Our bodies need salt, which contains sodium, to function properly. Eating a diet low in sodium helps control high blood pressure (hypertension), swelling and water retention. A low-sodium diet also helps reduce breathing difficulties due to heart problems.
The body uses sodium to control blood pressure and blood volume. Sodium is also needed for muscles and nerves to function properly.
Those with high blood pressure should limit their sodium consumption to 1,500 mg per day, and healthy adults should limit their intake to 2,300 milligrams.
Sodium: occurs naturally in most foods. The most common form of sodium is sodium chloride, which is the version found in most kitchens. Milk, beets, and celery also naturally contain sodium, as well as drinking water, although the amount varies depending on the source.
Hypertension: It is commonly known as high blood pressure. It occurs when blood pressure, be it systolic or diastolic, is very high. It is estimated that a patient begins to be hypertensive when their blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140 /90 mmHg.
-You must ensure that your daily intake of salt / sodium is 1.5 to 2.3 grams per day; this equates to one teaspoon of salt.
-Be careful when choosing to eat processed foods, as they often contain high levels of hidden salt.
-When you go to the supermarket, try to choose products with any of the following words on the label: low sodium, sodium-free, no salt, or no salt added.
-Stay away from foods high in salt. These include: anchovies, olives, dressings, bacon, sausage, ham and most cheeses.
-When cooking, replace salt with pepper, garlic or lemon.
-Try to use fresh fruits and vegetables in your meals as they are naturally low in salt.
-Choose nonfat or low-fat milk and yogurt more often instead of cheese, which can be high in sodium.