En esta edición especial, conoce la historia de varios jóvenes migrantes, quienes han escapado de la pobreza de su país para buscar una mejor vida en los Estados Unidos. Mientras otros, deciden quedarse y crear un futuro mejor.
23 Ago 2021 – 12:00 AM EDT
>> tonight on a special addition
of "aqui y ahora," for manyyoung people, migrating is the
only option to flee frompoverty, violence, and lack of
opportunities in theircountries.
they make a difficult decisionand embark on a journey with a
lot of routes but only onedestination for the united
states.on their way, they find abusive
extortion, human trafficking,and even death.
we have gangs, while othersdecide to stay and work to build
a better future in the countryof their birth.
they need to do that for theirfamilys well-being.
stories of pain and hope.we need to talk about honduras.
the last few years, migrationfrom honduras to the united
states has increaseddramatically.
the causes are not new, povertyand violence continue to be
prevalent in that country.>> welcome to "aqui y ahora."
young people feel they have nooption but to embark on the
odyssey north.next, their stories narrated by
justin quiles and mikey graph aspart of a project greeted by mtv
in association with univision.>> the immigrant caravan has
thousands of stories, stories ofviolence, of lack of
opportunities, inability to doanything against climate change.
there are many reasons thatyoung people are leaving their
countries toward an uncertainfuture.
now more than ever, there is ageneration that wants to take
control of their own destiny.many young people have to make
the most difficult decisions oftheir lives.
should i stay or should i leavemy country?
i am justin quiles and today, wehave to talk about under arrest.
♪-- talk about honduras.
♪>> this is --
this is justin quiles, aperformer, songwriter, musician,
a little bit of everything.today, we want to talk about
what is going on in hunter s --going on in honduras.
young people are demanding to beheard.
that is why i am working with afriend, a rapper, who has lived
this firsthand.her name ismike -- is miky
>> my name is miky, i am arapper, a graffiti artist, --
>> i was born in tegucigalpa, inow live in guatemala city
because of work, music.that is where i have my
projects.i am a social working student.
i tried to incorporate that withhip hop and try to turn it into
>> lets go to miky now.how are you?
>> i am happy, excited, andanxious.
i am just a few hours fromtraveling to honduras to return
to my country after a few monthsand tell these stories and get
to learn in these stories aboutyoung people who are leaving
honduras and i can talk about myown story to show the reality we
are experiencing in our countryand the consequences of
immigration, the lack ofopportunity, and reach out to
everybody who can watch us.>> oh man.
♪>> for a week, miky will be
visiting different places in thenew cortez area.
it is affected by violence.its capital was considered the
most dangerous capital in theworld.
>> we are in san pedro sula.♪
>> there are many problems thatpush people to leave the
country.one of thems is -- one of them
is not spoken about much andthat is climate change.
>> it is powerful what we areexperiencing right now.
>> the strength of hurricanesand other natural phenomenons
increase every year and hondurasis one of the most vulnerable
countries regarding climatechange.
in november 2020, hurricane iotshit honduras and lift 9 million
people affected throughoutcentral america.
one of the committee mostaffected by the hurricanes --
communities most affected by thehurricanes.
>> as a result of hurricane etaand iota, a lot of families had
to come to this improvisedshelter.
>> hello.>> hello.
>> we first formed -- i spentall of my time there.
they told me there was anotherhurricane coming.
nobody believed it because wealready had one hurricane and
the sun was shining and itstarted raining again.
it was raining for four days.then it came and we had to go up
and everybody up here.the only thing i threw in my bag
was a couple of shirts for mychild to have a four month old
child.we spent that night on the hill,
all-day, all-night all night,without eating.
i was worried about theyoungest.
the three-year-old had a fever.i wanted to leave, but that is
not my house.>> we are going to enter melbas
home.we are going to hear about her
story and find out what happenedwith this situation.
