jorge: lets get to the point."al punto."
we have everything on theemergency on the border.
many children are crossingalone.
congresswomanen tell us more.cristina jimenez tells us what
is missing.over 100 million people have
been vaccinated in the unitedstates.
but when will children bevaccinated?
many women in mexico criticizepresident monroe over lopez
obrador -- president obrador.she could be the next president
of nicaragua.if they are able to oust daniel
ortega.and edgar ramirez stars in a new
film where parents tell theirchildren "yes" all the time.
we speak to him about that andfor tps for venezuelans.
we begin now.♪
jorge: lets get to the point,"al punto" with jorge ramos.
jorge: lets get to the point,"al punto."
today, we have everything aboutimmigration, from the proposal
to legalize dreamers andfarmworkers to the undocumented
entry of many central americanimmigrants.
it could be the largest wave ofimmigrants in the last 20 years.
.but we begin with the crisis on
the border.with thousands of children
crossing alone from mexico tothe united states, there are
over 15,000 that have crossedwithout their parents in january
and february.this is what we are hearing.
>> what country are you from?>> andres.
-- honduras.>> who brought you this far?
>> no, just by myself.>> did your family pay for
somebody to bring you here?>> yes.
>> may god bless you.take care of yourself.
>> there are many more thousandsat the border crossing alone
into the united states.to tell us what is happening on
the border, we are joined byrepresentative veronica escobar
whose district orders mexico.thank you for joining us.
what are you seeing on theborder?
>> thank you for theopportunity.
what we are seeing is what wehave seen for decades.
people arriving at their momentof greatest need to our border.
fleeing their country.this time, we are seeing many
children.and also families.
but also, we are seeing mexicansarriving.
the joe biden administration isaccepting children, helping to
ensure they are reunified withtheir families.
almost half of these childrenhave parents in this country.
jorge: congresswoman, the bidenadministration does not want to
call this a crisis, but i wantyou to help me find a solution.
the mexican government has saidit will close its border with
guatemala.when trump asked mexico to do
that, we said mexico had becomedonald trumps wall.
is mexico now joe bidens wall?>> closing our border is not the
solution.that is what we saw under donald
trump.it is what we have seen in the
past.we have to advance permanent
solutions.we need to work together, not
just with mexico or the centralamerican countries, but also
involve canada because all of ushave an obligation to resolve
all of this.if we do not do this, we will
continue to have thisconversation year after year.
i am hopeful that the joe bidenadministration wants to do that,
finally work to resolve what ishappening in central america.
but we also need to work withour neighbor, our friend,
mexico, to advance humanitariansolutions and abandon the policy
of cruelty.jorge: president joe biden wants
to invest in central america.that will take a long time.
do you think things will worsenon the border in your district
before they get better >>?we will see more people arriving
at the border in the next fewmonths because that is what
happens every year.it is part of what we have seen
your after year.and yes, it is correct to say
things will get more difficultbefore we see a success of
long-term plans.jorge: i have one last question
for you.when republicans see what is
happening at the border, theyinsist this is a crisis.
178 thousand undocumentedimmigrants arrived in january
and february.when they see all of this,
surely they do not want toapprove immigration reform.
maybe they do not want toapprove what you have tasked to
help dreamers and farmworkers.do you think the possibility of
legalizing them is indanger?
>> we need to advance the truthwhich is that for decades, we
have seen people arriving to ourborder.
this is not something new.this is not caused by joe biden.
the more time we waste on thisconversation trying to find out
whos fault it is or whether ornot there is a crisis, we are
not talking about advancingsolutions to resolve all of
this.we have a lot of work to do,
especially in the senate, toadvance necessary changes.
but i am hopeful we will finallyresolve it under the leadership
of joe biden.jorge: congresswoman veronica
escobar, thank you for joiningus.
