itionof "aqui y ahora,"
>> he said he would protectmigrant.
that is why we are here to seeif you will help us protect our
daughters.>> an avalanche of migrants is
testing handling a newhumanitarian crisis.
>> i asked the u.s. to protectme and my family.
>> the tensions on border citiesare escalating between migrants
who have waited for many monthsand the newly arrived.
>> they are being exceptedthrough other border crossings.
>> what will the government dueto face this emergency?
>> if we do not resolve thiswith legislation and humanity,
it will never be resolved.>> we speak with experts about
false hopes, the legal optionsfamilies have when they arrived,
and parents who hope to bereunited with her children.
>> that is when they told me mydaughters could not be with me.
>> the border: paths to a crisis.
>> it was a week dominated byimmigration news.
we will tell you what ishappening and what the
implications are on both sidesof the order.
>> on capitol hill, the votethat, if approved, could give a
path to citizenship formillions.
illiia: lets begin with thearrival of thousands of
unaccompanied minors.angie sandoval reports from the
rio grande valley.angie: the humanitarian crisis
seems to have no end.nor enough resources to face it,
according to the sheriff.>> it has been a little heavy.
we have had more people sincepresident trump left.
many are coming here thinkingthey can stay here in the u.s.
angie: since the year began, heand the 17 sheriffs in his
county have been working doubletime.
>> they cross over here on theside.
using inter-tubes.angie: helping the border patrol
intercept undocumentedimmigrants who cross the river
from mexico.how many people do you catch per
day?>> easily 500 that we pick up.
angie: not all of them will beable to remain.
>> walked three kilometers inthat direction.
angie: the border patrol putsthat there so people do not get
lost.he says the point is to help the
undocumented migrant who comemostly from honduras, guatemala,
and mexico.do they hide from you or turn
themselves in?>> they turn themselves in.
angie: the city of eagle pass,texas, seems to be one of the
preferred points for thesemigrants, who are fleeing the
covid pandemic, misery, andviolence assaulting their home
countries.this week, on a placid afternoon
, a family crossed the river.>> i was able to make it here.
angie: david sanchez and hiswife arrived with her two
children from venezuela to askfor asylum.
>> all i ask is the u.s. protectme and my family.
angie: in the 300 miles betweeneagle pass and mcallen, texas,
the stories of survival aremultiplied every day.
>> we are asking for help.we do not have parents.
angie: sometimes, the images areshocking, like these captured by
resident who witnessed smugglerswearing masks who seemed
unworried when they dropped offwomen and children.
>> i dont understand howparents can let a child do that,
knowing what is happening.angie: in the town, not everyone
thinks the same way.>> there are good and bad
people.we are older.
they do something to us.we are from here.
angie: her and her husband havethe border as a backyard.
it was never a problem untillast week.
>> it was 1:00 a.m. when a womanknocked.
a group of undocumented migrantsacross the river and were asking
her help.i did not know who else might be
with them.angie: this crisis and its
impact seemed to have taken thebiden administration by
surprise.in this town, mothers and their
children spent the night in thistemporary shelter set up by the
border patrol under a bridge.>> i do not want to be deported
to my country.i want a future for my son.
angie: the record numbers ofunaccompanied minors has forced
the administration to open moreshelters, including a convention
center.>> they need to work quickly to
move them out of those shelters.angie: criticisms from
pro-immigrant groups have notstopped.
>> they need to make sureeverything children need, they
are getting.are they getting classes?
do they have beds?a place to go and play outside?
all of these things cannot beaccomplished from one day to the
next.angie: at the edge of the rio
grande, sheriffs continuelooking for migrants who are
lost.>> he is from honduras.
angie: this is from a micro tocrossed?
>> yes.it fell.
angie: these objects are asignal that this zone has a lot
of people crossing through it.when night falls, it is clear he
is right.>> this group of young people,
they say they came fromguatemala.
they have a walking for over twoweeks.
they do not even know they arein texas.
they just want to stay in theunited states.
he cannot hide his emotions.what does it mean for you to be
here?>> it is my life.
angie: the 17-year-old tells usthat during the journey through
mexico, he and his sixcompanions were robbed of the
few belongings they carried withthem.
but none of that mattersanymore.
what dreams do you have?>> go to school.
get ahead.angie: according to him, before
leaving guatemala, he memorizedhis uncles telephone number.
he lives in washington state.his fate lit up when we told him
he could use our cell phone tocall him.
