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Aquí y Ahora - 28 de marzo, 2021

29 Mar 2021 – 12:00 AM EDT

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nwhile the white house is looking for cooperation with neighborsto the south, many families embark on the trip up north.>> i dont know if i will ever see my son again.>> the travelers say they are fleeing poverty and violence.>> anthony, anthony, i was looking for the child.he was not answering the phone. >> they think their loved onesare at the bottom of these deep waters.>> a dog or a cat, a bunny, it was a human being.>> trauma nurses reveal what the last year has been like forthem. >> the number is so high, it ishard to count. >> this person had to sellpreserves to earn a living. >> this and more tonight on"aqui y ahora." >> thousands of undocumentedmigrants are using new routes to cross mexico into the unitedstates. >> and, patricia, many of thesepeople are underage, and they face increasing controls on thesouthern border. i am teresa rodraguez.>> welcome to "aqui y ahora." many families lost everythingafter hurricanes devastated central america last season.nature is also responsible for migration.>> these are the last hours of the ramose family in under us.>> we are saying goodbye, right? >> he is 26 and his wife is 25.despite their youth, they have learned how to lose.>> the hurricanes did not leave us anything.not a bad, not a place to sleep. >> four months ago, twohurricanes affected a large portion of central america,leaving behind chaos and desperation.>> they took away our dreams, our hopes.>> that home, but with a lot of work, -- they were on the streetwith their kids. >> we were on the streets forabout a month. >> with two suitcases theypacked what was left and they began a journey to the unitedstates, all four of them. by san pedro sula, this womansarea was also devastated. >> many houses were destroyed.we lost almost everything. >> there were many losses.>> today she spends her days weaving hammocks where otherpeoples dreams can reside, but not her familys.>> i had three children. one also makes hammocks.when there is work, people find him.>> and the youngest, oscar. a month ago also begin a trip tomexico -- a trip to the united states.>> we dont always have food to eat.that is why my son decided to go.>> the 18-year-old lost his job after the hurricanes and hecould not support his six month old child.>> he does not have a way to give his child milk, bread,food. >> she has not heard from oscarin two weeks. he called her from mexico to sayhe was trying to cross into the united states.>> he was traveling with a friend who had a family memberand he decided to go with them to cross the border.>> alone like oscar or traveling with a family like the ramosfamily, they know the dangers they will face.there are kidnappings, robberies, the train.there are many dangers, but we are risking it because there isno other way out. >> these are risks she heardabout when oscar left. she is worried about her son.>> my son has left. i dont know if i will see himagain. there are so many dangers on theway. >> almost 1500 miles separatesan pedro sula from tamaulipas, an area where many people cross.along the way, there are terminal organizations and drugtraffickers. >> im going to do what i can.if i have to die along the way, i will.these are my children. >> they make the journey withlittle money saved up or as a result of selling what littlethey have. >> i hope to get there with whati have. >> about $290 with his childrennaomi and who sway -- and josue. he and his wife are looking fora better life. >> the paradox is while some areleaving toward the united states, others are returning.the vast majority, because they have been deported.that is the case of men while antilles -- manuel antilles whoarrived in san pedro sula during the pandemic.>> i was in the deportation process for six months.>> he traveled to the united states with the youngest of hisdaughters. a six-year-old, after hissisters insistence. >> i did not want to go, but mysister insisted you should come for your familys future.>> a mechanic and a professional welder.but in texas, he had to learn new skills.>> i worked in construction, remodeling apartments.but you dont make much money. when you arrive, you dont makemuch money. >> things were not as they weremade to be in under us, -- honduras.he heard of prosperity in the united states.>> it is hard, you cannot send much money.>> even three years ago, when he was heading north, difficultiesbegan. >> it is a very difficultjourney. >> a little girl fell and losther vision. >> they are usually looking fora better life for their children.that is what carlos ramos says. >> we are looking for a betterlife for them, a better future. >> they sometimes end upseparated, as happened to this man.he has not embraced his daughter in over a year since he wasarrested. >> i had to give custody to mysister. asking her to send her to melater. >> minutes after heading towardthe united states, she prayed with her husband and childrenbecause there was no way back. >> it is very difficult to be inhundred us. we cannot continue -- hondurals.we cannot continue this way. >> they got on a bus and startedfrom zero, like manuel did, but he returned to honduras with hisdaughters. no one knows what will happen tothe ramos family or with oscar garcia during his trajectory.thousands of immigrants are arriving at the border.there is no guarantee they will be able to cross or even remain.they say they are willing to risk it all.>> when we return, many families say they are leaving theirfamilies -- their countries because of uncontrolledon "aqui y ahora," violence.ahora♪ >> although poverty is forcingpeople to leave their countries, another cause is an undeclaredwar. not even the pandemic preventeda bloodbath in countries like 2020, there were the same number of massacres as carlos tells us why many people feel forced out byviolence. >> anthony romero had notvisited her grave since his mother died.there was a lot of pain. but you make yourself strong.