>> thank you.jorge: because we want to have
both points of view, we will nowhear from a republican.
congresswoman maria elvirasalazar visited the border this
week and she has a differentproposal.
she joins us for the first timeon this program.
thank you for being with us.you were a journalist your whole
life.this week, you went to the
border.what did you see?
can you describe that for us?>> what i saw was thousands and
thousands of children, mostlycentral american and mexican,
who were in a detention center.very clean, by the way, very
well-managed with three meals aday.
14-year-old children with14-year-old children.
13-year-old children with13-year-old children.
they were being cared for.the question is, what happened
to the children on the way tothe border?
how many of those children arebeing trafficked?
how many of them are beingforced to work sexually for
others?that is the big problem we have.
we can talk about the politicalramifications this has.
jorge: perhaps the question is,what is the solution?
you voted alongside democrats tosupport dreamers and farmworkers
so they can have a legalizedstatus.
you proposed a so-called plan ofdignity.
what is that?what is that counterproposal?
>> it is the art of thepossible.
it is to give a status to the 11million people who are here
without papers.everybody who has been in this
country over five years who haschildren who are american, have
not committed a crime, working,paying taxes, they should have
dignity for the next 10 yearsand they cannot have their car
taken from them or be ejectedfrom the country.
you know the proposal joe bidenhas presented does not have
enough votes in the house wherei am.
if it had the votes, they wouldhave presented bidens plan that
he promised on his first day ofhis administration.
what we have done is voted fordreamers and people who work on
the farms.what about everybody else in
between?what happens to somebody that
does not have tps, that is not adreamer, that has been in this
country for 10 years and isalways under the fear that he or
she will be deported and haveeverything taken from them?
that is what the dignity plan isfor, to give them dignity now.
i just voted in favor ofdreamers and people working in
the fields.but there are many people in
limbo.democrats are promising
something they know they cannotfulfill.
that bothers me most becausethey are playing with the false
hope of that group of peoplethat you and i serve.
and that they know is not true.jorge: would you like a complete
wall on the border?in the last election, you
supported president donaldtrump.
you know for many latinos, he isa racist and against immigrants.
would you be in favor of a wallon the border?
is that a precondition tolegalize 11 million undocumented
people?>> we are not talking about a
wall.as you said, we went to the
border.we are talking about keeping
border on the border.whatever the technology that
might be, it could be talltowers that detect through
infrared how people bring drugsto the border.
we are talking beyond that.we are not just focusing on one
thing, the wall or trump, we aretrying to resolve a problem for
11 million brothers and sisterswho are giving their lives and
always afraid they might bedeported.
that is what i am talking about.i repeat, we need to solve the
problem on the border soeveryone, including democrats,
can understand that we need totake care of the people inside.
forget about trump.forget about the past.
lets look toward the future.the person picking jalapenos in
california is not thinking aboutwhat happened what is going to
go in the future.to not be imported, to not be
separated from his children, andto not have his cars taken from
him.that is what i am getting
toward.we need to be humane.
we need to create an immigrationlaw, reform it, so that everyone
in the market needs can enter.i have said this to my
republican colleagues.the people we are talking about
will not be doctors andengineers.
we need people who can pickfruit, who can clean, who can
work in hotels and construction.the market needs to dictate who
will enter, what the marketneeds.
we need to make sure the asylumsystem is not being abused.
we know it is being abused.sometime someone who needs it
cannot get it.we need complete reform.
until that reform, what are wegoing to do with somebody who is
here?my neighbors worker or the man
who works in the garden nextdoor.
that is why my plan exists.jorge: congresswoman, thank you
for being on the program for thefirst time.
when we return, a proposal tolegalize dreamers has been
approved.but the hardest thing remains.
also, how effective are vaccinesagainst coronavirus and what
will theirjorge: lets go now to the big
victory for dreamers.the house approved a proposal
that would legalize their statusand give them a path to
citizenship.they still need support in the
senate.that will be the most difficult
thing.we are joined by cristina
jimenez, one of the main leadersof dreamers in the country.
thank you for joining again.lets talk about what was
approved this week.it is not comprehensive
immigration reform.it is much smaller proposals.
could you give us a summary ofeach?