>> hello?>> hello.
>> yes, hello.how are you?
>> i am good.i.
texas -- an here in texas.i just wanted to say i have
arrived.angie: like thousands of other
recently arrived minors, he willhave to spend days or weeks in a
detention center, where theywill check if he has a criminal
past and will confirm hisrelationship to his uncle.
he is not worried.>> i have arrived.
that is the most importantthing.
i made it here rate it was mydream to get here.
angie: at the end of this path,the order patrol is waiting for
him.the life he yearned for me be
about to begin.>> when we return, across the
border, resources and sheltersfor migrants are running out.
>> we just saw the complicatedsituation in texas.
now we will go to the border incalifornia.
the situation there worsens dayafter day.
we see the faces and voices ofdesperation, hope, and even
carmen: jonathan cortez ran forthe wall where he and other
salvadorans would cross using aladder.
he went with his wifes cousin,where they would swim before
crossing.>> we thought it would be easy.
it looks call.-- calm.
carmen: in this shelter, she hasbeen waiting so long for her
asylum appointment that she gavebirth and has a child who is
about to turn two.>> i have been patient.
carmen: her mother is alone andvery sick in new jersey.
she wants to arrive in time tosave her.
meanwhile, through the bordercrossing in tijuana, more more
people are arriving fromdifferent parts of the world,
primarily from mexico andcentral america.
they have been at a camp waitingfor a response to their cases.
what will happen to us who arenot on a list?
they live under precariousconditions with cold, rain, and
wind.>> he said he would protect
immigrants.we are here to see if he will
help us protect our daughters.carmen: they crossed over the
first wall and arrived at thesecond.
>> i climbed the ladder quickly.as i was doing that, i felt like
i was kicked or something got myfingers.
that is where i let go.i fell from the top of the wall.
carmen: he was able to runanother 15 meters.
and then he could run no more.the border patrol intercepted
him.his father has lived in baja
california for the past fiveyears.
>> i didnt know anything abouthim.
he was missing.carmen: it looked like
conditions were right forcrossing.
she left her children in tijuanawhy she met her husband in
california.when they reached the sea, they
had a surprise.>> it was too strong.
we had no other option.we are here now.
the goal was to do it together.carmen: they ran the risk.
hand in hand, they continuedfacing the waves and tell one of
them separated them.he turned around.
>> i cried for help.carmen: local rescuers helped.
they now had to communicate whathappened to their families.
the children believed they wouldsoon meet up with their parents
again in the u.s.in the middle of this, migrants
and shelters and the camp foundout that the border crossing
point in the u.s. would beclosed through at least april
21.>> i feel desperate.
carmen: she is talking aboutcrossing and giving herself up
to american authorities.>> what many people are
questioning now is if it wasworth feeling hunger, cold,
discomfort to wait in line tocross, compared to what is
happening at other parts of theborder where people are being
accepted when they arrive.>> we have been waiting for two
years.now it turns out that through
other borders, they are beingwelcomed.
carmen: these are the complaintsshe hears more and more.
she is the director of ashelter.
she said what migrants mostlydoes information.
the situation here threatens toworsen quickly.
>> something that worries usright now is deportations have
already increased from about 150to 400.
we could not believe it.carmen: meanwhile, his father
finally heard from his son.>> for me, it is unjust.
it is inhumane.carmen: he was rescued by the
border control.he had been immobilized because
of his fracture.he was sent to a hospital in san
diego where he underwentsurgery.
>> the doctor told me i wouldneed a second surgery 15 days
later.carmen: instead, he was released
16 hours later and deported.at the moment, a specialist is
caring for him.his father says they do not have
the resources.they hope the community can help
his recovery.things are much better in their
case.no direct family member was able
to identify the body because oftheir situation.
she came from las vegas to help.now she has another big
challenge.>> give us a hand so these
children can be with theirfather.
now that they lost their mother.carmen: the situation in the
camp is desperate.this is what oscar hernandez
shared with us.he came from el salvador two
years ago.>> they are arriving daily.
i have been here two weeks.there are up to 25 whole
families.when i came here, there were
300, 400 people.now there are over 1000, i
think.they get help but there is never
enough.religious groups take some.
but there they often waivers.all of this makes them consider
taking extreme measures.>> leaving our children alone
and seeing how we might be ableto reach them.