>> he brought her colorful flowers to decorate the woodencross he built himself. >> she never wanted to be buriedthere. >> she did not want to be buriedhere. >> romero is the son of norm abardales, one of three victims of a mass killing last august.shots were heard in this rural neighborhood.>> i entered the room when the shooting began.>> a sister to her members the night of the massacre as being areal hell. >> i yelled anthony, anthony.i was looking for the child. i called him on the phone.i thought if he was visiting there, he has been killed.>> when she found out romero was sleeping, she looked for theyounger sister. they told her she was withbardales. the police was coming and theyhad the girl with her. >> she visited the house for thefirst time where the bullet holes left a mark.>> she did not deserve to die this way.she did not deserve this kind of death.>> sadly, this is not an isolated case in honduras in thepandemic. there has been about onemassacre per week although san pedro sula is one of the mostaffected cities, at least 15 other cities face the situation.>> this continues despite the fact people need to be inconfinement. >> for an attack to beconsidered a massacre, there has to be at least three victims.>> we have had 33 massacres with over 100 victims.>> this affects vulnerable families most, like the romero-- like romero, who lost his mother without being able to saygoodbye or bury her the way she wanted.>> bonilla believes her neighbor was killed accidentally.bullets were intended to be in her house.>> i think if she knew the pain her death caused, she would havegotten away from those men. >> all that remains is tocontinue rearing the two children that she left behind.>> how i wish i could turn back time and have her with me again.>> these homicides are hard to investigate, particularlybecause of the pandemic. the commune occasions directorfor the police department says the causes are diverse.>> some are provoked by gangs where they find someone who isthere mark -- their market, and they will kill people who arewith that person. >> authorities have increasedtheir measures. >> we have focused on areas withthe highest death rates. >> these areas are a battlefieldfor drug cartels. >> there are criminal structuresthat operate outside the country.they have come to cultivate, to produce cocaine through theirlaboratories. >> illicit drugs have the virusfar from their borders. >> they are sending drugs tonearby countries. ultimately, they go to theunited states and europe. >> these violent acts haveunchanged these margins to the united states.under the donald trump administration, it was hard torequest political asylum. many preferred risking coming tothe united states rather than facing certain death inhonduras. the question many people ask ishow much more might this immigration increase with joebiden as president? despite their best efforts,crime does not stop. almost two months after thedeath of norma bardales, there was another massacre not farfrom there. >> it was about 7:05 brother called saying i should come over because afamily had been massacred. >> when he arrived, margarito zavala found out the attack had been against his family andfriends. three died in the house andthree managed to hide from the cascade of bullets.>> they killed who they were going to kill.since then, zavala tries to understand why someone wouldwant to kill three people between the ages of 68 and 72.>> no one anticipates a situation like this because ifyou are on the right path, if you are behaving like a goodperson, you dont expect some thing like this.>> francisca zavala and her husband were retired teachers.the third victim was marcos zavala.they had not been threatened, but they were targeted.>> these people entered their home and killed them.>> marvin lopez is a police officer in the area who isparticipating in the investigation.the increased security after the last homicide.>> we have motorized patrols, patrols on horse, on bicycles.>> these operatives do not calm margaritos feeling there willbe no justice. >> justice in this country doesnot work. >> in several regions ofhonduras, people prefer going to their homes early.danger rises at night and they are afraid of becoming anotherstatistic. >> their fear is not unfounded.and while violence continues in the northern triangle in centralamerica, the u.n. says that last seasons hurricanes left over5,300,000 people homeless or without a job.we will be back. >> when we return, they say noone is a prophet in their own land.but before that, desperate parents look for their lovedones. in the♪ >> family members of disappearedpeople in mexico worry that their loved ones may have beendumped into deep waters to prevent their bodies from beingfound. carmen eskimos a -- escavosatells us what a family has experienced in tamaulipas inmexico. >> if someone does not haveweights attached to them, within three days, they will float tothe top. being way down, they will neverfloat up. >> this is the vicente guerrerodam. about 30 minutes from ciudadvictoria, capital of tamaulipas. there are horror stories, butalso stories of hope. edmundpo and his wife believetheir daughter might be in those waters.she disappeared six years ago while he was working.>> he was a debt collector. >> they lost contact with himand have never heard from him again.he got together with josefina de leon.>> i had heard the bodies were being thrown into the water.>> day time -- they tie them w ith barbed wire and weights. >> this woman lost her daughternine years ago. she was 25 at the time.she was a criminologist. and worked for the prosecutorsoffice in tamaulipas. >> she planned on gaining moreexperience and eventually leaving the country.