>> yes, there is a proposalcalled the promise act for
dreamers and the promise tpsrecipients have received.
this proposal creates a path tocitizenship for people with tps
and also for young, undocumentedpeople who have daca, and others
not able to apply for daca.they also qualify.
it is a more expensive versioncompared to other -- expansive
version compared to otherlegislation.
we also have another proposalcalled the agricultural worker
modernization act.it also provides a path to
citizenship for agriculturalworkers, many of whom are
undocumented who can now applyfor citizenship if the law is
approved.jorge: if both proposals are
approved, how many millionswould benefit?
it would not be the 11 million.but how many do you estimate?
>> we are talking about over 4million people, including young
people with and without daca,people with tps, and also
farmworkers who would qualifyfor this pass to citizenship
under these proposals.jorge: very well.
you and i have had thisconversation before.
what is missing now?it still needs to be approved in
the senate.i dont know where they will get
10 votes from republicans toreach 60.
what is the strategy now?>> there are two important
things we talk about strategy.we need to acknowledge the power
of immigrant communities whohave achieved this historic vote
in the house of representatives.this has taken over 20 years to
get to this moment.that is the power we need to
celebrate today.number two, the strategy to
follow at this moment is that weknow that republicans have not
been a pro immigrant party.we saw they did not even support
in favor of the covid reliefbill that was approved in
congress.it is no secret in washington
and outside of washington thatwe cannot count with republicans
to gain citizenship for ourcommunity.
i hope president biden and thedemocrats are implementing a
strategy that will require only50 votes.
that can be done the same waythat the covid relief bill was
approved.it was approved only with
democratic votes.this is a tactic to get
legislation through congress, toinclude immigration in another
big package that i know thebiden administration and
congress will be working towardan infrastructure budget,
infrastructure package in thenext few weeks.
i think that would be thestrategic opportunity that would
allow our communities to have apath toward citizenship.
that is the push we need to donow with president biden and
democrats.jorge: the strategy is youre
saying you will not have anyrepublican votes.
you will not get 60 votes withthem, so you will try to get all
of it through just thedemocratic party?
>> that is correct.we need to learn from the
mistakes of the obamaadministration.
president obama always wanted towork with republicans.
that is why he deported millionsof people, a record number in
his administration, because hethought the more deportations
there were, republicans wouldcome to negotiate.
jorge: that never happened.>> that never happened.
it was a strategy that was amiscalculation by the obama
administration.we have learned from that.
jorge: cristina jimenez, thankyou.
hopefully, this story will bedifferent this time.
when we return, how safe is itto vaccinate children against
coronavirus?a doctor tells us what we can
expect.and feminists in mexico ask
president lopez obradorge ramos>> 58 days into our
administration, we will have metmy goal of administrating 100
million shots to fellowamericans.
jorge: as we just heardpresident biden say, the
administration has already metits objective to distribute 100
million vaccines in under 100days.
that is good news.this week, moderna began
clinical trials with children.carlos del rio has worked to
produce and distribute themoderna vaccine.
he joins us.thank you for returning to the
show.what are you concerned about?
>> >> i am concerned the casesare diminishing in the united
states.we are seeing a surge in certain
places like new york, newjersey, and michigan.
it concerns me because we areseeing these more contagious
variants.we have a race between strains
and vaccines.we need to win the race.
we are going to do it by makingsure not to get infected, using
a face mask, maintaining socialdistancing practices, etc. until
we get the vaccine.as soon as we can get vaccinated
, getting vaccinated.the sooner we get vaccinated,
the sooner we get to herdimmunity.
then we will be safe.when it is your turn to get
vaccinated, get vaccinated.jorge: i want to ask about
children.with a moderna vaccine, you are
studying the effects on childrenbelow the age of 12.
there are children under sixmonths in the trial.
when do you expect it to beapproved for children?
