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Before crashing, the LaMia aircraft pushed its fuel limit on eight other flights

Before crashing, the LaMia aircraft pushed its fuel limit on eight other flights

In the last six months, the aircraft endangered the life of three different football teams by failing to comply with regulations requiring a fuel reserve of at least 45 minutes.

At least eight flights carried out by LaMia Airlines prior to the fatal flight in which the Chapecoense team members died, the company violated aeronautical regulations relating to the weight and fuel of the plane, according to an itinerary obtained by Univision Investiga and analyzed by experts.

According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the aircrafts must carry a mandatory fuel reserve for any eventuality. Flights should be planned ir order to avoid using that reserve.

Mandatory fuel reserve of

at least 45 minutes

The Avro RJ85 aircraft can flight for about

4 hours and 22 minutes on a tank of fuel.*

FLIGHT HOURS

0

1

2

3

4

Santa Cruz - Medellin

9

Nov. 28. Chapecoense’s

flight crashes.

4h 42m

(2,960 km)

Belo Horizonte - B. Aires

8

Nov 11. Flights the Argentina

national football team to

a match for the 2018

World Cup Qualifiers.

4h 04m

(2,170 km)

Buenos Aires - Belo Horizonte

3h 29m

(2,170 km)

Santa Cruz - Buenos Aires

3h 07m

(1,940 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

7

Nov 4. Flight to pick up

the Argentina national

football team.

4h 33m

(2,960 km)

Cobija - Medellin

3h 25m

(2,040 km)

Asuncion - Cobija

3h 12m

(1,970 km)

Sta. Cruz - Asuncion

1h 36m

(1,022 km)

4h 32m

(2,960 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

6

Oct 29. Flights Club Atletico

Nacional for the South

American Cup semifinal.

Cochabamba - Medellin

5

Oct 28. Flights empty.

4h 27m

(2,800 km)

Cobija - Foz de Iguazu

3h 13m

(2,205 km)

3h 50m

(2,510 km)

Barranquilla - Cobija

4

Oct 20. Flights Chapecoense

back from the South

American Cup quarter finals.

3h 56m

(2,510 km)

Cobija - Barranquilla

3

Oct 18. Flights Chapecoense

for the South American Cup

quarter finals.

2h 51m (1,635 km)

Brasilia - Santa Cruz

Natal - Brasilia

2h 54m (1,770 km)

Brasilia - Natal

2h 37m (1,770 km)

Santa Cruz - Brasilia

2h 34m (1,635 km)

3h 01m (1,970 km)

Cobija - Asuncion

3h 11m (2,040 km)

Cobija - Medellin

Cobija - Coch.

1h 19m (760 km)

3h 41m

(2,400 km)

Caracas - Cobija

2

Sep 7. Flights empty.

Merida - Caracas

1h 06m (510 km)

4h 28m

(2,960 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

1

Aug 22. Flights empty.

(*) Flight time may vary according to

wind or delays on ground.

According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the aircrafts must carry a mandatory fuel reserve for any eventuality. Flights should be planned ir order to avoid using that reserve.

Mandatory fuel reserve of

at least 45 minutes

The Avro RJ85 aircraft can flight for about

4 hours and 22 minutes on a tank of fuel.*

FLIGHT HOURS

0

1

2

3

4

Santa Cruz - Medellin

9

Nov. 28. Chapecoense’s

flight crashes.

4h 42m

(2,960 km)

Belo Horizonte - Buenos Aires

8

Nov 11. Flights the Argentina

national football

team to a match for the 2018

World Cup Qualifiers.

4h 04m

(2,170 km)

Buenos Aires - Belo Horizonte

3h 29m

(2,170 km)

Santa Cruz - Buenos Aires

3h 07m

(1,940 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

7

Nov 4. Flight to pick up the

Argentina national football team.

4h 33m

(2,960 km)

Cobija - Medellin

3h 25m

(2,040 km)

Asuncion - Cobija

3h 12m

(1,970 km)

Sta. Cruz - Asuncion

1h 36m

(1,022 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

6

Oct 29. Flights Club Atletico

Nacional for the South American

Cup semifinal.

4h 32m

(2,960 km)

Cochabamba - Medellin

5

Oct 28. Flights empty.

4h 27m

(2,800 km)

Cobija - Foz de Iguazu

3h 13m

(2,205 km)

Barranquilla - Cobija

3h 50m

(2,510 km)

4

Oct 20. Flights Chapecoense

back from the South American

Cup quarter finals.

Cobija - Barranquilla

3h 56m

(2,510 km)

3

Oct 18. Flights Chapecoense

for the South American Cup

quarter finals.

Brasilia - Santa Cruz

2h 51m (1,635 km)

Natal - Brasilia

2h 54m (1,770 km)

Brasilia - Natal

2h 37m (1,770 km)

Santa Cruz - Brasilia

2h 34m (1,635 km)

Cobija - Asuncion

3h 01m (1,970 km)

Cobija - Medellin

3h 11m (2,040 km)

Cobija - Coch.

1h 19m (760 km)

Caracas - Cobija

3h 41m

(2,400 km)

2

Sep 7. Flights empty.

Merida - Caracas

1h 06m (510 km)

4h 28m

(2,960 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

1

Aug 22. Flights empty.

(*) Flight time may vary according to wind

or delays on ground.

According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the aircrafts must carry a mandatory fuel reserve for any eventuality. Flights should be planned ir order to avoid using that reserve.

