors with a high density of
hispanic participation.>> pedros children practice
their music.his father says that schooling
is the way.>> they have had a chance to go
to school.i think that my job with my wife
is to make sure to get aneducation and become somebody in
life.>> the economist agrees.
>> the population needs to beeducated.
they need to get a formaleducation.
that is the big challenge forthe population and for the
>> i know that we can get into ahole and think, that is it, i
can never get out.we focus on all the bad things.
>> for experts with a quality oflife and good health, it takes a
lot of money.>> it represents 20% of
spending, the number one reasonthat provoked bankruptcy.
lacks to get better health careis perhaps -- >> to get better
health care is perhaps thebiggest concern in this country,
something that the government isnot entirely involved in.
>> we need to focus on ourhealth in a preventative way.
>> have things improved in thelast decade?
for gimenez, the response issimple.
>> i think that there has beenhelp from the program known as
obamacare.>> the numbers are not as
favorable for our community, butsome experts say if hispanics
can reach agreement on topicslike the economy, education,
health, or living situations, wecould, by 2030, become the most
influential minority in thecountry.
might we are compasses in thenext 10 years?
some, like pedro, have ananswer.
>> sincerely, this is anadvanced country, a very
developed country.i remain optimistic that we will
have good opportunities.>> some might say that pedros
economic situation gives himthis attitude.
>> what happens in the next 10years?
>> i have a house, i become anamerican completely, i got to
have a car that runs, i got tohave good credit.
>> to accomplish that, will youtake a bet on the new generation
of hispanics in the unitedstates?
>> we need more peoplegraduating from universities.
people with masters degrees anddoctorate degrees.
we need to be in the sciences,in engineering.
>> among his plans, hediscovered that latinos have a
future in the united states.>> hispanic people from central
america, hard workers, these arethe people that get ahead and
make us strong in this country.>> this is reflected in the
numbers that economists have.>> the direction latinos are
going in is the direction theunited states is going in.
50% of the population growth inthe united states was among the
hispanic population.>> the 2020 census results meet
something very clear, the futureis now.
and hispanics are an importantpart of it.
>> experts think that progressfor latinos in the united states
will depend on itsentrepreneurial spirit, which
will be fundamental in theconstruction of a better future.
>> that is correct.press,
apa, and univision.this and other stories on "aqui
y ahora.">> that brings us to the end of