>> de leon does not believe her daughter is at the bottom of thereservoir, but she has doubts about edmundos son, so shebegan to think about how to search the bottom of the body ofwater. >> in columbia, there is a groupof journalists who conducted an investigation.>> this is celia guerreros, an independent journalist in mysicko city -- mexico city. >> they heard the report fromthese colombian journalists and something cross their mind.>> we had this notion that maybe these types of searches werebeing conducted in mexico. >> meanwhile in tamaulipas, deleon continued asking for help from authorities to conduct asearch. >> it took a year to develop aplan. we would need a boat, we wouldneed personnel, a camera we could drop in the water.>> the journalists in mexico city were doing their own thing.>> we had been investigating the matter of searches in bodies ofwater for a few months. >> like many family members, sherenews her hope. >> i was very concerned.i had hoped and had faith we might find him.>> the day finally arrived. on a boat, there were fivepeople including -- a smaller boat where members of themarine corps. all of them felt some fear.some worries. after all, many criminal groupswere based around here. and tamaulipas has experienced alot of violence. their search presented manyunexpected factors. >> there are currents we did notknow. we did not know about thecurrents below. not at the top.>> it is also completely dark at the bottom.that only do they need specialized equipment, butexpert scuba divers. and after several hours.>> we found something. >> they were not able to recoverthe body. >> you cannot remove thoseremains just like that. you need to preserve them inwater until the remains can be analyzed.>> we did not lose a dog, cat, a bird.we lost a human being. i am well aware of that.i need to keep looking for him. >> when they were getting readyto return, now with more preparation, the pandemicbrought their efforts to an end. they dont know when they willbe able to resume, but they hope to find support inside andoutside of mexico to rescue human remains and give peace totheir loved ones. >> journalists began the onlypodcast about bodies submerged underwater and their search.>> house at -- how sad. the drought has dropped levelsof water by half and rescuers feel frustrated because they saytime is passing and they are swimming upstream.we will return with more "aqui y ahora."after a break. committed to their mission,nurses say they♪ >> parties on the streets andpeople on the beach. forcing cities to shut down.they are afraid of another surge of covid-19 cases that willprolong the pandemic. nurses were at the frontline.>> these images are not from 2019.they are from this week. from texas to florida.>> like people think the coronavirus pandemic does notexist. >> it seems like the party doesnot end for thousands of young people and tourists who arecelebrating the end of the pandemic and lockdownrestrictions. >> this is the covid unit.♪ >> here in the intensive careunit at jackson memorial hospital in miami, the war onthe pandemic continues. >> it continues, yes.>> the situation does not seem to have changed much from lastyear. >> how is your patient?>> i have two and three. >> how was two?>> so so. >> they are part of an 85 personteam that has been caring for patients for over a year.>> the patient was here this morning, but died today.>> according to the centers for disease control and prevention,infection rates have dropped from 250,000 a week to about56,000 a week. for this head of intensive careunits, the restrictions -- the easing of restrictions in manystates may be sending the wrong message.>> it is still too soon to lift these restrictions on abig scale. >> according to her, especiallyin florida, where the b.1.1.7 variant has taken hold.>> there are not enough health care professionals.particularly nurses, who can care for covid patients,especially if there is another wave, another surge with manypatients. >> i never imagined i would be anurse at that moment of the pandemic.i thought to myself, wow. i feel like these patients areamazing. >> i am your nurse, how do youfeel? lets see.squeeze my hand. >> for many nurses, the last 12months have been extremely difficult.>> lets see. >> they have put to the test notonly their nursing knowledge, but with colleagues infected bycovid and their own fear of getting sick, she remembershaving to face rejection outside the hospital.>> these nurses have seen the worst of covid-19 for over ayear. a pandemic they say has shapedtheir lives forever. how many people have you seendave covid? -- die of covid?>> the number is so large it is difficult to count.i have seen more people die of covid then survive.>> it is not just statistics. it is how her patients havedied. far from their families.the nurses and up being -- end up being at risk between lifeand death. she will never forget one of thepatients who first died under her care.he had been in the icu for seven days and there was nothing theycould do to save his life, only be with him at his death.>> i grabbed his hand and i said , you are at peace are not feeling any more pain.i said this to him in spanish. the truth is, i started crying.i knew his mother was not there, his parents were not there,there was no one from his are you feeling? how do you feel today?can you answer? i spoke with your wife.she sends her regards. >> the last year has affectedthe health of many health care professionals in the unitedstates. according to a survey, 82percent say they are exhausted and 45% say they did not havethe necessary emotional support. >> i have experienced so muchstress after all this. i have not had any kind oftherapy. >> you cannot get used to always want the best, right? ♪>> after a day of intense work, alex and laura returned to theirworld away from the hospital and the battlefield.