[rooster crows]>> this is the room.
we are going to be over here.until we have enough money to
build our own little house.>> how long have you lived here?
>> three months now.it began with the pandemic.
my children were not working inthe hurricane came.
and the last morning wasdevastating.
all of us who were nearby, welost everything.
>> tell me about your children.what did you talk about when
they decided -- when they said,mom, we are leaving?
>> we were living on thestreets.
we did not have anywhere tolive.
so we decided to migrate.i said, no, dont.
they told me, have faith in god,nothing is going to happen to
us.i had two daughters, and because
of our poverty, they went inpursuit of the american dream.
meanwhile, they were killed.in may, it will be 80 years
since they were killed.-- eight years since they were
killed.im afraid because this already
happened to be once, i dontwant that to happen to my other
children.like i said, if they had money
to cross, they would havecrossed already.
we have to wait and see what godsays.
>> melbas children are inmexico, unable to enter the
united states.there is no guarantee they will
be able to cross the border.between 2000 and 2009, many
people were affected by thefloods.
one of the most expensivenatural disasters.
hundreds of thousands ofhondurasns will become climate
refugees by 2050.north of cortez, we find one of
the most heavily transitedcrossing points between honduras
and guatemala, 134,000 youngpeople across formally and over
100,000 others cross informally.>> we see a lot of families, a
lot of young people, children,women, who are leaving the
country and trying to go towardguatemala on their way to the
united states.all of these people are trying
to cross.just because you say they cannot
leave the country does not meanthey will go back.
>> i need to see your passport.>> i am from a remote town, from
cologne.there is a lot of poverty, there
are no job opportunities.a lot of people are going to the
united states.they say it is a whole other
world there.we have to see for ourselves and
work hard.i have no idea where i am going
to cross.my mind is blank.
i am just going to go see what ifind.
>> for many young people, thedecision has been made to avoid
immigration controls, they findinformal crossings.
if you are one of these youngpeople, be sure to take
identification.i want everyone to know that
migration is a right.illegal does not describe
people.we should use words like
irregular or undocumented.>> when we return, young
peoples frustrations, when theywant to be part of the solution
in their country.>> how can we advance in a
society when we are alwaysthinking that adults are in
>> we are here at the camagueyneighborhood.
we are going to talk to a familywho is facing this dilemma,
whether they should stay inhonduras or whether they should
migrate to the united states.hello.
>> hello.>> i migrated four times.
there were four decisions that ithought out well.
i was a member of the armedforces.
i had a good paying job.but, really, that is mostly for
-- that is mostly appropriatefor a single person.
i had her support.she told me i could find a job.
i told her one day, i cantcontinue like this.
if we want our dreams, i need torisk it.
ive got a dream, too.i want to reunite with my
father.so all of that pushed me toward
making this decision and i left.i get on the train, you got the
gangs that want to purge thefight for territorial dominance
and you are in the middle of it.you are on the train.
every time there is a stop, youdont know if it is a cartel
that stopped it or immigration.there are a lot of risks.
every time you are on the trainand it stopped, what you would
do is pray to the saints inheaven and he would run to the
hills.there were experiences that if
we had more opportunities in ourcountries, your -- more young
people would not do that.>> my job has been this as well,
to work with migrants to seechildren that have been sent
back, young people who perhapshad an accident, who lost a
family member, and i would say,my partner is going through
that.it hurt me, because the first
time he left, i was pregnant.and i would feel that.
im sure my dotted felted.she has felted.
he would tell me it was the bestoption, because the girl was on
her way, to give her a betterfuture, he had to leave.
>> where are we going?>> to the beach.
>> where are we going?>> to the beach.
>> i think that the absence of afather in a family or absence of
a mother in a family affects achild a lot.
they are growing up with that.my daughter needs him.
she needs and as a paternalfigure.
many parents think that whenthey leave, they are doing
everything they can, but theabsence of a parent in the life
of a child has a big impact.♪
>> honduras is one of the mostdangerous countries.
last year, 380 hondurasn womenwere killed.
missing women continue tohappen.
that is why hundreds of womenface the difficult decision of
leaving their homes andmigrating.
this was the case with thismother.
