Examen de ciudadanía en inglés

Las 100 preguntas de la nueva prueba

Preguntas de la 1 a la 20

El servicio de inmigración estadounidense puso en vigor este 1 de octubre un nuevo examen de ciudadanía, que deberán tomar quienes pidan la naturalización a partir de esta fecha. Quienes enviaron el Formulario N-400 antes, serán examinados con el antiguo modelo Univision Online publica esta versión en idioma inglés por solicitud de nuestros usuarios.

Aquí las preguntas en español.

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

A: The Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do?

A: It sets up the government.

A: It protects basic rights of Americans.

3. What does "We the People" mean in the Constitution?

A: The power of government comes from the people.

4. What do we call changes to the Constitution?

A: Amendments

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

A: The Bill of Rights

6. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.

A: Speech

A: Religion

A: Assembly

A: Press

A: Petition the government

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

A: Twenty-seven (27)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

A: Announce the independence of the United States from Great Britain

A: Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain

9. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.

A: People are born with natural rights.

A: The power of government comes from the people.

A: The people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights.

A: All people are created equal.

10. What does freedom of religion mean?

A: You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all.

11. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?

A: Capitalist economy

A: Free market

A: Market economy

12. What is the "rule of law"?

A: Everyone must obey the law.

A: Leaders must obey the law.

A: Government must obey the law.

13. Name one branch or part of the government.

A: Congress

A: Legislative

A: President

A: Executive

A: The courts

A: Judicial

14. What would stop one of the branches of government to assume all the control or become extremely powerful?

A: Revisions, permanent monitoring

A: Separations of powers (branches of government).

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

A: The President

16. Who makes federal laws?

A: Congress

A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)

A: The (U.S. or national) legislature

17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?

A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. How many United States Senators are there?

A: 100

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

A: Six (6)

20. Name your state's two U.S. Senators.

A: Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that DC (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

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21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

A: 435

22. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?

A: Two (2)

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

A: Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting delegates or resident commissioners may provide the name of that representative or commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

A: All citizens in that Senator's state

25. What decides each state's number of U.S. Representatives?

A: The state's population

26. We elect a President for how many years?

A: Four (4) years

27. Who is the President now?

A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)

28. What is the name of the President of the United States?

A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)

A: (President) George W. Bush

A: George Bush

A: Bush

29. Who is the Vice President now?

A: [Current vice president] (as of November 20, 2006- Richard (Dick) Cheney)

A: Dick Cheney

A: Cheney

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

A: The Vice President

31. Who becomes President if both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve?

A: The Speaker of the House32. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?

A: The President

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

A: The President

34. What is a veto?

A: The President refuses to sign a bill passed by Congress.

A: The President says no to a bill.

A: The President rejects a bill.

35. What does the President's Cabinet do?

A: Advises the President

36. Name two Cabinet-level positions.

A: Secretary of Agriculture

A: Secretary of Commerce

A: Secretary of Defense

A: Secretary of Education

A: Secretary of Energy

A: Secretary of Health and Human Services

A: Secretary of Homeland Security

A: Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

A: Secretary of Interior

A: Secretary of State

A: Secretary of Transportation

A: Secretary of Treasury

A: Secretary of Veterans' Affairs

A: Attorney General

37. What does the judicial branch do?

A: Reviews and explains laws

A: Resolves disputes between parties

A: Decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. What is the highest court in the U.S.?

A: The Supreme Court

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

A: Nine (9)

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?

A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41. Name one thing only the federal government can do.

A: Print money

A: Declare war

A: Create an army

A: Make treaties

42. What is one thing only a state government can do?

A: Provide schooling and education

A: Provide protection (police)

A: Provide safety (fire departments)

A: Give a driver's license

A: Approve zoning and land use

43. Who is the Governor of your state?

A: Answers will vary.

[District of Columbia and U.S. Territory residents would answer that they do not have a state governor or that they do not live in a state. Mentioning the governor of the territory for Guam is acceptable. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]

44. What is the capital (or capital city) of your state?

A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]

45. What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?

A: Democrats and Republicans

46. What is the political party of the President now?

A: Republicans

A: Republican Party

47. Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

A: Nancy Pelosi (D-California)

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48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

A: Any citizen over 18 can vote.

A: A citizen of any race can vote.

A: Any male or female citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

A: You don't have to pay to vote. (You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote.)

49. Name one responsibility that is only for United States citizens.

A: Vote

A: Serve on a jury

50. Name two rights that are only for United States citizens.

A: The right to apply for a federal job

A: The right to vote

A:  The right to run for office

51. Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S.