>> right now, the vaccine isapproved for everybody over 18.
for children to the age of 12,probably this summer.
for children younger than 12,probably late 202022.
-- late 2021 or 2022.jorge: they have said children
can be separated by just threefeet.
is that enough?are you comfortable with that
i will tell you why.the cdc published three studies
that show low rates oftransmission in schools despite
there being high transmissionrates in the community.
this is a virus that is nottransmitted much between
children.it mostly happens among adults.
i think it is important childrenreturn to school.
the most worrying thing isteachers need to be vaccinated.
lets vaccinate teachers,administrative staff, bus
drivers, lets continue usingface masks.
lets keep a social distance ofthree feet.
i think it is fundamental forthe mental health of children,
for the future of the children,but also to open the economy.
if children did it is impossiblepeople to return to work.
doctors, scientists, but arepoliticians doing their part?
we have over 100 miln 100 days.>> i think things are going
well.president biden said he would
give one million doses to get upto 100 million.
we have surpassed that.globally, over 400 million
vaccines have been administered.100 million in the united
states.what worries me regarding the
latin american public, we havean equity -- in equity globally.
we need to make sure vaccinesarrive in latin america.
theres a huge problem inbrazil.
as americans, we need tovaccinate the world.
if this vaccine does not end ona global level, it does not end
for anybody.jorge: youre saying right now
there are vaccines just for richcountry so we need to give
vaccines from the united statesto latin american and other
countries?>> it is not about giving
things.it is a strategy that benefits
us as americans.if latin america is healthy
because they are not infected,they will buy our products.
it is to our advantage to dothis.
it is about self-interest.we will get tourism from those
countries, etc.the important thing is to see
how we can support efforts likecovax from the world health
organization to make sure thesevaccines go to the rest of the
world in a logical and fast way.jorge: thank you for speaking
with us.in related news, hobby or
becerra -- have your becerra --javier becerra was confirmed on
thursday.he is the son of immigrants pray
he is the first latino secretaryof health and human services.
it was a close vote, 50 in favorand 49 against.
when we return, the president ofmexico has been criticized for
not defending women and forsupporting a candidate accused
of sexual misconduct.and she wants to be president of
nicaragua.she will tell us what she plans
to do about danielle ortega.♪
>> activists 10 feminists inmexico are furious because
president lopez obrador hasgiven support to a candidate
accused of sexual assault.they are also upset at how the
administration responded torecent protests.
we are joined by a journalistwho wrote a powerful and
influential article askingmexican men to break with the
patriarchal pact.thanks for returning to the
program.>> thanks for inviting me.
jorge: the first question has todo with andres manuel lopez
obrador, the president ofmexico.
he is a politician for goodpolitical instinct.
he does not fly in apresidential airplane.
he did not get the vaccinebefore millions of mexicans.
when it comes to the proteststhat occurred on international
womens day, he was not insupport of women.
is something wrong?>> you are right.
he has got an instinct for thepublic that is effective, but he
has also got an outsized ego.he has shown this since his
administration began.i think hawhat he does not
like is the size of what he isseeing.
he sees this as opposition fromwomen against him.
it is not that we are here in asmall space of opposition.
this is a global movement.it is the most important thing
in the century.in mexico, we come from all
social segments, all ages.we are saying there is a crisis
in violence against women.it is so big that i think what
was activated was andress mens manuels ego and it is
costing him.lets hear what he said.
>> we cannot allow politicallynchings.
what did you want from me?for me to disqualify, as though
i were a [spanish]no, i am a democrat.
if there are accusations, thesystem should resolve the
situation.jorge: could you explain what
the problem is with thepresident supporting the
candidacy of felix salgadomacedonio?
