publicidad
Trump addresses a joint session of Congress on Feb. 28, 2017, as VP Mike Pence and House Speaker Paul Ryan applaud.

Trump suggests ‘merit-based’ immigration policy in address to Congress

Trump suggests ‘merit-based’ immigration policy in address to Congress

That would favor the best and the brightest, but severely restrict low-skilled immigration, hurting companies in the agricultural or manufacturing sectors.

Trump addresses a joint session of Congress on Feb. 28, 2017, as VP Mike...
Trump addresses a joint session of Congress on Feb. 28, 2017, as VP Mike Pence and House Speaker Paul Ryan applaud.

(Editor’s note: President Donald Trump gave his first address to a joint session of Congress on Feb. 28. The speech featured policy ideas that appealed to Republicans, and others that sounded more Democratic. We asked scholars to react to the substance of the speech and evaluate its tone for hints of bipartisanship.) The Conversation

President Trump called for a “merit-based system” for immigration, which would represent a major change in U.S. immigration policy.

This could, for example, boost innovation. But, at the same time, it would require significant adjustments by U.S. companies, while raising the costs of services in many parts of the U.S. Importantly, it is unlikely that this policy would “save countless dollars, raise workers’ wages and help working families,” as President Trump claimed.

In short, a merit-based immigration system, like that in place in Canada and Australia, assigns applicants points based on their status in each of several categories, typically emphasizing an immigrant’s language fluency, educational attainment, age and whether employment has been secured prior to arrival. As a result, the system tends to select young immigrants ready to perform skilled work.

The benefits of a merit-based immigration system derive from welcoming a steady stream of the best and brightest from around the world, something the U.S. has done for most of its history through the H-1B visa and other programs.

It should be noted that recent immigration has already been tilted toward those with skills, so such a system wouldn’t necessarily provide companies with more able workers.

In fact, the primary effect of the introduction of a merit-based system would be to severely restrict low-skilled immigration, hurting companies in the agricultural or manufacturing sectors that are more reliant on such workers. One of the most consistent findings within the immigration literature is that companies are quick to replace low-skill workers with capital by replacing them with machines when conditions change. The wages of a few remaining workers would rise but most would likely lose out.

At the same time, costs such as dining out, landscaping, housework and elderly care would become more expensive as low-skill immigrant service providers become more scarce.

While a merit-based system would impose some coherence on U.S. immigration policy, which today is quite piecemeal and inefficient, it would severely restrict low-skill immigration. This is unlikely to increase Americans’ economic prospects, and in fact would probably reduce them.

Greg Wright, Assistant Professor of Economics, University of California, Merced

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.


publicidad


publicidad
publicidad
Latino millennials account for almost half the 27.3 million eligible Latino voters in this election. But Latino turn out is traditionally far lower than black and Anglo voters. J.P. Dominguez asks “when are we going to wake up?”
A study by the Institute on Taxation and Economic policy found that undocumented immigrants pay $11.64 billion a year in state and local taxes. The undocumented pay on average 8% of their income on taxes while the wealthiest 1% pay only 5.4%. J.P Dominguez says that's "trumped up."
During the first presidential debate, the candidates took a chance to bring up each others past mistakes to affect their performance.
After the "Taco trucks on every corner" comment from the co-founder of Latinos for Trump, part of his immigration past emerged. This is JP Domínguez's take on the issue.
Donald Trump's wife and aspiring First Lady is an immigrant who says she always "went by the law" - but her story is a little 'SUS'.
Así se preparó la actriz Bárbara de Regil para interpretar a Rosario Tijeras
No te pierdas la aventura de Birmania Ríos con la protagonista de la nueva producción de Univision, quien inspirada en su personaje, nos contó detalles de la serie y cómo preparó su cuerpo para interpretar bien a Rosario.
Mujer que alquilaría vientre a Kim Kardashian ya estaría embarazada de gemelos
Según una publicación de un medio de entretenimiento estadounidense, la famosa pareja habría pagado a una mujer cerca de 45,000 dólares y ya estaría embarazada.
¿Por qué las naranjas no tienen cuernos? Ana Patricia llegó estrenando chistes
Gracias a la ayuda de sus fanáticos, Ana Patricia ya tiene nuevo repertorio de chistes. ¡Como este que le contó a nuestro stage manager y que Baby Giulietta tampoco aprobó!
Su historia tiene precio: Hijo de Eduardo Yánez estaría cobrando por contar la verdad sobre su padre
Luego de afirmar en su cuenta en Twitter que su padre era un drogadicto, racista y abusador de mujeres, Eduardo Yánez Jr. dijo que contaría la historia de su padre a quien le haga la mejor oferta económica.
publicidad
Policía de Chicago fuera de servicio y una mujer mueren en accidente automovilístico en el vecindario de Lawndale
De acuerdo con las autoridades, el oficial conducía su SUV personal y se estrelló con otro vehículo que manejaba una mujer. Se cree que el accidente ocurrió a alta velocidad, pero aún no se han dado a conocer más detalles.
Buscan al sospechoso de agredir sexualmente a una mujer en una iglesia de Riverside
La policía reveló un retrato hablado del hombre, señalado por la víctima de haberla llevado hasta unos contenedores de basura ubicados en el área de la iglesia para agredirla sexualmente el pasado domingo.
El mundo desconfía de Trump: los más escépticos son los mexicanos, los españoles y los suecos
Un estudio de Pew Research en 37 países muestra que el 74% de la población no tiene fe en el liderazgo del presidente de EEUU. La mayor bajada de apoyo sucede entre los aliados europeos. Trump sólo tiene más respaldo que Obama en Rusia e Israel.
¿Qué pasará con la ley SB4 de Texas? Cinco lecciones que aprendimos de la primera audiencia
El gobierno de Texas dio la impresión de que no castigaría a policías individuales que no cumplan la medida antisantuario, mientras los demandantes alegaron que la legislación viola el derecho a la libre expresión.
Usain Bolt bromea sobre "Cuando se jubile"
El atleta jamaicano habló sobre su retiro y lo feliz que esta por la decisión, además de cerrar una entrevista bromeando sobre la credibilidad de su jubilación.
Fin de semana romántico: Shannon de Lima y ‘El Canelo’ presumen su amor en fotos
La exesposa de Marc Anthony compartió una tierna foto en su cuenta de Instagram donde aparece con el reconocido boxeador y la acompaña de un tierno mensaje. Por otro lado, no te pierdas las divertidas vacaciones de Shakira junto a Piqué.
Agente de Radamel Falcao acude a declarar en investigación por fraude fiscal
El colombiano es acusado de crear una estructura societaria para ocultar ingresos durante su estancia con el Atlético de Madrid.
Revelan nueva información de amaños en la candidatura del Mundial de Qatar
Un diario alemán reveló información de viajes y pagos para influir en las votaciones para elegir la sede del Mundial 2022.