A: Freedom of expression

A: Freedom of speech

A: Freedom of assembly

A: Freedom to petition the government

A: Freedom of worship

A: The right to bear arms

52. What is the Pledge of Allegiance?

A: The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation

53. Name one promise you make when you say the Oath of Allegiance.

A: To give up loyalty to other countries (I give up loyalty to my [old][first][other] country.)

A: To defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

A: To obey the laws of the United States

A: To serve in the United States military if needed (To fight for the United States [if needed].)

A: To serve the nation if needed (To do important work for the United States [if needed].)

A: To be loyal to the United States

54. Who can vote in the U.S.?

A: All citizens over 18

A: All registered citizens over 18

55. Name two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy.

A: Vote

A: Join a political party

A: Help out with a campaign

A: Join a civic group

A: Join a community group

A: Tell an elected official your opinion on an issue.

A: Call your Senators and Representatives

A: Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

A: By April 15th of every year

A: By April 15th

A: April 15

57. When must all males register for the Selective Service?

A: At age 18

A: At 18

58. Name one reason why the colonists came to America?

A: Freedom

A: Political liberty

A: Religious freedom

A: Economic opportunity

A: To practice their religion

A: To escape persecution

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

A: The Native Americans

A: American Indians

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

A: Africans

A: People from Africa

61. Why were the colonists upset with the British government?

A: Stamp Act

A: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.)

A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering)

A: Intolerable Acts

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

A: Thomas Jefferson

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

A: July 4, 1776

64. There are 13 original states. Name three.

A: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

A: The Constitution was written.

A: The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. When was the Constitution drafted?

A: 1787

A: Run for office

A: Write to a newspaper

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67. Name one of the writers of the Federalist Papers?

A: James Madison

A: Alexander Hamilton

A: John Jay

68. Name one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for.

A: U.S. diplomat

A: Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention

A: First Postmaster General of the United States

A: Writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"

69. Who is called the "Father of Our Country"?

A: George Washington

70. Who was the first President?

A: George Washington

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

A: The Louisiana Territory

A: Louisiana

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

A: War of 1812, Mexican American War, Civil War, or Spanish-American War.

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

A: The Civil War

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

A: Slavery

A: Economic reasons

A: States' rights

75. Name one of the things that Abraham Lincoln did.

A: Saved (or preserved) the Union.

A: Freed the slaves

A: Led the U.S. during the Civil War.

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

A: Freed slaves in the Confederacy

A: Freed slaves in the Confederate states

A: Freed slaves in most Southern states

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

A: She fought for women's rights.

78. Name one war fought in the United States in the 1900s.

A: World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, or Gulf (or Persian Gulf) War

79. Who was President during World War I?

A: Woodrow Wilson

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

A: Franklin Roosevelt

81. The United States fought Japan, Germany, and Italy during which war?

A: World War II

82. Which U.S. World War II general later became President?

A: Dwight Eisenhower

83. What was the main concern of the United States during the Cold War?

A: The spread of communism

A: The Soviet Union [USSR and Russia are also acceptable.]

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84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

A: The civil rights movement

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

A: He fought for civil rights.

A: He strove for (worked for, fought for) equality for all Americans.

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

A: Terrorists attacked The United States.

87. Name one of the major American Indian tribes in the United States.

A: Cherokee, Seminoles, Creek, Choctaw, Arawak, Iroquois, Shawnee, Mohegan, Chippewa, Huron, Oneida, Sioux, Cheyenne, Lakotas, Crows, Blackfeet, Teton, Navajo, Apaches, Pueblo, Hopi, Inuit.

88. What is the longest river in the United States?

A: The Mississippi River

89. What ocean is on the west coast of the United States?

A: The Pacific Ocean

90. What ocean is on the east coast of the United States?

A: The Atlantic Ocean

91. Name one U.S. territory.

A: American Samoa

A: The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands

A: Guam

A: Puerto Rico

A: U.S. Virgin Islands

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

A: Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, or Washington

93. Name one state that borders on Mexico.

A: Arizona, California, New Mexico, or Texas

94. What is the capital of the U.S.?

A: Washington, D.C.

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?

A: New York Harbor

A: Liberty Island

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

96. Why do we have 13 stripes on the flag?

A: Because there were 13 original colonies

A: Because the stripes represent the original colonies

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

A: There is one star for each state.

A: Each star represents a state.

A: There are 50 states.

98. What is the name of the National Anthem?

A: The "Star-Spangled Banner"

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?

A: July 4

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.

A: New Year's Day

A: Martin Luther King Day

A: Presidents' Day

A: Memorial Day

A: Independence Day

A: Labor Day

A: Columbus Day

A: Veterans Day

A: Thanksgiving

A: Christmas



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