♪>> hello, cindy.
how are you?>> find.
>> excuse me.hello.
im going to introduce you to mychildren.
this one is six months old.this is rocky balboa benjamin,
alias benji.i have lived in an environment
where you have not always had amother and father together,
brothers and sisters together.when my father married my
mother, she was used to havingthem into everything in the
house.if she wanted a glass of water
or something, the woman wassupposed to bring it to him.
he is the king of the castle.so they have to take off his
shoes, they have to bring himhis food.
if something is not done, therewould be problems.
my mother was not used to livinglike this, she did not want to
live like this.violence began.
not just physical violence, butthere was also screaming at
home.so she thought there was no
other option and left.it was a difficult blow.
i was a child.i knew my mother had been there
and suddenly she was not thereanymore.
i had to learn how to livewithout her.
we had to learn as children howto run the house at a young age.
at that stage in my life, i knewthat if i ever wanted to leave
my country and go somewhereelse, i could do it in a regular
fashion.as a result of that, education
helps.you start thinking of new
opportunities.there was an instance at school
where a psychologist said, thereis a program where young people,
children, who are volunteers,there is theater.
i thought it was a good idea.i felt that this would take me
somewhere different.i did not know about my rights,
i did not know that schoolingwas a right, that safety was a
light, life was a right.i was like, i did not know this.
when we got to the topic ofviolence, i was so interested in
it because i saw a reflection ofmyself.
i knew that violence causedimmigration.
i thought, my mom left as aresult of violence, because of
what was happening in our home.i thought it would be hard for
you to leave your family, and ithought, it is very difficult,
there have been days that i havebeen alone, that i cried because
i want to be close to my mom, orthings like that.
im sorry.it is very difficult.
i dont know, it encourages meto continue in these programs,
to see the opportunities thatare here, and im sure that if
you look for what you want, youwill find it.
i do see a future for you here.i do see that you can accomplish
what you want.how can you advance in a society
when we are always thinking thatgrown-ups are in charge?
do i have to wait until im anadult for anyone to listen to
me?listen to what i need to advance
in my town, in my country?so i get to the point of where
do we -- how do we improvethings?
>> when we return, they say theyare at a crossroads to leave
their country or face anuncertain future.
>> there are no jobs in♪
>> there are many factors thathave turned honduras into the
fourth poorest nation in latinamerica.
experts say corruption robs thefuture of the young people,
forcing them to join gangs.>> is a spiral of violence that
does not stop and keepsmigration at a high level.
lets watch.>> well, i would like to go in
depth a little more.what do you think you would need
order family would need to havea better life in honduras
without having to migrate toanother country?
>> this country does not havejobs, education is not good.
health care is worse.there is an abundance of
violence and abundance ofpoverty and abundance of
insecurity.there is a lot of weapons, there
are drugs.so imagine the kind of situation
we find ourselves in.>> in my moms case, she wants a
job but she cannot get one.she is looking for work but
there are no job opportunities,so she was thinking about
leaving the country to find moreopportunities for the same
reasons she wants her daughtersto have a good education and do
not lack in anything.>> what good is it to graduate,
to have a career if there are nojobs here?
there are people who graduatedcollege and they are working in
factories.>> we think about a lot of
things that we need.the first thing we think about
is migrating.>> if we think about it, we have
a country that is rich,beautiful.
but we dont know -- they dontknow, people who rule us, they
dont know how to use that.>> we live this reality, we
dont always see, it touches thepeople who are left behind here.
what is the role we have toplay?
>> we all need quality educationand decent jobs.
that is why young people, thefuture of honduras, leave to
find that elsewhere.♪
>> the frustration of notfinding opportunities that
fulfill their expectations meanthat a lot of young people go to
san pedro sula and get on a bustowards guatemala.
they are looking for better jobopportunities.
they have to the beside theireducation.