Mandatory fuel reserve

of at least 45 minutes

The Avro RJ85 aircraft can flight for about

4 hours and 22 minutes on a tank of fuel.*

FLIGHT HOURS

0

1

2

3

4

Santa Cruz - Medellin

4h 42m

(2,960 km)

9

Nov. 28. Chapecoense’s flight crashes.

Belo Horizonte - Buenos Aires

4h 04m

(2,170 km)

8

Nov 11. Flights the Argentina national football

team to a match for the 2018 World Cup Qualifiers.

Buenos Aires - Belo Horizonte

3h 29m (2,170 km)

Santa Cruz - Buenos Aires

3h 07m (1,940 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

4h 33m

(2,960 km)

7

Nov 4. Flight to pick up the Argentina

national football team.

Cobija - Medellin

3h 25m (2,040 km)

Asuncion - Cobija

3h 12m (1,970 km)

Sta. Cruz - Asuncion

1h 36m (1,022 km)

4h 32m

(2,960 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

6

Oct 29. Flights Club Atletico Nacional

for the South American Cup semifinal.

Cochabamba - Medellin

4h 27m

(2,800 km)

5

Oct 28. Flights empty.

Cobija - Foz de Iguazu

3h 13m (2,205 km)

Barranquilla - Cobija

3h 50m

(2,510 km)

4

Oct 20. Flights Chapecoense back from

the South American Cup quarter finals.

Cobija - Barranquilla

3h 56m

(2,510 km)

3

Oct 18. Flights Chapecoense for the South

American Cup quarter finals.

Brasilia - Santa Cruz

2h 51m (1,635 km)

Natal - Brasilia

2h 54m (1,770 km)

Brasilia - Natal

2h 37m (1,770 km)

Santa Cruz - Brasilia

2h 34m (1,635 km)

Cobija - Asuncion

3h 01m (1,970 km)

Cobija - Medellin

3h 11m (2,040 km)

Cobija - Coch.

1h 19m (760 km)

Caracas - Cobija

3h 41m

(2,400 km)

2

Sep 7. Flights empty.

Merida - Caracas

1h 06m (510 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

4h 28m

(2,960 km)

1

Aug 22. Flights empty.

(*) Flight time may vary according to wind or delays on ground.

According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the aircrafts must carry a mandatory fuel reserve for any eventuality. Flights should be planned ir order to avoid using that reserve.

Mandatory fuel reserve

of at least 45 minutes

The Avro RJ85 aircraft can flight for about

4 hours and 22 minutes on a tank of fuel.*

FLIGHT HOURS

0

1

2

3

4

Santa Cruz - Medellin

4h 42m

(2,960 km)

9

Nov. 28. Chapecoense’s flight crashes.

Belo Horizonte - Buenos Aires

4h 04m

(2,170 km)

8

Nov 11. Flights the Argentina national football

team to a match for the 2018 World Cup Qualifiers.

Buenos Aires - Belo Horizonte

3h 29m (2,170 km)

Santa Cruz - Buenos Aires

3h 07m (1,940 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

4h 33m

(2,960 km)

7

Nov 4. Flight to pick up the Argentina national football team.

Cobija - Medellin

3h 25m (2,040 km)

Asuncion - Cobija

3h 12m (1,970 km)

Sta. Cruz - Asuncion

1h 36m (1,022 km)

4h 32m

(2,960 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

6

Oct 29. Flights Club Atletico Nacional for the South American

Cup semifinal.

Cochabamba - Medellin

4h 27m

(2,800 km)

5

Oct 28. Flights empty.

Cobija - Foz de Iguazu

3h 13m (2,205 km)

Barranquilla - Cobija

3h 50m

(2,510 km)

4

Oct 20. Flights Chapecoense back from the South American

Cup quarter finals.

Cobija - Barranquilla

3h 56m

(2,510 km)

3

Oct 18. Flights Chapecoense for the South American Cup

quarter finals.

Brasilia - Santa Cruz

2h 51m (1,635 km)

Natal - Brasilia

2h 54m (1,770 km)

Brasilia - Natal

2h 37m (1,770 km)

Santa Cruz - Brasilia

2h 34m (1,635 km)

Cobija - Asuncion

3h 01m (1,970 km)

Cobija - Medellin

3h 11m (2,040 km)

Cobija - Coch.

1h 19m (760 km)

Caracas - Cobija

3h 41m

(2,400 km)

2

Sep 7. Flights empty.

Merida - Caracas

1h 06m (510 km)

Medellin - Santa Cruz

4h 28m

(2,960 km)

1

Aug 22. Flights empty.

(*) Flight time may vary according to wind or delays on ground.

The company put the passengers at high risk by covering entire routes without enough fuel to overcome eventual overflights by air traffic at the destination or detours due to bad weather, analysts said.

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"What this table reflects is that there are systematic violations on almost all flights," said Esteban Saltos, a pilot, air safety expert. "As far as I can see, the company was accustomed to taking the plane to the fuel limit."

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From the analysis of the table it appears that in order to comply with the non-refueling routes, the airline had to fill the aircraft to the limit of its fuel capacity, not taking into consideration the weight of passengers and luggage. Because of these limitations, the pilots could not have maneuvered in case of an emergency in one of the engines at takeoff, the pilot explained.

"I have no doubt that the flights that appear with maximum flight range took off with excess passenger weight thereby exceeding the capacity established by the manufacturer of the airplane," added Saltos.

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