♪>> when we return, in the middle
of criticisms, the governmentdefends itself saying they will
establish a more humaneimmigration policy.
>> there is a crisis on theborder.
♪>> the white house has a debate
about what is going on at theborder.
in congress, decisions are beingmade that could have big
implications for immigrants.tiffany roberts has been
following the developments.>> president joe biden signed
his economic stimulus plan ofalmost $2 trillion.
there was other news that tookaway some of that optimism.
it was the situation on theborder and the arrival of
thousands of families andunaccompanied minors.
the white house said everythingwas under control and there was
no need to raise the alarm.they announced five steps were
being taken to process minors ina more efficient manner.
one of them was to activate ashelters that were at 40% due to
the pandemic.>> the cdc has updated
guidelines to return to fullcapacity.
this will help move childrenmore quickly out of facilities.
tifani: they have had toreactivate centers like this one
in texas billed by the trumpadministration and 2019.
it has a capacity to hold 700children 13-17.
this has prompted criticismsfrom more liberal members of
congress, like alexandriaocasio-cortez.
she said this is not right, thisis never right, it does not
matter who the administration isreferring to children and
centers similar to prisons.the federal government converted
the dallas convention center tohouse 3000 children while they
look for relatives or sponsors.the white house does not want to
call the situation a crisis.but it did activate the federal
emergency management agency.>> to help ensure people have
access to health and medicalcare.
the numbers are enormous.this is a big challenge.
it is certainly a reflection ofusing every lever of the federal
government to address this.tifani: the government asked for
help from the american redcross.
and activated national security.in his first testimony, he said
it was not the first time thatchildren a lot -- arrived
without parents.he resisted pressure to use a
word to define the situation.>> would it be better called a
crisis?>> a crisis is when a nation is
willing to rip a nine-year-oldchild out of the hands of his or
her parents and separate thatfamily to deter future
migration.that to me is a humanitarian
crisis.tifani: three days after that
hearing, he made a trip withoutjournalists or cameras to el
paso, texas, joined bylegislatures from both parties
to evaluate the situation.most migrants crossing the rio
grande valley.the head of this station shared
his frustration on twitter withseveral photographs.
two things happen simultaneouslyto create a lot of speculation.
the u.s. announced a plan tosend vaccines to mexico.
hours later, the government saidmexico would close the border
with guatemala.the mexican president said the
vaccines did not come withpolitical conditions.
>> we are going to give inexchange what we have always
given.friendship and cooperation.
tifani: there are many skeptics.>> countries negotiate.
the united states is not acountry that just gives things
away.tifani: while authorities try to
bring order to a situation thatseems chaotic, a group of
legislatures came to taxes,headed by republican congressman
kevin mccarthy.among the group were some
hispanic legislators who tookadvantage of the situation to
announce their intention topromote their own version of
immigration reform.called a dignity law.
>> my plan is to give 10 yearsof dignity to everyone who is
here undocumented and has beenhere over five years who has
paid taxes, has american-bornchildren, has property, hasnt
committed a crime.tifani: the law has not been
written yet.it does not offer a path to
citizenship the way bidensproposal does.
>> if there is a crisis on theborder, i have to say it is as a
result of president bidenspolicies.
tifani: republicans asked thegovernment accountability office
to look into president bidenssuspension of the border wall
promoted by president trump.they think the decision could be
partly responsible for the waveof undocumented immigrants.
>> differences were set asidewhen the house of
representatives, with the helpof a handful of republicans,
approved two bills that open apath to citizenship to dreamers,
farmworkers, and people withtps.
>> there are republicansinterested in this topic because
of the economic problems.tifani: thousands of miles away
from washington, on the border,the problem with children seems
to be very complicated.according to a congresswoman
from texas.>> we wasted billions of dollars
on walls and the republicanpolicies that did not change
anything.if we do not resolve this
situation with legislation andhumanity, it will not be
resolved.>> after a break, the drama of
families who are waiting to bereunited with their children.