>> theres no jobs.>> we work in the fields and we
dont have enough.we dont get enough.
i want to be able to help peoplein my community.
i want to have a better futurefor me and for my siblings.
i want to be able to help myparents so they dont have to
work in agriculture.>> i was deported.
i was arrested, too.a bit of advice, if they want to
go there, follow the law.not a game.
youre not going to go to theunited states, shake some trees,
and have dollars,.you have to pay insurance,
bills, your car breaks down, youhave a problem, you have to keep
paying.what you are earning at your job
, you have a family, you have tosupport your family, all that.
it is not easy.but if you go there, give it
your all, right?♪
>> she found another solution toher problem.
to leave and send money backhome means that her children
might not fall into theneighborhood gangs.
two who -- due to her delicatesituation, she cannot show us
her face.>> hi emigrated to the united
states at the beginning of 2020.last year, i left because i have
two sons and i cannot find work,so i decided to go there.
my childrens father would hitme, he would not help me
financially.i dont have support from my
family.so i had to flee to give my sons
the best in education, food.he goes out to play ball on the
patio where i live.there reare gang members.
one day, we did not haveanything to eat for dinner and
he said, i can get a job fromthese guys, i just have to
deliver some cocaine.but either he would die or end
up in jail, so i started talkingto my mother and i said, im
going to have to leave.she said, dont go.
we talked about it with aneighbor and we left.
we took bus after bus.we made many stops and whenever
i would come i mom, i was sadbecause i had to leave my sons.
i did not see them for a longtime.
>> how old were your sons whenyou left?
>> tenders old and two months.well, along the way -- 10 years
old in two months.well, along the way, in mexico,
there was this terrible town.we had to hide their so the cops
would not get us -- there so thecops would not get us.
a gang man that town.that whole night, we ban,
crying, we were so afraid ofbeing captured.
one guy followed us, but he didnot catch us.
you cry a lot on the journey.you want to die.
terrible.i would not wish that on any
woman.but for the good of your family,
you have to do that.well, in may, there was a
caravan from the entire country.it is on facebook now, and yeah,
im going to leave for the nextcaravan, but my sons will stay
here, because it is sodangerous.
you are walking, and i dontwant to risk my sons.
but yeah, i do think aboutleaving again.
>> having made that decision?that in a couple months, you are
leaving?>> first, im going to pray to
god.yeah, i want to get there.
but it is the same thing.you are always feeling unsafe,
and like i said, i thought aboutgoing to work.
i dont want to stay there, iwant to make some money and come
back and open a business for mysons.
♪>> when we return, despite the
obstacles, a group of youngpeople playing to the arch to
>> the neighborhood is an sanpedro sula and it is one of the
most affected by gang violence.a place where art is a true act
of resistance.in the middle of what seems like
a war zone between gangs, somepeople have found refuge in hip
>> how are you?>> i am calvin.
i am artistically known as chinorock.
we are at the 10th of septemberneighborhood.
this town -- this street dividesone gang from another.
you go from one area controlledby one gang to another area
controlled by another gang meansthe worst can happen, you know?
i thought about leaving.but i had my plan already to go,
i was going to a school nearby,i was thinking about, as soon as
a finished, going to the unitedstates.
that is what i wanted.but i was not expecting that
there would be an ngo coming tothat school to give some art
workshops.that is where i learned about
hip hop.i was interested in it because i
had only seen it a couple timesin videos and i got into that
>> hip hop basically gave me areason to be here.
we are painting a jaguarwarrior.
it represents for us the spiritand desire to continue despite
difficult situations.>> this is a group of young
people in a community that gottogether to create art.
i think that the options we hadhere were gangs and we wanted a
different option, so we createdourselves a different option for
ourselves.it was art, it was hip hop.
it gave us that a sense ofbelonging, a sense of wanting to
do something different, to feelimportant.