>> for this veteran nurse, she finds tranquility with her dogs.a family that understands her. for laura, finds peace bypracticing yoga. >> i had to start doing thingsand not feel anger coming to work and giving everything ican. >> this is how these nurses facethe pandemic. they find the strength tocontinue. >> the truth is that they arereal heroines. according to the centers fordisease control and prevention, after three months of avaccination campaign, 77 -- 70% of people over the age of six t5have received one dose of the vaccine.this has dropped the number of visits from this group toemergency rooms. deaths have dropped below 1000per day after being at 3400 per day in least 20 states plan to vaccinate all adults in a matterof weeks. that is good news.we will be back with more. >> when we return, she knew whatshe wanted.♪ >> they say no one is a profitin their own land. the story we are about to tellhas a lot to do with a young woman and her goal.despite having to sacrifice being with her family in hercountry, glass marcano had to sell food before she was able toconduct an entire orchestra. ♪>> her artistic name is glass the age of 25, she is an orchestra conductor in paris.>> when i am at the podium, i have is my happy place. i just concentrate on the music.i go crazy conducting. >> a passion that she says takescontrol of her. >> it is like a vibration inyour body when you conduct >> that moment belongs to theorchestra and me, that is all. >> to appreciate her tenacity,you have to travel far to san felipe venezuela, where in 1995,gladysmarli del valle vadel marcano was born.>> i was someone who misbehaved. someone came to my mother andsaid, look. they are going to open a musicschool. classical music can help calmher down. >> at the age of four, thisrestless girl began her musical journey.>> i always had that love for day i was walking and i thought, how is it possible thatan adolescent person to be happy not being in an orchestra?i will never forget that moment. >> in january 2000 six, she wasaccepted into the symphonic orchestra in her city.then a youth orchestra as a violinist.that was the first time she dropped she might also be ableto hold a baton. >> i was playing in theorchestra. and then i director -- myconductor made this gesture that was so interesting that i wasstruck by it and imagine myself doing the same.>> marcano went to study law in caracas.a friend of hers said she could take classes in orchestra at anearby university. >> it is like a light bulb wentoff. i thought, i am on my path.>> she pursued both career paths until one day she asked herselfif there might be a conducting contest.>> i go to the orchestras office.i searched for a contest in 2019.suddenly i see la maestra. >> la maestra is a contest atthe fil harmonic in paris for women was the first time it was was a great opportunity, but she was disappointed when shesaw the cost to register. >> i turned off the computer andi went back to practice. that is where my excitementended. >> her mother was the first inencouraging her. >> you have to do it, youregoing to win. >> it was 150 euros.where my going to get that money?my mom always had faith in me. >> there was another problem.the contest was in paris. >> a friend of mine was livingin madrid and she said, what if i lend you my european accountand we launch a campaign to raise funds for you?>> so my mom said, lets do it. so we launched the campaign.>> for three months she sold fruit and preserves with herfamily. >> she became very popular.>> i would sell preserves and every week i earned five or sixdollars. >> once she had the money, therewere other challenges. the pandemic and thecancellation of international flights.>> how were you able to leave venezuela?>> i had to be in paris on september 14.i thought, ok, im not going to paris, it will be another time.i told this to my teacher and she said, dont lose faith.let me make a call and we will talk.>> that teacher accomplished getting her on a humanitarianflight. >> i was on a flight to madridand was able to travel to paris. >> she arrived the day of thecontest. >> when we landed, i saw theeiffel tower and i thought, we did it.this was my moment, it was now or never.>> she was luckily the last one. to conduct, so her performancewould be the following day. >> my mother gave me a letter.she said read this before you take the said, you are a winner regardless of what will triumph, dont worry about what you know how to do, which is are a winner being there already.enjoy the moment. do what you know how to know how to do music. conduct with your passion.>> despite reaching the semifinals, she did not win themain award. to her surprise, she was calledon stage. >> i thought i was going to geta participation certificate. and then my companion said to me, you just won the orchestra prize.i said, really? >> because she did not speakenglish or french, she did not understand she had won.>> i found out i was the favorite conductor from theorchestra. >> i just got the orchestraward. -- award.>> then life give her more opportunities.she remained in paris, or she studies orchestra conducting andworks as a conductor. despite missing her family, sheknows she needs to take advantage of this opportunity.>> people see orchestra conducting, which is heavilymale, but i think women are taking a broader role in thisarea. >> she feels happy because sheis breaking walls. >> i got letters from people ofmy color saying how wonderful it is someone like us isrepresenting us in classical music.>> what does the baton represent nowadays?>> i think it represents the dreams and the passion of agirl who conducted in her room listening to music and is nowmaking that dream come true. >> as she says, life is notalways trains you have to get on.sometimes life is stations you need to get off on.>> what a beautiful story. glass marcano has been workingin different european cities and she says her aspirations includeleading the biggest orchestras in the world.women on the verge. dont miss that special editionnext week. >> that brings us to the end ofthis addition. thank you for joining us.

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