>> it worries me to know thereis a family suffering.
they have daughters whoselocation they do not know.♪
>>>> the grandmother we areabout to meet does not
understand why she was crossingwith three children, she was
deported with one, and two weredetained.
a grandmother in mexico and amother in nebraska are pleading
not to have them taken fromthem.
>> i want to be with you everysecond.
andrea: she had plannedeverything very carefully.
she settled in nebraska and sheleft her two daughters with her
mother.her daughters grandmother.
>> i said i would send for them.the plan was to do so in a year.
andrea: she never imagined apandemic, economic crisis, and a
new presidency would delay herplan almost a year.
>> the girls had been asking mewhen they would reunite with her
mother.andrea: the youngest seem to be
more affected by the absence ofher mother.
>> she would wake up crying,asking for me.
her hair began to fall out.the doctor told her she was ok
but the only thing they couldimagine was this was due to
stress.maybe she felt alone without her
mother.andrea: she took refuge in her
grandmother.>> she would say, can you lend
me your hair?i knew that meant she wanted to
go to sleep.she would play with my hair.
she would tickle her nose withmy hair.
andrea: in march, the situationworsened.
the girls were sadder.their mother was in nebraska
about to have another child thegrandmother had very little.
>> we buy and sell furniture.because these are not essential
goods, we have a lot of problemsselling them.
andrea: they made a familydecision.
>> we heard they were notletting people cross because of
political asylum.we thought, this was our chance
to go and request asylum.and then my granddaughters can
be reunited with her mother.they were very hopeful.
their mother was going to have ababy.
andrea: the youngest told memom, i will be with you.
i will meet my baby sister.♪
>> she packed the minimum andleft mexico city with the girls
and her 15-year-old son.>> i think they were there for
about a week at a hotel.trying to cross.
>> i was frustrated.there were people who were going
to cross.i crossed with them.
andrea: once in the unitedstates, they were immediately
detained by the border control.it was 10:00 p.m.
>> there were a lot of squadcars like we were criminals.
i gave birth certificates forthe granddaughters and my son.
andrea: she said she had custodyof the girls.
>> i pleaded with them.asking them to listen to me.
andrea: what most scared her wasthat she would lose the girls.
>> i said, i dont know if thisgirl will be able to keep her
mothers phone number or mightlose it.
andrea: she was deported withher son back to mexico.
the worst thing remained.telling the girls mother.
>> i said this is what happened.they took the girls from a.
she said there is a lot ofchildren.
there is about 3000.i said, how will i find these
girls among semi children?andrea: she says that prompted
her to give birth prematurely.she was admitted to the hospital
next day.>> i dont know what is going on
with my daughters.andrea: she was expecting the
worst.>> i dont know what will
happen.all sorts of negative thoughts.
this is my biggest year i willget them back.
andrea: the grandmother thinksof her.
♪>> she would grab my hair and
begin to fall asleep.that is what she would do every
night.it saddens me because i wonder
how much she would be doing.this thing that she would do to
calm down.andrea: three days later, she
received a phone call from herdaughters.
>> thursday at 4:00 a.m., theycalled.
andrea: she had sporadicmunication, but they do not know
where the girls are detained.we reached out to immigration
and customs enforcement, betterknown as ice.
they referred us to thedepartment of health and human
services and border patrol.finally we were told they do not
discuss specific cases,especially if they involve
minors.they reached out to her, whose
foundation in florida has helpedover 12,000 children of
migrants.>> i am very worried when i know
there is a family suffering.they dont know where their
daughters are.this new ministration, we still
do not know what the processeswill be like.
in fact, we are very concernedbecause in my experience this is
too much time.andrea: comedy days on average
can a child be detained byimmigration "aqui y ahora angie:
it is supposed to be no morethan 72 hours.
andrea: why is there noreunification with the families?
a lot more than 72 hours havepassed.
>> we heard one of the reasonswas because of covid.
andrea: in the meantime, she ishelping the mother fill out
forms.she still cannot sleep.