♪>> hondurasn young people have a
greater risk of dying violently.in 2018, about 190,000 people
were internally displacedbecause of organized crime gangs
and -- organized crime andgangs.
young people have to make themost difficult decision of their
life, to stay or go.>> definitely all of these
situations and up cornering you.-- end up cornering you.
you are forced to think aboutit.
even me, i thought about it.with everything going on in the
country -- corruption, drugtrafficking, lack of jobs -- and
on top of this, we get apandemic and two hurricanes.
this is unheard of what hashappened.
, -- so you get to feeldepressed.
an example i can give about thesituation that forced me to
question remaining in thecountry is what happened in
jolene.there was a teacher of mine who
taught me dance, he taught a lotof people.
he was able model.-- a role model.
he motivated young people.every public transportation
vehicle pays a tax, sometimes ifthere is a conflict and there is
a threat, we know that threatshere are not idle, we had to
leave the country.you had to ask for help in the
united states.people did not believe him.
they sent him back 200 us --sent him back to honduras.
at that time, the worsthappened.
he asked for help in the unitedstates and they sent him back.
they sent him back to be killedhere.
that tells us that, despite whatthe media says here, that bad
things happen to people who areinvolved in bad things, that is
not the case.even if he was not performing
publicly, he would still give ithis all when he danced.
he did not do it for the public,he did it because it came from
inside.if we do it, we should do it
because it comes from inside ofus.
this is just one example ofmany.
well, we have taken this name,warriors, despite knowing that
the worst can happen, we remain.>> when we return, a call to
>> the principal innovation aswarriors, that dream to be able
to give others the possibility,a different opportunity.
>> i feel i can contribute tochange.
it may not be much, but i feellike i can contribute something.
warriors, for me, not just ourdance crew.
our painting group, our singinggroup.
it is also all the people, thewoman who gets up to make
tortillas to sell so that shecan center k2 school because --
send her kid to school becauseher husband abandoned her, i
want to be like her.♪
>> the future in honduras is noteasy to imagine.
a good future, i think that themost important thing is to give
a voice and a vote to youngpeople.
because, even though the oldpeople who govern us now, and
even though old people say theirgeneration was the best, that
they are respected and all that,they have is in the situation we
are in now.each generation needs to be
empowered, they need to takeaction, they need to make
change.young people have a different
mentality, they have a different-- they have different
proposals.>> hearing this story touched my
heart, knowing that music, thatart, that dance are things that
allow young people to escape thereality they are living in.
i think that honduras is acountry of warriors, like miky.
at the end of the day, these arestories about people like them
that want to leave the countryto fight for a better future,
fight for their dream.>> these days, i found out that
the people who make the decisionto migrate, to begin a new
someplace else, are very brave,and the people who decide not to
leave, to stay and struggle, arealso brave.
left with a feeling offrustration to some extent,
because i think about thesestories and i think, now what?
what is going to happen to them?we met melba, whose only hope is
that her sons can make it to theunited states.
or the story of the person whowants to make sure that her
12-year-old son does not end upin a gang.
it encourages me to see thereare people like calvin who are
working for young people, foryoung people, four children.
i am also encouraged by peoplelike chaylee, who finds hope in
this country and believes all isnot lost.
they inspire me.i know things can change if we
fight for it and we do it.it is up to us.
to continue to the struggle --to continue the struggle, to get
our country ahead.♪
>> you are right, people can gosomewhere else within or outside
of their country.you should not have any
restrictions in your country ifyou go outside your country, you
are restricted by barriers andrestrictions, but you can also
request refugee status if youare eligible.
>> hope never dies.>> it has to be that way.
every day, there are more youngpeople throughout the world who
are aware of the row they canplay to guarantee a better
future in their country.>> they are working to reduce
misery and violence so thatmigration is not the only
option.that brings us to the end of
this edition of "aqui y ahora.">> unt