>> he has been accused of sexualharassment five times.
rape twice.these accusations have been
presented to the attorneygeneral.
but one of these cases tookplace over 22 years ago, so the
statute of limitations applies.so, we women are calling him an
alleged rapist.jorge: this candidate to the
governorship.>> that is correct.
has an ethical responsibilitywith institutional decency to
say something.jorge: i wanted to ask you, you
wrote one of the most powerfuland influential articles in the
last few months if not longer.you asked mexicans, mexican men,
to break the patriarchal pact.what are you asking?
>> yes, the patriarchal pact isa type of silent pact that has
existed in the world, butparticularly in mexico where men
know that they can commitviolence against women and their
friends, brothers, will not sayanything.
they will not stop them.jorge: where are you asking men
in mexico -- what are you askingmen in mexico?
>> to break the silence.this is not just a topic of
gender.this affects the country.
it affects the moral nature ofour country.
there is an alleged rapistrunning for governor.
we are asking men to join us.jorge: do you think you are
changing mexico, changing mexicofrom the inside?
>> completely.i was at the march on march 8.
and younger women and olderwomen, women my age, i am seeing
that we are so committed to thecause.
we are so organized.spontaneously
important pieces we are movingabsolutely.
jorge: your voice is being heardloudly.
thank you and break the pact.jorge:
nicaragua which will havepresidential elections in
november.daniel ortega is looking for
another term.recently, a law was approved
that would exclude many of hisadversaries from running in
november.however, cristiana chamorro
has been talked about as apossible candidate.
she is a journalist and hermother was the only woman
president of nicaragua.thank you for being with us.
i want to say that i was innicaragua in 1990 when your
mother beat daniel ortega.this was 1990.
might this be repeated in 2021?>> i think so.
it is important people go outand vote again and express with
the vote the desire to end thisrepressive dictatorship in
nicaragua that we have had underdaniel ortega.
this is our third chance innicaragua.
we are determined to haveelections and to win on november
7.jorge: i would like to ask the
following.daniel ortega is 74.
he returned to power in 2007.he ran again in 2011 and 2016.
these last elections were rifewith electoral fraud.
what makes you think this timeortega will play fairly and will
not cheat?>> look, jorge.
what we need to do is fight toget to that moment and to have
the conditions to vote infreedom.
he has been breaking all sortsof norms.
but he knows that there need tobe elections in november.
we are working at this moment todemand conditions that will
allow nicaraguans not to havethat sacred right taken from
them.i think if that happens, we will
win.jorge: very well.
lets clear something up.at the moment, you are not a
candidate.what needs to happen for you to
be a candidate?what conditions need to exist?
>> at the moment, i have saidyes to nicaragua.
i said i was ready to servenicaraguans because i had a
conviction, a conviction that weneed to live under democracy and
in freedom.that response i gave in her log
ones -- nicaraguans has receiveda lot of support.
i am at the top of the polls atthe moment.
how will i formalize mycandidacy?
i am proposing and working forthis so that the two legitimate
opposition forces can reach aconsensus saying they will be
united.jorge: at the international
level, when there is adictatorship, it is difficult
for them to file an election.is daniel ortega a dictator?
>> yes, he is a dictator.he is repressive.
he is a monstrous dictator.in nicaragua, we have
experienced something we havenot seen in decades.
right now, we have over 100political prisoners.
we have thousands.we have 100,000 people in exile.
if you bring out a flag and say"long live nicaragua," you get
thrown into jail.some of his political opponents
are in house arrest.jorge: is it true that when he
lost the election, your motherhad to comfort him while he was
crying?>> it is true.
i was a witness to it.i saw him crying.
my mom was comforting him.jorge: you saw it?
>> yes, he arrived to my mothershouse.
my mother hugged him and saiddont worry, this will get
resolved.jorge: i end with this.
how is your mother?she is 91 preach she changed the
history of nicaragua.how is she now?