>> even now, days have passed.they are not with their family.
that is not good for anyone.their mother was just with a
newborn child.filling out paperwork.
but fearful.>> i am afraid that at the end
of the day, they will not givethem back to me.
andrea: she holds onto the hopethat she will not have her
children taken from her.and she will have her three. --
her three daughters togetherhome soon.
>> when we return, expertsanswer questions that many
immigrant families are askingthemselves.
>> why are we seeing that theyare not prepared with enough
places to house these children?♪
>> we have seen the images andheard the stories.
we know the humanitarian crisison the border is a serious
matter.i spoke with three attorneys,
experts in the field, about themain concerns.
president biden signed threeconsecutive orders concerning
immigration.>> today i will sign a few
executive orders.>> he sent congress an ambitious
plan for immigration reform.and a plan to strengthen
security at the border.this expert tells us what his
plan means compared to theanti-immigrant rhetoric of
former president donald trump.>> there is a lot of hope that
the bite in the ministration.but what has really changed?
>> at the moment, nothingtangible has changed.
there is hope.republicans also want to submit
another proposal.but nothing on a day-to-day
basis has changed massively interms of immigration since the
new administration.nonetheless, there is this idea
that the borders are open and itis easy to cross.
>> yes, i think what isconfusing is what has stopped is
the rhetoric and the crisis thathad been generated previously by
closing the border andimprisoning people.
they were sent to a thirdcountry.
that was creating a largerhumanitarian crisis.
what is happening is what usedto happen before.
people are being handled the waycongress says.
>> the previous administrationapproved regulations that made
it very difficult for immigrantsto prove they would not be a
charge on society.that created a lot of
unnecessary fear in ourcommunity.
to accept any aid that wasavailable.
>> they work with anorganization that provides need
to low income immigrants.>> i thing there is a difference
in the public policy with thecurrent ministration.
this bill has not been passedyet.
we do not know what it will be.>> we know that the numbers of
children and adolescents andunaccompanied minors since 2014
has increased.>> he has an immigration
attorney in el paso, texas.they give representation to
minors.they often talk with families
and children.we have been seeing this since
2014.why does the government seem to
not be prepared for shelteringthese children?
>> remember, when a child oradolescent comes to the border,
they are not planning to stay inthat situation.
the border patrol detains them,identifies them as minors.
they need to be passed to adifferent organization.
health and human services.we are talking about no more
than 72 hours detained.>> the focus is on safe
reunification.>> how is that process
guaranteeing that a child whocomes to the u.s. alone can be
placed in the hands of a sponsoror a responsible family member
who will not treat them poorlyor that there will not be
someone in the home who hascommitted crimes of a sexual
nature?>> they always take
fingerprints.sponsors have to go through an
interview process.>> what are the rights that
these minors have?>> one of the problems they have
is they cannot defend themselveslegally because they do not have
the capacity to do so.>> there are attorneys who have
direct access to these minors.>> we provide legal services to
children and adolescents.minors who are unaccompanied.
we do speak with them once theyare in shelters.
>> what advice would you givethem?
>> i would tell anyone cominghere to ask for asylum.
they will have an opportunity tohave a hearing.
now we are looking at this.they will have to prove a case
for asylum.>> this is bringing thousands
and thousands of migrants fromcentral america.
they are crossing the border.>> what would advice -- advice
would you give someone who isconsidering leaving the country
and coming?>> you have to consider there
are a lot of risks.the border is closed at this
moment.how do you battle disinformation
in central american countries?this idea that the border is
open and they are lettingeveryone in?
how do you fight thatdisinformation?
>> you have to pay attention.that is part of the work we are
doing.having the correct information
to children and adolescents sothey can make informed
decisions.>> before we end, we want to
show you the scope of theproblem.
arrests on the border went from17,000 two over 100,000.
just last week, according to theborder patrol.
in the time between october andfebruary, authorities have
processed over 29,000unaccompanied minors.
over 14,000 are in shelters.>> this is a serious problem.
it needs to be solved as soon aspossible.
>> we will see you soon.thank you very much.
we appreciate your presence.♪
TELEVISIÓN DE PRIMERA SIN LÍMITES, GRATIS Y EN ESPAÑOL