Sleep is just as important for the body as being adequately fed. Sleep is a state of rest in which we regain energy and vitality for the following day. During these hours we suspend voluntary movements and conscious activity, giving way to a process of mental and physical rest.
During sleep, the body's cells regenerate and oxygenate more efficiently. Not getting sufficient rest tends to accumulate fat that is difficult to burn off, increasing BMI. We also increase our blood pressure stress, raising the risk of hypertension and diabetes.
If we sleep the necessary hours, we protect ourselves from developing heart disease, we give our brains time off to process the information accumulated during the day, and we improve our intellectual capacity and physical performance.
Insomnia: is a common sleep disorder in which people have difficulty falling asleep or sleeping continuously. Its main causes include stress or emotional disturbances. Insomnia creates exhaustion, trouble concentrating, learning and memory problems, irritability and depression.
Sleep apnea: is another condition where breathing stops or becomes shallow, resulting in a bad quality rest. Overweight people and children with enlarged tonsils are more at risk of suffering from sleep apnea, and thet feel exhausted the next day.
-If you are more than 20 years old, you must sleep 7 to 9 hours per day. If you are under 20, it is advisable to sleep 8 to 9 hours per day.
-Get into the habits of going to bed at the same time each night and not letting last-minute tasks or activities affect your rest time.
-Avoid eating heavy meals at night that require the digestive system to work while you sleep.
-Also avoid cigarettes or the consumption of alcoholic or caffeinated beverages before going to bed.
-Choose reading instead of television before bed; this will help you have a more rejuvenating sleep.
-If you notice that you suffer from insomnia or sleep apnea, seek medical help. They are problems that require immediate attention.
-If you take a nap during the day, make sure it is no more than 30 minutes long.