>> she is in delicate condition.she is awaiting her day with
tranquility and peace, feelinglike she has accomplished her
mission.jorge: thank you for joining us
pray we will see if you are ableto accomplish your mission.
we go to el salvador.it is no secret i have been
asking for an interviewwith the president of el
salvador.this week, the president sent me
a message on twitter.he said, tell jorge i already
gave an interview to tuckercarlson.
we already had an interview in2015 when he was mayor of sent
salvador.he told me the following.
>> in el salvador, abortion isagainst the law.
thousands of women were accusedof having an abortion.
are you against abortion?>> yes, i am against abortion.
there is a case of 17 womenaccused.
they had doctors notes sayingthey had not awarded, that they
had had a miscarriage.and these women are persecuted.
i think in our country, we needto see the real problems we
have.i am against abortion, but our
country has such big problems.jorge: you are against abortion
under any condition?>> no, not if a womans life is
in danger.nayib bukele, --jorge: nayib
bukele the invitation is open.you can come to the program
whenever you want.can you imagine saying yes to
everything your children suggestfor a day?
one actor had to do it in amovie.n>> "yes day" -- you cannot ask
to get your hair cut.it is not about spending money
or doing extravagant activities.it is about spending quality
time.that is what yesterday is about.
i think every relationship thatis important in your life
deserves a yes day.it could be with your partner,
your parents, your workenvironment.
we believe that "yes day" can bea therapeutic tool for all sorts
of relationships.>> something important is the
image we are seeing of anamerican family.
it is the torres family.it is a complicated family, will
the cultural.this has something to do with
the director and with you.this family we are seeing, is
this a new american family?>> of course.
they live in los angeles.i live in los angeles.
i live half of my life inspanish and english.
i am surrounded by multiculturalfamilies constantly.
it is very important that thereality that we experience, that
the world we live in, bereflected in the stories we
tell.and obviously for me, as an
immigrant, i have been living inthe united states for the last
three years.it is very important that the
torres family where the motheris american and the father is
venezuelan and their childrenare bicultural, that it be a
family as californian, asamerican, as any other family
from any other origin.jorge: we have been speaking
about this for decades,hollywood and in the united
states, we dont see latinfamilies.
this has been changing little bylittle.
we are 20% of the population.should 20% of the movies be
about us?>> i think that if we dont
necessarily address topics thataffect hispanic communities,
there should be hispaniccharacters in a natural and
organic way.i think there is a lot of work
to do.that is being reflected
increasingly.as you say, we are the largest
minority in the united states.it is simply a demographic
reality.and i think that the work is
being done in thatrepresentation will be more
equal.jorge: how was the film made?
was it before the pandemic,during the pandemic?
the film, instead of going to atheater, it is going to netflix.
how is the way we are seeingmovies changing?
>> there is no better place fora film like this at this moment
than netflix.just two weeks after finishing
the movie, the pandemic began.for me, from a personal point of
view, the film has taken on amore profound meaning than it
had when i was filming itbecause basically what you are
giving the people you most lovethrough a "yes day" is your time
and focus.you can spend 10 hours with
somebody, but if you aredistracted and not really giving
them anything, it is the focusthat can be so difficult.
for me, the beginning of thepandemic is very related to "yes
day."i think a place like netflix
when theaters are not open yetfor a movie that for me is very
inspiring that i hope whenpeople see it around the world,
i hope they will be able to feelhope.
jorge: let me end with somethingelse.
the united states has finallygiven tps, temporary protected
status, 2000s of venezuelans --to thousands of been as well as
in the united states.what message are they sending to
the world?>> finally, there is an
administration taking seriouslythe topic of human rights.
i think that for a long time andduring the trump administration
there was a terriblemanipulation.
the venezuelan pain was used toget votes in strategic areas,
especially florida.and i think in the end, nothing
substantial was done to improvethe condition of venezuelans in
the country or to help thecondition of venezuelans in
venezuela.jorge: i hope to see you soon
and in person with a vaccine.online or follow us on
facebook, instagram, andtwitter.
until next week, when togetherwe get to th
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